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Impact of Education During Pregnancy in Overweight Pregnant Women (ETOIG)

The safety and scientific validity of this study is the responsibility of the study sponsor and investigators. Listing a study does not mean it has been evaluated by the U.S. Federal Government. Read our disclaimer for details. Identifier: NCT00804765
Recruitment Status : Completed
First Posted : December 9, 2008
Last Update Posted : August 26, 2014
Information provided by (Responsible Party):
Assistance Publique - Hôpitaux de Paris

Brief Summary:

Metabolic environment of the foetus during pregnancy in obese women is altered and the child exposed at an increased risk of obesity. Rapid infancy and childhood weight gain is associated with subsequent obesity.

The purpose of the study is to test the efficacy of an educational intervention during pregnancy in obese or overweight women, on the reduction of rapid infancy weight gain in the two first years of life.

Condition or disease Intervention/treatment Phase
Overweight Obesity Pregnancy Childhood Obesity Other: Therapeutic education Other: Follow-up Not Applicable

Detailed Description:

In a first time, we propose to pregnant overweight women to participate a study based on the follow up of their pregnancy and of their child during the two first years of life. Women in agreement with the study sign a consent form and fill in a questionnaire about their quality of live.

We secondly randomized the women in two groups:

Group A: in this group an intervention is delivered. It provide education, at regularly scheduled sessions (20 weeks, 28 weeks, 35 weeks, and 2 month after delivering) and two dietary consulting. The sessions that stress about healthy eating and modest exercise assemble several women (no more than 10). Women in agreement with this intervention sign a consent form.

Group B: in this group, pregnant women are managed with standard care (at least one dietary consulting is proposed around 26 weeks).

Risk factors for child obesity are researched by questionnaire (parents smoking habit, mother and father level of education, family history of obesity, risk factors for gestational diabetes…). Mother weight measured at every clinic visit, is recorded as complications during pregnancy (HTA, preeclampsia, diabetes, fetal malformation …) and during delivery. Mother glycosylated haemoglobin is measured at birth.

Variables of interest for the children included at birth: gestational age, sex, neonatal pathology, hospitalisations and hypoglycaemia episode. Measurement, and method of infant feeding are recorded at birth, and by phone call every 2 months during 6 months, at 9 month, 1 year, 18 months and 2 years. At 4 months the mother fill in a questionnaire about the amount of milk or other foods eaten by the child.

A visit is planed at 2 years for:

  • clinical examination of the child,
  • recording of his nutritional and exercise habits
  • questionnaire about quality of life of the mother and her health
  • measurement of her BMI, arterial pressure, glycaemia before and after 75 g oral glucose-tolerance test, glycosylated hemoglobin, and lipid test.

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Study Type : Interventional  (Clinical Trial)
Actual Enrollment : 275 participants
Allocation: Randomized
Intervention Model: Parallel Assignment
Masking: Single (Participant)
Primary Purpose: Prevention
Official Title: Impact of Pregnant Women Education in Case of Overweight or Obesity on Risk of Child Overweight and Pregnancy Outcome
Study Start Date : September 2008
Actual Primary Completion Date : April 2013
Actual Study Completion Date : November 2013

Arm Intervention/treatment
Experimental: 1
Therapeutic education
Other: Therapeutic education
Intensive training individual and collective teaching

Placebo Comparator: 2 Other: Follow-up
classical follow-up with two individual consultations

Primary Outcome Measures :
  1. 30 per cent reduction of rapid infancy weight gain at two years defined as > +0,67 change in weight SD score. The 0,67 SD represents the difference between the displayed centile lines on standard infant growth charts. [ Time Frame: 30 Months ]

Secondary Outcome Measures :
  1. -reduction of rapid infancy weight gain between 0 and 6 months [ Time Frame: 30 months ]
  2. -reduction of the number of children with BMI over 19 at 2 years [ Time Frame: 30 months ]
  3. -reduction of incidence of gestational diabetes, preeclampsia, HTA during pregnancy, caesarean, fetal macrosomia [ Time Frame: 30 months ]
  4. -reduction of spontaneous feeding at 4 months [ Time Frame: 30 months ]
  5. -increase of breastfeeding (number of women and duration) [ Time Frame: 30 months ]
  6. -reduction 1 and 2 years after pregnancy of mother weight and BMI (except second pregnancy) [ Time Frame: 30 months ]
  7. -reduction of abnormality of lipid and glycaemia test in women, 2 years after the pregnancy [ Time Frame: 30 months ]

Information from the National Library of Medicine

Choosing to participate in a study is an important personal decision. Talk with your doctor and family members or friends about deciding to join a study. To learn more about this study, you or your doctor may contact the study research staff using the contacts provided below. For general information, Learn About Clinical Studies.

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Ages Eligible for Study:   18 Years and older   (Adult, Older Adult)
Sexes Eligible for Study:   Female
Accepts Healthy Volunteers:   No

Inclusion criteria :

  • Pregnant women who agree the study
  • BMI > 25 kg/m². BMI is based on retrospective self reported weight of the patient before pregnancy.
  • No more that 21 weeks of gestation.
  • Social security

Exclusion criteria :

  • women younger than 18 yrs,
  • multiple gestation,
  • high risk pregnancy,
  • psychiatric pathology,
  • diabetes diagnosed before the inclusion
  • fetal malformation
  • history of obesity surgery
  • Women with no understanding of French language
  • Women planning to move to another area.

Information from the National Library of Medicine

To learn more about this study, you or your doctor may contact the study research staff using the contact information provided by the sponsor.

Please refer to this study by its identifier (NCT number): NCT00804765

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Hôpital Necker
Paris, France, 75015
Sponsors and Collaborators
Assistance Publique - Hôpitaux de Paris
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Principal Investigator: Sophie PARAT, MD Assistance Publique - Hôpitaux de Paris
Publications automatically indexed to this study by Identifier (NCT Number):
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Responsible Party: Assistance Publique - Hôpitaux de Paris Identifier: NCT00804765    
Other Study ID Numbers: AOM07093
First Posted: December 9, 2008    Key Record Dates
Last Update Posted: August 26, 2014
Last Verified: August 2014
Keywords provided by Assistance Publique - Hôpitaux de Paris:
child obesity
overweight women
obese women
Additional relevant MeSH terms:
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Pediatric Obesity
Nutrition Disorders
Body Weight
Signs and Symptoms