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Pharmacokinetics of Two Extended-Release Formulations of Methylphenidate in Children With Attention Deficit Hyperactivity Disorder (ADHD) (MPH-Kinetics)

The safety and scientific validity of this study is the responsibility of the study sponsor and investigators. Listing a study does not mean it has been evaluated by the U.S. Federal Government. Read our disclaimer for details. Identifier: NCT00772161
Recruitment Status : Completed
First Posted : October 15, 2008
Last Update Posted : January 21, 2009
Information provided by:
University Hospital Freiburg

Brief Summary:

This study is designed to provide pharmacokinetic data for the assessment of bioequivalence of Ritalin LA formulation compared to Medikinet ret. concerning plasma levels and efficacy measures.

The primary objective of the study is to determine the pharmacokinetic parameters and bioequivalence of Ritalin LA compared to Medikinet retard, both given as oral o.d. doses of 20 mg over 7 days in children with ADHD. The secondary objectives are to assess the efficacy, safety and tolerability of Ritalin LA and Medikinet retard and the association of these parameters with plasma levels.

Condition or disease Intervention/treatment Phase
Attention Deficit Hyperactivity Disorder Drug: Methylphenidate Phase 1 Phase 2

Detailed Description:

Study Design

This is a single center, Phase I, prospective, randomized, single blind, two-treatment cross-over study. 24 patients will be enrolled. Study duration for each patient is approximately 4 weeks (from screening/inclusion). Based on the assumption of 5 months recruitment, the total study duration will be approximately 6 month.

Target Population

A number of 24 prepubertal boys aged 8 - 14 years with Diagnosis of ADHD according to DSM IV will be enrolled in this study to ensure that 18 subjects will complete all assessments. The prepuberal status will be determined by Tanner stages ≤ 2. Diagnosis will be confirmed by the K-SADS-PL.

Patients will only be allowed to enter the trial if subject and subject´s parents/legal guardians provide informed consent about participation (following full explanation of the trial) and a written informed consent document is signed. In addition, it has to be verified by a physician that the patient meets all of the Inclusion Criteria and none of the Exclusion Criteria.

Study Treatment

Study medications will be either Ritalin LA 20 mg or Medikinet ret. 20 mg. Patients with a pre-treatment of psychotropic drugs other than Methylphenidate will have an individual washout period before inclusion to the study. This individual washout period will last 5 elimination half-life of the taken drug.

After randomization the patients will enter a 2 week treatment phase with a crossover at day 8. Patients randomized to Sequence 1 will be treated with Ritalin LA for the first week (day 1 to day 7) and with Medikiniet ret. for the second week (day 8 to day 14); patients randomized to Sequence 2 will be treated with Medikinet ret. for the first week (day 1 to day 7) and with Ritalin LA for the second week (day 8 to day 14). The study population will be randomized equally to the Sequence 1 or Sequence 2 group at Visit 2. The study ends 5 weeks after enrollment of the last patient (total study end).

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Study Type : Interventional  (Clinical Trial)
Actual Enrollment : 24 participants
Allocation: Randomized
Intervention Model: Crossover Assignment
Masking: Single (Outcomes Assessor)
Primary Purpose: Treatment
Official Title: A Single-Center, Single-Blind, Randomized, Oral Dose Cross-Over Study in Prepuberal Boys With ADHD to Investigate Efficacy and Bioequivalence of 20 mg Ritalin LA Compared to 20 mg Medikinet Retard After Treatment With o.d. Doses Over 7 Days Each.
Study Start Date : October 2008
Actual Primary Completion Date : December 2008
Actual Study Completion Date : December 2008

Arm Intervention/treatment
Experimental: Sequence 1
First treatment week (day 1 to day 7) 20mg Ritalin LA; second treatment week (day 8 to day 14) 20mg Medikinet retard.
Drug: Methylphenidate
Comparison of two extended-release formulations of 20mg Methylphenidate in a cross-over design.
Other Names:
  • Ritalin LA
  • Medikinet retard

