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BLP25 Liposome Vaccine and Bevacizumab After Chemotherapy and Radiation Therapy in Treating Patients With Newly Diagnosed Stage IIIA or Stage IIIB Non-Small Cell Lung Cancer That Cannot Be Removed by Surgery

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ClinicalTrials.gov Identifier: NCT00828009
Recruitment Status : Completed
First Posted : January 23, 2009
Results First Posted : March 26, 2019
Last Update Posted : November 23, 2020
Sponsor:
Collaborator:
National Cancer Institute (NCI)
Information provided by (Responsible Party):
Eastern Cooperative Oncology Group ( ECOG-ACRIN Cancer Research Group )

Brief Summary:

RATIONALE: Vaccines may help the body build an effective immune response to kill tumor cells. Monoclonal antibodies, such as bevacizumab, can block tumor growth in different ways. Some block the ability of tumor cells to grow and spread. Others find tumor cells and help kill them or carry tumor-killing substances to them. Drugs used in chemotherapy work in different ways to stop the growth of tumor cells, either by killing the cells or by stopping them from dividing. Radiation therapy uses high-energy x-rays to kill tumor cells. Giving vaccine therapy together with bevacizumab after chemotherapy and radiation therapy may kill more tumor cells.

PURPOSE: This phase II trial is studying the side effects of giving BLP25 liposome vaccine together with bevacizumab after chemotherapy and radiation therapy in treating patients with newly diagnosed stage IIIA or stage IIIB non-small cell lung cancer that cannot be removed by surgery.


Condition or disease Intervention/treatment Phase
Lung Cancer Biological: bevacizumab Biological: Tecemotide Drug: carboplatin Drug: cyclophosphamide Drug: paclitaxel Radiation: radiotherapy Phase 2

Detailed Description:

OBJECTIVES:

Primary

  • To determine the safety of BLP25 liposome vaccine (tecemotide) and bevacizumab after definitive chemoradiotherapy and consolidation chemotherapy in patients with newly diagnosed, unresectable stage IIIA or IIIB nonsquamous cell non-small cell lung cancer.

Secondary

  • To evaluate the overall survival and progression-free in patients treated with this regimen.
  • To evaluate the toxicity of this regimen in these patients.

OUTLINE: This is a multicenter study.

Step 1:

  • Chemoradiotherapy: Patients receive paclitaxel intravenously (IV) over 1 hour and carboplatin IV over 15-30 minutes once a week for 6 weeks. Patients also undergo concurrent definitive radiotherapy 5 days a week for 6½ weeks. Patients with complete response (CR), partial response (PR), or stable disease (SD) proceed to consolidation chemotherapy.
  • Consolidation chemotherapy: Patients receive paclitaxel IV over 3 hours and carboplatin IV over 15-30 minutes on day 1. Treatment repeats every 21 days for 2 courses in the absence of disease progression or unacceptable toxicity. Patients with CR, PR, or SD proceed to maintenance therapy.

Step 2:

  • Maintenance therapy: Patients receive a single dose of cyclophosphamide IV over 15-30 minutes 3 days before the first dose of bevacizumab and BLP25 liposome vaccine. Patients then receive bevacizumab IV over 30-90 minutes on day 1 and BLP25 liposome vaccine subcutaneously on days 1, 8, and 15 of courses 1 and 2 and on day 1 of every other course beginning in course 4. Treatment repeats every 21 days for up to 34 courses in the absence of disease progression or unacceptable toxicity.

After completion of study treatment, patients are followed periodically for up to 5 years.

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Study Type : Interventional  (Clinical Trial)
Actual Enrollment : 70 participants
Allocation: N/A
Intervention Model: Single Group Assignment
Masking: None (Open Label)
Primary Purpose: Treatment
Official Title: A Phase II Study of L-BLP25 and Bevacizumab in Unresectable Stage IIIA and IIIB Non-Squamous Non-Small Cell Lung Cancer After Definitive Chemoradiation
Actual Study Start Date : December 22, 2010
Actual Primary Completion Date : August 20, 2018
Actual Study Completion Date : May 22, 2019

Resource links provided by the National Library of Medicine

Drug Information available for: Bevacizumab

Arm Intervention/treatment
Experimental: Tecemotide/bevacizumab after chemoradiation

Concomitant Chemoradiotherapy: Patients (pts) receive paclitaxel intravenously (IV) over 1 hour and carboplatin IV over 15-30 minutes weekly for 6 weeks. Pts also receive radiotherapy 5 days a week for 6½ weeks. Pts with CR, PR, or SD proceed to consolidation chemotherapy.

Consolidation chemotherapy: Pts receive paclitaxel IV over 3 hours and carboplatin IV over 15-30 minutes on day 1. Treatment repeats every 21 days for 2 courses in the absence of disease progression (PD) or unacceptable toxicity. Pts with CR, PR, or SD proceed to maintenance therapy.

