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PET Scan Imaging of Beta Cell Mass

The safety and scientific validity of this study is the responsibility of the study sponsor and investigators. Listing a study does not mean it has been evaluated by the U.S. Federal Government. Read our disclaimer for details. Identifier: NCT00771576
Recruitment Status : Completed
First Posted : October 13, 2008
Last Update Posted : July 18, 2017
Information provided by (Responsible Party):
Columbia University

Brief Summary:
The investigators hypothesize that PET scans will be able to differentiate between normal, reduced or increased BCM in human subjects. Subjects with normal BCM will be recruited from among normal weight nondiabetic people with plasma insulin levels within the normal range. Subjects with predicted reduced BCM will be recruited from among patients with T1DM who have with low or not measurable insulin levels. If results from the nondiabetic subjects and the subjects with T1DM are found to differ significantly, subjects with increased BCM will be recruited from among patients with hyperinsulinemia including those with obesity and the metabolic syndrome. PET scan measurements of the pancreas will be obtained and compared in people predicted, on the basis of biochemical testing, to have normal or reduced, or increased BCM.

Condition or disease
Type 1 Diabetes Obesity

Detailed Description:

An important determinant of progression to diabetes is beta cell mass (BCM). Measurement of plasma insulin has been used as a surrogate marker but insulin levels often do not correlate well with beta cell mass and development of means to assess BCM would provide an important endpoint. For example, high-risk individuals could be monitored prior to onset of diabetes or patients could be monitored prospectively to determine the progression of their disease and response to therapy.

Both Type 1 diabetes mellitus (T1DM) and Type 2 diabetes mellitus (T2DM) develop when there is impaired insulin production. The amount of insulin that can be produced, the amount of insulin producing beta cells in the pancreas and level of insulin and glucose in the blood are, however, imperfectly correlated. The development of a reliable method to noninvasively quantitate the beta cell mass (BCM) would be of great benefit by providing an important endpoint for the development of new treatments of T1DM and T2DM. The investigators have previously identified a specific marker on islet cells called vesicular monoamine transporter 2 (VMAT2) that they now propose to use in positron emission tomography (PET) scanning to determine islet cell mass. This radioligand, [11C] Dihydrotetrabenazine (DTBZ), has been used previously in human subjects in clinical trials evaluating PET scanning of the brain in patients with bipolar illness and schizophrenia compared to healthy control subjects.

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Study Type : Observational
Actual Enrollment : 30 participants
Observational Model: Other
Time Perspective: Retrospective
Official Title: PET Scan Imaging of Pancreatic Beta Cell Mass With DTBZ
Study Start Date : September 2006
Actual Primary Completion Date : September 2008
Actual Study Completion Date : June 13, 2012

Resource links provided by the National Library of Medicine

MedlinePlus related topics: Nuclear Scans

A. Healthy Controls
subjects w/ predicted normal BCM (healthy, normalweight, nondiabetic individuals who have stimulated insulin and cpeptide levels within the normal range);
B. Longstanding T1D
subjects with predicted reduced beta cell mass (subjects with established T1DM who have low or not measurable stimulated insulin and c peptide levels);
C. Obese Subjects
subjects with predicted increased beta cell mass (euglycemic obese subjects with fasting hyperinsulinemia).

Primary Outcome Measures :
  1. Pancreas [11C] DTBZ binding [ Time Frame: Once ]

Biospecimen Retention:   None Retained

Information from the National Library of Medicine

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Ages Eligible for Study:   18 Years to 45 Years   (Adult)
Sexes Eligible for Study:   All
Accepts Healthy Volunteers:   Yes
Sampling Method:   Non-Probability Sample
Study Population
Potential subjects with diabetes will be recruited from among the patients cared for at the Naomi Berrie Diabetes Center. Nondiabetic subjects will either be referred by their physicians or by word of mouth. Primary care physicians will be made aware of the study by fliers.

Inclusion Criteria:

Potential participants must meet all of the following inclusion criteria:

  1. Informed consent obtained from participants
  2. Age 18-45 years
  3. Healthy non-diabetic subjects will have normal fasting blood sugar (<100 mg/dl), body mass index (BMI) 18.5-24.9, no history of type 2 diabetes in first degree relative
  4. Type 1 diabetes defined by: American Diabetes Association (ADA) criteria or judgment of physician; diabetes onset younger than age 18, duration >5 - years, BMI 18.5-24.9. Insulin dose <0.8 units/kg/day. Fasting c-peptide < 0.1 ng/ml
  5. Obese hyper-insulinemic subjects will have BMI > 30 and fasting insulin>20 and c-peptide> 4.6 ng/ml and normal fasting blood sugar <100 mg/dl.
  6. Able to tolerate PET imaging: not claustrophobic, able to lie supine for 1.5 hours
  7. Normal liver and renal function tests including normal spot urine microalbumin /creatinine; normal CBC including hematocrit >31.8% in women, >36.7% in men, white blood cell (WBC) count >3.4 K/mm3 and platelet count >162 K/mm3
  8. Adequate collateral circulation in the wrist as assessed by Allen Test.

Exclusion Criteria:

Potential participants must not have any of the following exclusion criteria:

  1. Previous or current treatment with drugs influencing beta cell function or insulin sensitivity (e.g. oral hypoglycemic agents, glucocorticoids); or with antipsychotic, antianxiety, or antidepressant medications (eg monoamine oxidase (MAO) inhibitors, 5-hydroxytryptamine (5-HT) inhibitors, tricyclic antidepressants); or treatment with reserpine; or treatment with beta2receptor agonists (eg, terbutaline); or treatment with anticoagulant medication.
  2. History of movement disorder such as Parkinson's Disease or Huntington's Disease
  3. History of or psychiatric illness such as depression, bipolar disease, anxiety or schizophrenia.
  4. If a female of childbearing age, currently pregnant, breastfeeding or not using a form of birth control
  5. Previous or current use of cocaine, methamphetamine, ecstasy
  6. Current daily intake of caffeine >500 mg/day (>45 cups of coffee; >10 12oz cans of soda)
  7. Current history of cigarette smoking
  8. Consumption of more than 1 alcoholic drink per day
  9. Evidence of chronic infection
  10. History of malignancy
  11. Any prior participation in other research protocols within the past year that involve radiation, with the exception of plain radiography studies (i.e., chest xrays).
  12. Medical implant

Information from the National Library of Medicine

To learn more about this study, you or your doctor may contact the study research staff using the contact information provided by the sponsor.

Please refer to this study by its identifier (NCT number): NCT00771576

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United States, New York
Naomi Berrie Diabetes Cener
New York, New York, United States, 10032
Kreitchman PET Center Columbia University Medical Center
New York, New York, United States, 19932
Sponsors and Collaborators
Columbia University
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Study Director: PAUL E HARRIS, Ph.D. Columbia University
Principal Investigator: Robin S Goland, M.D. Columbia University
Principal Investigator: Ronald Van Heertum, M.D. Columbia University

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Responsible Party: Columbia University Identifier: NCT00771576     History of Changes
Other Study ID Numbers: AAAB0002
First Posted: October 13, 2008    Key Record Dates
Last Update Posted: July 18, 2017
Last Verified: July 2017

Keywords provided by Columbia University:
Diabetes Mellitus

Additional relevant MeSH terms:
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Diabetes Mellitus, Type 1
Diabetes Mellitus
Glucose Metabolism Disorders
Metabolic Diseases
Endocrine System Diseases
Autoimmune Diseases
Immune System Diseases