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Sinusitis and Facial Pain Disorders Anti-Depression Trial (SFPAT)

The safety and scientific validity of this study is the responsibility of the study sponsor and investigators. Listing a study does not mean it has been evaluated by the U.S. Federal Government. Read our disclaimer for details. Identifier: NCT00754793
Recruitment Status : Terminated (poor recruitment)
First Posted : September 18, 2008
Results First Posted : August 3, 2012
Last Update Posted : January 17, 2014
National Institutes of Health (NIH)
Forest Laboratories
Information provided by (Responsible Party):
Greg Davis, University of Washington

Brief Summary:

The study hypothesis is that the addition of an antidepressant to the standard treatment regimen in patients with both chronic sinusitis and depression or facial pain disorders and depression will decrease the report of chronic sinusitis or facial pain symptom severity.

This is a stratified, randomized, double-blind, placebo-controlled study using the drug escitalopram for the treatment of depression in patients experiencing depression and chronic sinusitis or depression and facial pain disorders.

It is a 12-week study. Subjects will have a screening visit and then be followed up by phone weekly for four weeks and bi-weekly for 8 weeks.

Condition or disease Intervention/treatment Phase
Chronic Sinusitis Facial Pain Disorder Depression Drug: escitalopram Drug: placebo Phase 4

Detailed Description:

All patients presenting to the University of Washington Medical Center Sinus Clinic are screened for depression with the PHQ-9 as a standard of care in their evaluation, as well as a physical examination, nasal endoscopy, and CT scan. Those patients who meet diagnostic criteria for CRS and for major depression will then be treated with three weeks of maximal medical therapy. Maximal medical therapy includes three weeks of a second-line antibiotic (such as Augmentin, azithromycin, or a fluoroquinolone), possible oral steroids based on the presence of inflammation or polyps in the sinuses, and nasal saline irrigations. They will then follow up with Dr. Davis in one month from their initial evaluation. Those who still do not have significantly improved symptoms (considered medical failures) will be approached and introduced to the study by Dr. Davis's medical assistant and then referred to the research assistant for further discussion and offered enrollment and consent if entry criteria are met. Note that if patients present for their initial consultation and have received maximal medical therapy from the referring clinician within the past two months, then they will be approached for possible entry into the study at that time.

Patients presenting with complaints of facial discomfort will also be included. These people often present with subjective sinusitis-like symptoms that are not objectively supported by CT scan or endoscopy. These patients are referred to the Neurology Clinic and will be asked to defer their appt. for the duration of the study.

Both patients and clinician will be blinded to the drug assignment. Subjects will be stratified according to facial pain or chronic sinusitis and then randomization will be done by restricted block randomization. A letter will be sent to each patient's primary care provider explaining this trial and that their patient may be taking an anti-depressant or a placebo.

During the trial, the dose of escitalopram will start at 10mg per day for seven days followed by 20mg per day for fourteen days, then will be maintained or titrated up based on our study's titration protocol.

At the conclusion of three months of active drug, the patient will be given the opportunity to continue the medication through their primary care provider. A two week supply of the active anti-depressant will be available to buffer this transition for patient's randomized to escitalopram.

Data Collection Phase 0: Recruitment All patients who meet criteria of CRS and depression or facial pain and depression will be monitored to determine how many patients were excluded and for what reasons. This is imperative for Specific Aim 1, to collect the data necessary to eventually calculate sample size and recruitment times for a future definitive trial.

Phase I: Patient Baseline Initial clinical, radiographic, and co-morbid characteristics will be identified using questionnaires and a short personal interview (by the study research assistant) as described below immediately following the initial one-month follow-up visit with Dr. Davis

Phase II: Patient Follow-up Subjects will be followed closely with weekly phone calls from the research assistant for the first four weeks of the trial. During these events, the PHQ-9 will be administered and questions will be asked regarding adverse events and side effects. After this, subjects will be telephoned bi-weekly for the duration of the trial asking the same questions. In addition, at one month and three months after the initiation of the research drug, during the telephone interview, subjects will be administered four questionnaires: the SNOT-20, SF-12, PHQ-9, and the SCL-20. Chronic sinusitis subjects and facial pain subjects will complete identical forms as there is common symptom crossover.