Maintenance therapy: Pts receive a single dose of cyclophosphamide IV over 15-30 minutes 3 days before the first dose of bevacizumab and tecemotide. Pts then receive bevacizumab IV over 30-90 minutes on day 1 and tecemotide subcutaneously on days 1, 8, and 15 of courses 1 and 2 and on day 1 of every other course beginning in course 4. Treatment repeats every 21 days for up to 34 courses in the absence of PD or unacceptable toxicity.

Biological: bevacizumab
IV
Other Names:
  • NSC 704865
  • RhuMAb VEGF
  • Recombinant Humanized Monoclonal Bevacizumab Antibody

Biological: Tecemotide
Other Name: L-BLP25

Drug: carboplatin
IV
Other Names:
  • CBDCA
  • paraplatin
  • JM-8
  • NSC 241240

Drug: cyclophosphamide
IV
Other Names:
  • Cytoxan
  • Neosar
  • CTX
  • CPM

Drug: paclitaxel
IV
Other Names:
  • taxol
  • NSC #673089

Radiation: radiotherapy
radiotherapy is given 5 days a week for 6½ weeks during concomitant chemoradiotherapy




Primary Outcome Measures :
  1. Proportion of Patients With Target Adverse Events for the Step 2 Treatment [ Time Frame: Assessed every 3 weeks while on treatment and up to 5 years ]
    The study is to evaluate the safety of the combination of tecemotide immunotherapy with bevacizumab. The target adverse events for the combined treatment are as follows: grade 4-5 hemorrhage, esophagitis, fistula, platelet count decrease (thrombocytopenia), encephalitis infection, or hepatic failure episodes.


Secondary Outcome Measures :
  1. Overall Survival [ Time Frame: Every 3 months for patients < 2 years from study entry, and every 6 months if patient is 2-5 years from study entry; up to 5 years ]
    Overall survival was defined as the time from the study registration until death from any cause. Patients who were alive or lost to follow-up at the time of analysis were censored at date last known alive.

  2. Progression-free Survival [ Time Frame: Every 3 months for patients < 2 years from study entry, and every 6 months if patient is 2-5 years from study entry; up to 5 years ]

    Progression-free survival was defined as the time from study registration to disease progression or death from any cause, whichever came first. If date of death was greater than 3 months after date of last disease assessment that showed progression-free, the patient was censored at the time of last disease assessment. Patients alive and without documented progression were censored at the date last known progression-free.

    Progression is defined using Response Evaluation Criteria In Solid Tumors (RECIST) Criteria (version 1.1), as at least 20% increase in the sum of the diameters of target lesions, taking as reference the smallest sum on study, the appearance of new lesions, or unequivocal progression of existing non-target lesions.




Information from the National Library of Medicine

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Ages Eligible for Study:   18 Years and older   (Adult, Older Adult)
Sexes Eligible for Study:   All
Accepts Healthy Volunteers:   No
Criteria

Step 1 Inclusion Criteria:

  • Histologically confirmed newly diagnosed nonsquamous non-small cell lung cancer (NSCLC), including the following subtypes:

    • Adenocarcinoma
    • Large cell undifferentiated
    • Bronchoalveolar cell
    • non-small cell carcinoma, not otherwise specified
  • Unresectable stage IIIA or stage IIIB disease

    • Patients with stage IIIA disease with mediastinal lymph node enlargement between 1 cm and 2.0 cm on computerized tomography (CT) scan must have these nodes biopsied (pathologic confirmation) to rule out resectability
    • Metastases to contralateral mediastinal or supraclavicular nodes allowed
  • Measurable or non-measurable disease, as defined by Response Evaluation Criteria in Solid Tumours (RECIST) criteria
  • Eastern Cooperative Oncology Group (ECOG) performance status 0-1
  • White blood cell (WBC) ≥ 4,000/mm³ OR Absolute neutrophil count (ANC) ≥ 2,000/mm³
  • Platelet count ≥ 140,000/mm³
  • Hemoglobin ≥ 9.0 g/dL
  • Total bilirubin ≤ 1.5 mg/dL
  • Aspartate aminotransferase (AST)/alanine aminotransferase (ALT)+ ≤ 2.5 times upper limit of normal
  • Serum creatinine ≤ 1.5 mg/mL OR creatinine clearance ≥ 45 mL/min
  • Urine protein:creatinine ratio < 1.0 by urine dipstick OR < 1 g of protein by 24-hour urine collection
  • INR ≤ 1.5 OR ≤ 3.0 if patient is on therapeutic anticoagulation
  • PTT normal
  • Fertile patients must use effective contraception before, during, and for ≥ 6 months after completion of bevacizumab

Step 1 Exclusion Criteria:

  • Significant pleural effusion
  • CNS metastases by head CT scan or MRI within the past 4 weeks
  • Pregnant or breast-feeding
  • Prior chemotherapy or monoclonal antibodies for other cancers within 5 years prior to registration
  • Prior chemotherapy for lung cancer
  • Prior chest radiotherapy
  • Ongoing (lasting > 14 days) or active infection or ongoing (lasting > 14 days) fever within the past 6 months
  • Gross hemoptysis ≥ grade 2 (defined as ≥ ½ teaspoon of bright red blood per episode) within the past 3 months
  • Bleeding ≥ grade 2 or any bleeding requiring intervention
  • Clinically significant cardiovascular disease
  • Myocardial infarction within the past 6 months
  • New York Heart Association class III-IV congestive heart failure
  • Unstable angina pectoris
  • Serious cardiac arrhythmia requiring medication within the past 4 weeks
  • History of hypertensive crisis or hypertensive encephalopathy
  • Stroke or transient ischemic attack within the past 6 months
  • Peripheral vascular disease ≥ grade 2 within the past 6 months
  • Abdominal fistula, gastrointestinal perforation, or intra-abdominal abscess within the past 6 months
  • Psychiatric illness or social situation that would limit compliance with study requirements
  • History of uncontrolled hypertension (i.e., blood pressure ≥ 150/100 mm Hg) while on stable regimen of antihypertensive therapy
  • Significant traumatic injury or serious non-healing wound, ulcer, or bone fracture within the past 4 weeks
  • Concurrent major surgical procedure
  • Having anticipated major surgical procedure(s) during the course of the study
  • Concurrent daily aspirin (> 325 mg/day) or nonsteroidal anti-inflammatory agents (NSAIDs) known to inhibit platelet function
  • Recognized immunodeficiency disease, including cellular immunodeficiencies, hypogammaglobulinemia or dysgammaglobulinemia, or hereditary or congenital immunodeficiencies
  • Pre-existing medical condition requiring chronic steroids or immunosuppressive therapy
  • Autoimmune disease
  • Known hepatitis B or C
  • Immunotherapy (e.g., interferon, interleukin, sargramostim [GM-CSF], or filgrastim [G-CSF]) within 28 days prior to registration
  • Prior splenectomy
  • Hypersensitivity to any component of bevacizumab
  • Prior core biopsy or any other minor surgical procedure, excluding the placement of a vascular access device, within 7 days prior to registration

Step 2 Inclusion Criteria:

  • Serum creatinine ≤ 1.5 mg/ml or calculated creatinine clearance ≥ 45 ml/min
  • Urine dipstick must be ≤ 0-1+. If urine dipstick results > 1+, 24 hour urine for protein must be obtained. Patients must have < 1g protein/24 hours to participate in the study
  • Patient must be registered to step 2 within 28 days of completion of consolidation chemotherapy
  • Patient must have met all eligibility requirements for Step 1
  • Platelets ≥ 100,000/mm3

Step 2 Exclusion Criteria:

  • Progressive disease or unevaluable disease per RECIST criteria upon post- consolidation chemotherapy evaluation
  • Autoimmune disease

Information from the National Library of Medicine

To learn more about this study, you or your doctor may contact the study research staff using the contact information provided by the sponsor.

Please refer to this study by its ClinicalTrials.gov identifier (NCT number): NCT00828009


Locations
Show Show 88 study locations
Sponsors and Collaborators
ECOG-ACRIN Cancer Research Group
National Cancer Institute (NCI)
Investigators
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Study Chair: Jyoti D. Patel Robert H. Lurie Cancer Center
  Study Documents (Full-Text)

Documents provided by Eastern Cooperative Oncology Group ( ECOG-ACRIN Cancer Research Group ):
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Responsible Party: ECOG-ACRIN Cancer Research Group
ClinicalTrials.gov Identifier: NCT00828009    
Other Study ID Numbers: CDR0000632611
E6508 ( Other Identifier: ECOG-ACRIN Cancer Research Group )
U10CA180794 ( U.S. NIH Grant/Contract )
First Posted: January 23, 2009    Key Record Dates
Results First Posted: March 26, 2019
Last Update Posted: November 23, 2020
Last Verified: November 2020
Individual Participant Data (IPD) Sharing Statement:
Plan to Share IPD: Yes
Plan Description: Individual participant data may be made available upon request as per the ECOG-ACRIN Data Sharing Policy

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Studies a U.S. FDA-regulated Drug Product: Yes
Studies a U.S. FDA-regulated Device Product: No
Keywords provided by Eastern Cooperative Oncology Group ( ECOG-ACRIN Cancer Research Group ):
stage IIIA non-small cell lung cancer
stage IIIB non-small cell lung cancer
adenocarcinoma of the lung
Additional relevant MeSH terms:
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Lung Neoplasms
Carcinoma, Non-Small-Cell Lung
Respiratory Tract Neoplasms
Thoracic Neoplasms
Neoplasms by Site
Neoplasms
Lung Diseases
Respiratory Tract Diseases
Carcinoma, Bronchogenic
Bronchial Neoplasms
Paclitaxel
Cyclophosphamide
Bevacizumab
Carboplatin
Antineoplastic Agents, Phytogenic
Antineoplastic Agents
Tubulin Modulators
Antimitotic Agents
Mitosis Modulators
Molecular Mechanisms of Pharmacological Action
Immunosuppressive Agents
Immunologic Factors
Physiological Effects of Drugs
Antirheumatic Agents
Antineoplastic Agents, Alkylating
Alkylating Agents
Myeloablative Agonists
Antineoplastic Agents, Immunological
Angiogenesis Inhibitors
Angiogenesis Modulating Agents