Experimental: Sequence 2
First treatment week (day 1 to day 7) 20mg Medikinet retard; second treatment week (day 8 to day 14) 20mg Ritalin LA.
Drug: Methylphenidate
Comparison of two extended-release formulations of 20mg Methylphenidate in a cross-over design.
Other Names:
  • Ritalin LA
  • Medikinet retard

Primary Outcome Measures :
  1. C-max: Concentration of the Peak in the Plasma Concentration Curve [ Time Frame: In Visit 3 (day 7) and Visit 4 (day 14): Repeated Assessment 1:00 h before and 0:30 h, 1:15 h, 2:15 h, 3:15 h, 4:15 h, 4:50 h, 5:30 h, 6:15 h, 8:00 h after medication intake ]
  2. AUC-(0-inf): Area under the plasma concentration versus time curve extrapolated to infinity time [ Time Frame: In Visit 3 (day 7) and Visit 4 (day 14): Repeated Assessment 1:00 h before and 0:30 h, 1:15 h, 2:15 h, 3:15 h, 4:15 h, 4:50 h, 5:30 h, 6:15 h, 8:00 h after medication intake ]

Secondary Outcome Measures :
  1. Efficacy measure: SKAMP Combined rating, SKAMP-Attention subscale, SKAMP-Deportment subscale in a laboratory classroom setting. [ Time Frame: In Visit 3 (day 7) and Visit 4 (day 14): Repeated Assessment at 0:25 h before and 0:50 h, 1:50 h, 2:50 h, 3:50 h, 5:50 h, 7:20 h after medication intake ]
  2. Efficacy measure: Nisonger Child Behavior Rating Form - typical IQ Version (NCBRF-TIQ)from the primary caregiver. [ Time Frame: Visite 2 ( Baseline, day 0), Visit 3 (day 7), Visit 4 (day 14) ]
  3. Clinical Global Impressions - Severity of Illness scale (CGI-S) and Clinical Global Impressions - Improvement scale (CGI-I) by a child & adolescent psychiatrist [ Time Frame: Visite 2 ( Baseline, day 0), Visit 3 (day 7), Visit 4 (day 14) ]
  4. Assessment of Adverse Events [ Time Frame: Visite 2 (Baseline, day 0), Visit 3 (day 7) and Visit 4 (day 14) ]

Information from the National Library of Medicine

Choosing to participate in a study is an important personal decision. Talk with your doctor and family members or friends about deciding to join a study. To learn more about this study, you or your doctor may contact the study research staff using the contacts provided below. For general information, Learn About Clinical Studies.

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Ages Eligible for Study:   8 Years to 14 Years   (Child)
Sexes Eligible for Study:   Male
Accepts Healthy Volunteers:   No

Inclusion Criteria:

  • The patient and the parents/authorized legal representatives must understand the nature of the study and be able to comply with protocol requirements.
  • Male patients aged 8-14 with Tanner stages 0 to 2 and a BMI between the 10th and 90th age percentile
  • Patients having a diagnosis of ADHD of any type according to DSM-IV criteria, as established by history, psychiatric examination and a structured diagnostic interview (Kiddie-SADS-Present and Lifetime Version)
  • Patients, whose symptoms are adequately controlled by a stable and well-tolerated dose of immediate release methylphenidate equivalent of 15 mg to 30 mg for at least one month before screening.
  • Patients with parents or a legal guardian, who will give written informed consent for the child to participate in the study. Additionally, assent to participate must be obtained from all children entering the study. Assent will be documented by the child's signature on the consent form.
  • Health status: Patients must have no clinically significant diseases or clinically significant abnormal laboratory values as assessed during medical history and physical exam.
  • Patients meeting minimum intelligence requirements: In the opinion of the investigator the patient must generally be functioning at age-appropriate levels academically, which should take into account any prior cognitive or academic testing (basic knowledge of reading, writing and calculating).
  • Patients already receiving behavioral therapies for ADHD may continue to do so during the course of the trial.