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Study Type : Interventional  (Clinical Trial)
Actual Enrollment : 3 participants
Allocation: Randomized
Intervention Model: Single Group Assignment
Masking: Double (Participant, Investigator)
Primary Purpose: Treatment
Official Title: Sinusitis and Facial Pain Disorders Anti-Depression Trial
Study Start Date : January 2009
Actual Primary Completion Date : August 2010
Actual Study Completion Date : December 2012

Resource links provided by the National Library of Medicine

MedlinePlus related topics: Sinusitis

Arm Intervention/treatment
Active Comparator: 1
escitalopram 10mg - 30mg daily
Drug: escitalopram
10mg - 30mg daily titrated as tolerated over 12 weeks
Other Name: Lexapro (escitalopram)

Placebo Comparator: 2 Drug: placebo
inactive comparator; titrated as per protocol over 12 weeks

Primary Outcome Measures :
  1. Sino-Nasal Outcome Test-20 (SNOT-20) [ Time Frame: baseline, 1 month, 3 months ]

Information from the National Library of Medicine

Choosing to participate in a study is an important personal decision. Talk with your doctor and family members or friends about deciding to join a study. To learn more about this study, you or your doctor may contact the study research staff using the contacts provided below. For general information, Learn About Clinical Studies.

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Ages Eligible for Study:   18 Years and older   (Adult, Older Adult)
Sexes Eligible for Study:   All
Accepts Healthy Volunteers:   No

Inclusion Criteria:

  • meet diagnostic criteria for chronic sinusitis
  • meet diagnostic criteria for facial pain disorder
  • meet criteria for major depressive disorder on the PHQ-9
  • 18 years of age or older
  • established primary care provider
  • able to read and speak English

Exclusion Criteria:

  • unable to give informed consent of unable to complete self-administered questionnaires due to cognitive impairment, language barriers or severe medical condition
  • terminal illness or significantly immunocompromized
  • complications from chronic rhinosinusitis
  • presence of sinus tumor
  • isolated sphenoid disease
  • immotile cilia syndrome
  • currently on anti-depressant or mood stabilizer med.
  • diagnosis of bipolar disorder, schizophrenic disorders, paranoid disorders, or psychotic disorders NOS
  • significant suicide risk
  • history of hospitalization for mental disorders including psychosis or depression
  • history of drug abuse within prev. 6 months or dependency on any drug, including alcohol
  • pregnant or breast feeding
  • women of child-bearing potential not currently using an approved method of birth control

Information from the National Library of Medicine

To learn more about this study, you or your doctor may contact the study research staff using the contact information provided by the sponsor.

Please refer to this study by its identifier (NCT number): NCT00754793

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United States, Washington
University of Washington Medical Center
Seattle, Washington, United States, 98195
Sponsors and Collaborators
University of Washington
National Institutes of Health (NIH)
Forest Laboratories
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Principal Investigator: Greg E Davis, MD, MPH University of Washington
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Responsible Party: Greg Davis, Assistant Professor, University of Washington Identifier: NCT00754793    
Other Study ID Numbers: 33501-B
1KL2RR025015-01 (NIH)
1KL2RR025015-01 ( U.S. NIH Grant/Contract )
First Posted: September 18, 2008    Key Record Dates
Results First Posted: August 3, 2012
Last Update Posted: January 17, 2014
Last Verified: December 2013
Additional relevant MeSH terms:
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Facial Pain
Depressive Disorder
Somatoform Disorders
Pathologic Processes
Behavioral Symptoms
Mood Disorders
Mental Disorders
Disease Attributes
Paranasal Sinus Diseases
Nose Diseases
Respiratory Tract Diseases
Respiratory Tract Infections
Otorhinolaryngologic Diseases
Neurologic Manifestations
Serotonin Uptake Inhibitors
Neurotransmitter Uptake Inhibitors
Membrane Transport Modulators
Molecular Mechanisms of Pharmacological Action
Neurotransmitter Agents
Serotonin Agents
Physiological Effects of Drugs
Antidepressive Agents, Second-Generation
Antidepressive Agents
Psychotropic Drugs