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Comparing Carotid Stenting With Endarterectomy in Severe Asymptomatic Carotid Stenosis

The safety and scientific validity of this study is the responsibility of the study sponsor and investigators. Listing a study does not mean it has been evaluated by the U.S. Federal Government. Read our disclaimer for details. Identifier: NCT00772278
Recruitment Status : Completed
First Posted : October 15, 2008
Last Update Posted : July 25, 2017
Information provided by (Responsible Party):
Dallit Manheim, Carmel Medical Center

Brief Summary:

Purpose of this study:


• Comparison of cardiovascular mortality and morbidity which includes cardiac and neurological morbidity (TIA and CVA) in the two invasive treatments of asymptomatic carotid artery stenosis


  • Comparison of non cardiovascular morbidity caused by the two invasive techniques

    1. morbidity at the site of incision (infection or local hematoma)
    2. damage to cranial nerves (hypoglossus, vagus)
    3. brain hyperperfusion which is defined as severe headache which is not responsive to analgesics with or without nausea and vomiting.
    4. events of bradycardia within the first 24 hours, clinically evident and/or silent
  • microembolic brain events immediately after the procedure and their relationship with morbidity and/or mortality due to TIA's or CVA's
  • the change in the stenotic carotid artery at the time of follow up with duplex of neck arteries
  • the comparison of the affect of the two procedures on patient life style

Condition or disease Intervention/treatment Phase
Carotid Stenosis Procedure: carotid artery stenting Procedure: carotid endarterectomy Phase 4

Detailed Description:

Background: the surgical treatment of severe carotid artery stenosis (>70%) has been proven effective in prevention of cerebral vascular events in asymptomatic patients as compared with non invasive treatment (1, 5, 7). The currently accepted surgical treatment is called endarterectomy and includes surgery under regional and general anesthesia, in which the neck is opened, the common carotid artery, the bifurcation and the internal and external carotid artery are exposed, 5000 units of intravenous (IV) heparin is given and the arteries are occluded. The diseased artery is opened and the atherosclerotic plaque is excised, after the artery is cleaned the opening is sutured and the blood supply is reestablished. At the end of the procedure the incision is closed. The patient is transferred to recovery for four hours of surveillance, and 500 units/hour of heparin IV is started, which is continued for 12 hours. After an additional day of surveillance in the department the patient is discharged home. Two weeks after the operation the patient is invited to the out patient clinic for wound surveillance and to take out the skin staples. After which the patient is under surveillance after 3 months, 6 months, and then yearly, which involves a physical examination by a physician and a duplex examination of carotid arteries. A regiment of 100mg of Aspirin per day is initiated at the time of diagnosis. Complications associated with this procedure: a 1-3% of patients develop a transient ischemic accident (TIA) or cerebrovascular accident (CVA), cardiac complications depending on individual risk factors (0.5%), bleeding and infection at incision site is at the rate of 5%, 2-8% of patients suffer from cranial nerve damage (including hypoglossus and vagus), 2-3% of patients suffer from brain hyperperfusion, finally, stenosis recurs in 10-15% of patients.

Recently endovascular technique involving stent placement has been introduced to treat carotid artery stenosis. Early studies found this technique to be equal to traditional carotid endarterectomy in mortality and morbidity (8). Complications associated with endovascular stenting: 1-3% of patients develop a TIA or a CVA, bleeding at artery access site is at the rate of 1%, cardiac complications depending on individual risk factors (0.5%), 1-4% of patients suffer from a periprocedural arterial thromboembolic events, finally, 1% of patients suffer from renal function deterioration. Invasive treatment of carotid artery stenosis, traditional or endovascular, may be accompanied by microembolic events, which, do not necessarily result in cerebral ischemia with evident neurological deficiency. These events, however, may be noted on brain CT and may result in cognitive decline (2-4%). The role of stent deposition in conjunction with a vascular protective device, in protecting from microembolic events is still unclear.