Exclusion Criteria:

  • Patients with co-morbid psychiatric conditions with symptoms requiring current pharmacological treatment (e.g. major depression, psychosis).
  • Patients with co-morbid psychiatric or somatic conditions that may contraindicate treatment or confound efficacy or safety assessments.
  • Patients who are taking any concomitant medications likely to interfere with the study drug or confound efficacy or safety assessments, e.g. Tricyclic antidepressants, SSRIs except Fluoxetine, bupropion, clonidine, buspirone 2 weeks before randomization; Atomoxetine 2 weeks before randomization; Fluoxetine or antipsychotics 1 month before randomization; Pemoline and amphetamines 1 week before randomization.
  • Patients with a known non-response to methylphenidate.
  • History of hypersensitivity to any of the study drugs or to drugs with similar chemical structures.
  • Patients who are judged by the investigator as likely to be non-compliant with study procedures, including those with a suspected history of substance abuse, or patients living with a person diagnosed with a substance abuse disorder.
  • Use of other investigational drugs at the time of enrollment, or within 30 days or 5 half-lives of enrollment, whichever is longer
  • Patients with warnings, mentioned in the German Basic Prescribing Information of Ritalin LA (SmPC in the current version) or Medikinet retard (SmPC in the current version): anorexia, severe depression, anxiety disorder, Gilles de la Tourette-Syndrome, other tic disorder, hypertension, occlusive arterial diseases, severe stenocardia, tachycardiac arrhythmia, stroke, hyperthyroidism, increased intra-ocular pressure, hypertrophy of the prostate, known hypersensitivity to sympathomimetics, MAO-inhibitors.
  • Patients with a history of seizure disorder.
  • History of malignancy of any organ system, treated or untreated, within the past 5 years whether or not there is evidence of local recurrence or metastases, with the exception of localized basal cell carcinoma of the skin.

Information from the National Library of Medicine

To learn more about this study, you or your doctor may contact the study research staff using the contact information provided by the sponsor.

Please refer to this study by its identifier (NCT number): NCT00772161

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University Hospital Freiburg, Dep. for Child & Adolescent Psychiatry
Freiburg, Germany, D-79104
Sponsors and Collaborators
University Hospital Freiburg
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Study Director: Christian Fleischhaker, MD Universitätsklinikum Freiburg
Principal Investigator: Eberhard Schulz, Prof. Dr. Universitätsklinikum Freiburg
Study Chair: Klaus Hennighausen, MD University Hospital Freiburg, Dep. for Child & Adoslecent Psychiatry

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Responsible Party: Prof. Dr. med. Eberhard Schulz, Universitätsklinik Freiburg Identifier: NCT00772161     History of Changes
Other Study ID Numbers: CRIT124DDE03
EudraCT Number: 2008-000227-25
First Posted: October 15, 2008    Key Record Dates
Last Update Posted: January 21, 2009
Last Verified: January 2009
Keywords provided by University Hospital Freiburg:
Attention Deficit Disorder
Attention Deficit an Disruptive Behavior Disorders
Central Nervous System Stimulants
Area Under Curve
Therapeutic Equivalency
Additional relevant MeSH terms:
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Attention Deficit Disorder with Hyperactivity
Pathologic Processes
Attention Deficit and Disruptive Behavior Disorders
Neurodevelopmental Disorders
Mental Disorders
Neurologic Manifestations
Nervous System Diseases
Signs and Symptoms
Central Nervous System Stimulants
Physiological Effects of Drugs
Dopamine Uptake Inhibitors
Neurotransmitter Uptake Inhibitors
Membrane Transport Modulators
Molecular Mechanisms of Pharmacological Action
Dopamine Agents
Neurotransmitter Agents