Working… Menu

Evaluating the Methylphenidate Patch to Treat Former Stimulant Users With ADHD

The safety and scientific validity of this study is the responsibility of the study sponsor and investigators. Listing a study does not mean it has been evaluated by the U.S. Federal Government. Read our disclaimer for details. Identifier: NCT00780208
Recruitment Status : Completed
First Posted : October 27, 2008
Results First Posted : June 14, 2018
Last Update Posted : June 14, 2018
Information provided by (Responsible Party):
Aimee McRae-Clark, Medical University of South Carolina

Brief Summary:
The purpose of this study is to evaluate the effectiveness and safety of Daytrana® in the treatment of attention deficit hyperactivity disorder (ADHD) in adults who have abused stimulants in the past. Daytrana® is a stimulant medication that has been approved by the Food and Drug Administration for the treatment of ADHD in children over the age of 6 years old.

Condition or disease Intervention/treatment Phase
Adult Attention Deficit Hyperactivity Disorder (ADHD) Drug: Daytrana (methylphenidate patch) Not Applicable

Detailed Description:
Methylphenidate and amphetamines are considered to be the first line of treatment for ADHD in children (Biederman et al, 1997). Although treating children and adolescents with stimulants does not appear to increase the risk of substance use disorders (Wilens et al, 2003), little is known about the abuse of prescription stimulants in adults with ADHD. A review of the literature on the abuse potential of methylphenidate in animals and humans found that methylphenidate produced reinforcing, discriminative-stimulus, and subjective effects similar to amphetamines or cocaine (Kollins et al, 2001). Although the abuse rates of methylphenidate and other stimulant medications used for the treatment of ADHD have not been empirically established, significant concern exists so that regulatory mandates are enforced to control distribution, and some physicians may be reluctant to use stimulants in patients with drug abuse histories. The introduction of a methylphenidate patch is an important advancement, as the patch formulation should increase compliance while minimizing abuse potential, making it an attractive treatment option in the large population of individuals who have a history of previous drug misuse. The primary aim of this study is to assess the efficacy of the methylphenidate patch in adult individuals with ADHD who have abused stimulants in the past. It is hypothesized that the methylphenidate patch will be efficacious in reducing ADHD symptoms in this population.

Layout table for study information
Study Type : Interventional  (Clinical Trial)
Actual Enrollment : 14 participants
Intervention Model: Single Group Assignment
Masking: None (Open Label)
Primary Purpose: Treatment
Official Title: The Evaluation of the Safety and Efficacy of the Methylphenidate Patch in Former Stimulant Users With ADHD
Study Start Date : April 2007
Actual Primary Completion Date : October 2008
Actual Study Completion Date : February 2009

Arm Intervention/treatment
Daytrana (methylphenidate patch)
Methylphenidate patch
Drug: Daytrana (methylphenidate patch)
Subjects will be provided with a 7-day supply of medication at each study visit. The dose will be flexible and will be titrated based on effect and tolerability. Unless a subject is experiencing side effects, the dose will be increased if a 25% reduction in ADHD symptoms as determined by the WRAADDS is not obtained. A proposed dosing schedule is as follows: Week 1: 12.5 cm2, Week 2: 18.75 cm2, Week 3: 25 cm2, Week 4: 37.5 cm2. The dose may be decreased as needed for tolerability.
Other Name: Daytrana Patch, Methylphenidate Patch

Primary Outcome Measures :
  1. ADHD Symptom Severity [ Time Frame: Baseline, Week 8 ]
    Primary efficacy endpoint will be ADHD symptom severity, as measured by mean change from baseline in the Wender-Reimherr Adult Attention Deficit Disorder Scale total score (WRAADS).The WRAADS measures symptoms in 7 categories: attention difficulties, hyperactivity/restlessness, temper, affective lability, emotional overreactivity, disorganization, and impulsivity. The scale rates individual items from 0 to 2 (0 = not present, 1 = mild, 2 = clearly present) so there may be a minimum total score of 0 (no symptoms present) through a maximum score of 56 (symptoms clearly present).

Secondary Outcome Measures :
  1. Number of Participants With Positive Drug Screen [ Time Frame: 8 weeks ]
    Secondary efficacy endpoints will be substance use during the study, as measured by total number of participants testing positive for substances other than a stimulant on weekly urine drug screens

Information from the National Library of Medicine

Choosing to participate in a study is an important personal decision. Talk with your doctor and family members or friends about deciding to join a study. To learn more about this study, you or your doctor may contact the study research staff using the contacts provided below. For general information, Learn About Clinical Studies.