In this study, price-rapid exchange® (Cordis, FL, USA) will be evaluated in the treatment of asymptomatic carotid artery stenosis. Traditional indications for stent placement will be used: stenosis of 70% or more demonstrated by carotid artery duplex, CTA or MRA. The stent is placed into the area of stenosed carotid artery using percutaneous approach in the operating room. The artery is visualized by injecting contrast material, a vascular protective device, angioguard® (Cordis, FL, USA), is placed downstream from carotid artery stenosis, the stent is inserted and expanded by a balloon, amiia® (Cordis, FL, USA). Furthermore, a completion angiography is preformed to visualize the final stent location and the protective vascular device is removed. A regiment of 100mg Aspirin, once daily, is initiated before endovascular treatment, and then continued as a part of a permanent treatment. Five thousand units of intravenous heparin are given at the beginning of the endovascular procedure. Heparin is than continued at 500 units per hour for the next 12 hours. The patient is discharged one day after the procedure.

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Study Type : Interventional  (Clinical Trial)
Actual Enrollment : 137 participants
Allocation: Randomized
Intervention Model: Parallel Assignment
Masking: None (Open Label)
Primary Purpose: Treatment
Official Title: A Randomized Evaluation of Short Term and Long Term Outcome After Endovascular Repair by Stenting of Carotid Artery Stenosis in Patients With Severe (70% and Higher) Asymptomatic Carotid Stenosis
Study Start Date : January 2009
Actual Primary Completion Date : September 2015
Actual Study Completion Date : September 2015

Arm Intervention/treatment
Active Comparator: CAS
carotid artery stenting
Procedure: carotid artery stenting
carotid artery angiography, angioplasty and stenting
Other Names:
  • carotid stent - precise - rapid exchange® (Cordis, FL, USA)
  • carotid artery filter - angioguard® (Cordis, FL, USA)

Active Comparator: CEA
carotid endarterectomy
Procedure: carotid endarterectomy
open surgery including endarterectomy

Primary Outcome Measures :
  1. comparison of cardiovascular mortality and morbidity which includes cardiac and neurological morbidity (TIA and CVA) in the two invasive treatments of asymptomatic carotid artery stenosis [ Time Frame: 2 years ]

Secondary Outcome Measures :
  1. incision site morbidity [ Time Frame: 2 years ]
  2. cranial nerves damage [ Time Frame: 2 years ]
  3. brain hyperperfusion [ Time Frame: 2 years ]
  4. bradycardia within the first 24 hours [ Time Frame: 2 years ]
  5. microembolic brain events [ Time Frame: 2 years ]
  6. long term recurrence [ Time Frame: 2 years ]
  7. effect on patient life style [ Time Frame: 2 years ]

Information from the National Library of Medicine

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Ages Eligible for Study:   18 Years to 80 Years   (Adult, Older Adult)
Sexes Eligible for Study:   All
Accepts Healthy Volunteers:   No

Inclusion Criteria:

  • Stenosis of 70% or more by carotid artery duplex, CTA or MRA.
  • No evidence of TIA or CVA originating in area of the brain supplied by the carotid artery under study, in the four months preceding treatment.
  • Eligibility for both treatment options:

    1. suited for operative treatment as assessed by an anesthesiologist
    2. suited for endovascular procedure by established radiological guidelines (including: access to the stenotic area via the vessels of the aortic arch, the absence of occlusion preventing this access, absence of significant atherosclerosis within the arch of aorta, absence of torturous anatomy of the common and internal carotid artery, and absence of thrombus in the area of stenosis)

Exclusion Criteria:


Information from the National Library of Medicine

To learn more about this study, you or your doctor may contact the study research staff using the contact information provided by the sponsor.

Please refer to this study by its identifier (NCT number): NCT00772278

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Carmel Medical Center
Haifa, Israel, 34362
Sponsors and Collaborators
Carmel Medical Center
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Principal Investigator: Dallit Mannheim, Dr. Carmel Medical Center

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Responsible Party: Dallit Manheim, Principal Investigator, Carmel Medical Center Identifier: NCT00772278    
Other Study ID Numbers: CMC-07-0094-CTIL
cas vs cea-001-carmel ( Other Identifier: Carmel Medical Center )
First Posted: October 15, 2008    Key Record Dates
Last Update Posted: July 25, 2017
Last Verified: July 2017
Keywords provided by Dallit Manheim, Carmel Medical Center:
carotid stenosis
carotid stenting
carotid endarterectomy
Additional relevant MeSH terms:
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Carotid Stenosis
Constriction, Pathologic
Pathological Conditions, Anatomical
Carotid Artery Diseases
Cerebrovascular Disorders
Brain Diseases
Central Nervous System Diseases
Nervous System Diseases
Arterial Occlusive Diseases
Vascular Diseases
Cardiovascular Diseases