A Study of the Pharmacokinetics of Paliperidone in Volunteers With Normal or Impaired Liver Function
The safety and scientific validity of this study is the responsibility of the study sponsor and investigators. Listing a study does not mean it has been evaluated by the U.S. Federal Government.
Read our disclaimer for details.
ClinicalTrials.gov Identifier: NCT00791284
Recruitment Status :
First Posted : November 14, 2008
Last Update Posted : June 8, 2011
Johnson & Johnson Pharmaceutical Research & Development, L.L.C.
Information provided by:
Johnson & Johnson Pharmaceutical Research & Development, L.L.C.
The purpose of this study is 1) to investigate the single-dose pharmacokinetics of immediate release (IR) paliperidone, after oral administration, in patients having moderate hepatic impairment compared to patients having normal hepatic function, 2) to document the plasma protein binding and disposition of the enantiomers of paliperidone, and 3) to evaluate the tolerability and safety profile of IR paliperidone in both patient populations.
Condition or disease
Drug: Intermediate release (IR) Paliperidone
This is a single-dose, parallel-group, open-label, single-center, Phase 1 study of immediate release (IR) paliperidone in patients having either normal or moderately-impaired hepatic function. The groups, which will consist of 10 patients each, will be demographically matched with respect to age, weight, sex, and ethnicity. The study will consist of a screening period of up to 3 weeks and an open-label, single-dose treatment period (Days 1 through 5). On Day 1, a single dose of 1 mg Intermediate Release (IR) paliperidone oral solution will be administered after a fast of at least 10 hours; patients will continue to fast for 4 hours following study drug administration. The 96-hour follow-up will consist of serial sample collections of blood and urine for pharmacokinetic analysis and safety and tolerability assessments. Patients will remain confined to the study site through the 72-hour pharmacokinetics sampling and will consume standard institutional meals while in the study site. Patients will be released after the 72-hour sampling, then will return to the study site on Day 5 before the 96-hour pharmacokinetics sampling; end-of-study procedures will be performed immediately thereafter. Currently, pharmacokinetic data are available after oral IR and Extended Release (ER) formulations of paliperidone were administered to healthy patients and to patients with schizophrenia who had normal hepatic function. No pharmacokinetic information on paliperidone in patients with hepatic impairment has been obtained. The target population for paliperidone comprises schizophrenic patients. Because some patients in the target population might be hepatically impaired, pharmacokinetic information in this population is helpful. This single-dose pharmacokinetic study will collect information in patients with normal hepatic function and in patients with moderate hepatic impairment to provide clinical dosing information/recommendations for patients with hepatic impairment. Safety and tolerability will be monitored. A single dose of 1 mg intermediate release (IR) paliperidone oral solution
Choosing to participate in a study is an important personal decision. Talk with your doctor and family members or friends about deciding to join a study. To learn more about this study, you or your doctor may contact the study research staff using the contacts provided below. For general information, Learn About Clinical Studies.
Layout table for eligibility information
Ages Eligible for Study:
18 Years to 75 Years (Adult, Older Adult)
Sexes Eligible for Study:
Accepts Healthy Volunteers:
Patients with normal hepatic function:Normotensive at screening, with supine (5 minutes) blood pressure between the range of 95 to 160 mmHg systolic, inclusive, and 55 to 95 mmHg diastolic, inclusive, demographically comparable to the hepatic impairment group with respect to age, weight, sex, and ethnicity and healthy on the basis of a prestudy physical examination, medical history, ECG, and laboratory results of blood biochemistry, hematology, and urinalysis performed within 3 weeks before study drug administration. If the results of the biochemistry or hematology tests or the urinalysis are not within the laboratory's reference ranges, the patient can be included only if the investigator judges that the deviations are not clinically significant
Patients with moderate hepatic impairment: Blood pressure controlled and stable on antihypertensive agents, stable hepatic disease with laboratory and clinical findings that support the diagnosis of hepatic impairment, otherwise healthy on the basis of a prestudy physical examination, medical history, ECG, and laboratory results of blood biochemistry, hematology, and urinalysis performed within 3 weeks before study drug administration. Patients with controlled hypertension and those problems directly associated with the primary diagnosis of hepatic impairment may be included. Patients with stable, mild, chronic concurrent diseases, such as degenerative joint disease, Type II diabetes, or thyroid conditions requiring thyroid replacement therapy or surgery, may be included. If the results of the biochemistry or hematology tests or the urinalysis are not within the laboratory's references ranges, the patient can be included only if the investigator judges that the deviations are not clinically significant. Laboratory results related to the patient's underlying condition may be outside of the normal ranges. (Serum bilirubin, albumin, and prothrombin time will be assessed individually)
Total score of Child-Pugh's classification will be between 7 and 9, inclusive
Concomitant medications to treat underlying disease states or medical conditions related to hepatic insufficiency are allowed. Patients have to be on a stable dose of medication and/or treatment regimen 2 months before the study, as well as during the study.
Patients with normal hepatic function:Has any significant history or presence of hepatic disease or has positive serology result for hepatitis B surface antigen (HBsAg) or anti-hepatitis C virus (as determined by a multi-antigen enzyme immunoassay)
At screening, sustained drops in systolic (>20 mmHg) or diastolic (>10 mmHg) blood pressure after standing for at least 2 minutes which are not associated with an increase in pulse rate of >15 beats per minute
Is taking, or has taken, any prescribed or over-the-counter drug (including vitamins and herbal supplements) within 2 weeks before study drug administration (with the exception of paracetamol, hormonal contraceptives, and hormone replacement therapy)
Patients with moderate hepatic impairment: Has any clinically significant laboratory abnormality except those parameters influenced by hepatic impairment, has a score of 3 or 4 for hepatic encephalopathy as determined by the result of the Number Connection Test, has severe ascites and/or pleural effusion, has serology result positive for HBsAg, has acute exacerbation of liver disease, as indicated by worsening clinical signs of hepatic impairment, or by an increase of more than 50% in total bilirubin or prothrombin time in the preceding 3 months (as far as information is available).
Schizophrenia Spectrum and Other Psychotic Disorders
Central Nervous System Depressants
Physiological Effects of Drugs