Layout table for eligibility information
Ages Eligible for Study:   18 Years to 65 Years   (Adult, Older Adult)
Sexes Eligible for Study:   All
Accepts Healthy Volunteers:   No

Inclusion Criteria:

  1. Healthy men and women, 18 to 65 years of age
  2. Meet DSM-IV criteria for past stimulant (cocaine, methamphetamine, or prescription stimulant) abuse or dependence, with past abuse/dependence defined as a minimum of three months since meeting DSM-IV criteria, or have exhibited a pattern of stimulant misuse. For the purposes of this study, stimulant misuse will be defined as using someone else's stimulant ADHD medication for a minimum of four times in a one-month period, and this misuse must have occurred for at least three months.
  3. Meet DSM-IV criteria for current ADHD, determined by a clinical interview and confirmed by semi-structured interview with the Conners' Adult ADHD Diagnostic Interview for DSM-IV (CAAR-D; Conners et al, 1999)
  4. ADHD symptom severity indicated by a score of 12 or greater on the Wender-Reimherr Adult Attention Deficit Disorder Scale
  5. All subjects will agree to and sign a written, IRB-approved informed consent
  6. Subjects must live within a 60-mile radius of Charleston, SC, to facilitate study visit compliance

Exclusion Criteria:

  1. Individuals meeting DSM-IV dependence for any substance with the exception of nicotine and caffeine
  2. Individuals meeting DSM-IV criteria for a lifetime history of schizophrenia or another non-affective psychotic disorder or bipolar disorder, since these patients will most likely be taking other psychotropic medications and often require intensive psychiatric care
  3. Individuals meeting DSM-IV criteria for current major depressive disorder or eating disorder, since these individuals will likely require treatment with psychotropic medications.
  4. Individuals who present significant suicidal risk
  5. Individuals with significant cognitive impairment as measured by a score of less than 26 on the Mini-Mental Status Exam, as they may be unable to understand the informed consent, comply with study protocol, or accurately complete assessments
  6. Individuals currently receiving stimulants, benzodiazepines, antidepressant or antipsychotic medications.
  7. Individuals currently receiving psychotherapy focusing on reducing ADHD symptoms, as this could confound the effects of methylphenidate treatment
  8. Pregnant or nursing women, or women who refuse to use adequate birth control, as methylphenidate has not been approved for use in pregnancy
  9. Individuals without stable housing, as contacting these individuals would be difficult
  10. Individuals with major medical illnesses (e.g., HIV, renal failure, unstable angina, chronic obstructive pulmonary disease, infectious hepatitis)
  11. Patients with uncontrolled hypertension (defined as having blood pressure greater than 140/90 measured on 3 or more occasions), as methylphenidate treatment can be associated with increases in blood pressure
  12. Individuals with a significant family history of cardiac abnormalities, as these individuals may be more susceptible to cardiac adverse events
  13. Individuals who are obese (greater than 30% over ideal weight or BMI greater than 30) as this may interfere with absorption of methylphenidate
  14. Individuals who, in the investigators' opinion, would not be able to comply with study procedures, such as individuals unable to reliably present for intake appointments

Information from the National Library of Medicine

To learn more about this study, you or your doctor may contact the study research staff using the contact information provided by the sponsor.

Please refer to this study by its identifier (NCT number): NCT00780208

Layout table for location information
United States, South Carolina
Medical University of South Carolina
Charleston, South Carolina, United States, 29425
Sponsors and Collaborators
Medical University of South Carolina
Layout table for investigator information
Principal Investigator: Aimee L. McRae-Clark, Pharm.D. Medical University of South Carolina

Layout table for additonal information
Responsible Party: Aimee McRae-Clark, Professor, Medical University of South Carolina Identifier: NCT00780208     History of Changes
Other Study ID Numbers: HR#16784
First Posted: October 27, 2008    Key Record Dates
Results First Posted: June 14, 2018
Last Update Posted: June 14, 2018
Last Verified: June 2018
Keywords provided by Aimee McRae-Clark, Medical University of South Carolina:
Attention Deficit Hyperactivity ADHD
Additional relevant MeSH terms:
Layout table for MeSH terms
Attention Deficit Disorder with Hyperactivity
Attention Deficit and Disruptive Behavior Disorders
Neurodevelopmental Disorders
Mental Disorders
Neurologic Manifestations
Nervous System Diseases
Signs and Symptoms
Central Nervous System Stimulants
Physiological Effects of Drugs
Dopamine Uptake Inhibitors
Neurotransmitter Uptake Inhibitors
Membrane Transport Modulators
Molecular Mechanisms of Pharmacological Action
Dopamine Agents
Neurotransmitter Agents