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Efficacy and Tolerability of Ramelteon in Patients With Rapid Eye Movement (REM) Behavior Disorder and Parkinsonism

The safety and scientific validity of this study is the responsibility of the study sponsor and investigators. Listing a study does not mean it has been evaluated by the U.S. Federal Government. Read our disclaimer for details. Identifier: NCT00745030
Recruitment Status : Terminated (Low subject recruitment and enrollment.)
First Posted : September 1, 2008
Results First Posted : November 10, 2010
Last Update Posted : April 21, 2011
Information provided by:
Northwestern University

Brief Summary:

Parkinson's disease (PD) is the second most common neurodegenerative disorder of the elderly that affects a million patients in US. Sleep dysfunction impacts up to 90% of PD patients. PD patients experience a variety of sleep disorders including parasomnias, specifically REM behavior disorder (RBD) that can precede the onset of motor manifestations of PD. RBD has negative consequences on patients' and their bed partners' quality of life mainly due to its impact on the sleep quality and day time alertness. RBD also predisposes affected individuals and their bed partners to physical injuries.

There are no FDA approved treatments for RBD. Clonazepam is the most commonly used treatment but carries risks of daytime sedation, tolerance, and withdrawal symptoms. More recently, melatonin has been demonstrated to be effective in several small studies. Ramelteon, a selective melatonin receptor agonist with favorable safety profile, could potentially be effective for the treatment of RBD.

This pilot protocol will investigate safety and efficacy of ramelteon for the treatment of RBD in subjects with parkinsonism. We plan to recruit 20 subjects with RBD diagnosed based on the clinical interview and confirmed by the polysomnographic (PSG) data. The study is designed as a prospective randomized placebo controlled 12-week study. Primary outcome measure will be change in frequency of RBD events based on the daily sleep diaries. Secondary outcome measure will be change in the amount of tonic muscle activity based on the results of the baseline and final PSG. A number of other secondary and exploratory outcome measures will be collected

Condition or disease Intervention/treatment Phase
REM Behavior Disorder Parkinsonism Drug: Rozerem Drug: Placebo Not Applicable

Detailed Description:
See above.

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Study Type : Interventional  (Clinical Trial)
Actual Enrollment : 3 participants
Allocation: Randomized
Intervention Model: Parallel Assignment
Masking: Quadruple (Participant, Care Provider, Investigator, Outcomes Assessor)
Primary Purpose: Treatment
Official Title: Efficacy and Tolerability of Ramelteon in Patients With REM Behavior Disorder and Parkinsonism: A Placebo Controlled, Double Blind, Randomized, Prospective Pilot Study
Study Start Date : June 2008
Actual Primary Completion Date : December 2009
Actual Study Completion Date : December 2009

Arm Intervention/treatment
Experimental: 1
Ramelteon (TAK-375) 8mg tablets
Drug: Rozerem
Subjects take 1 8mg tablet 30 minutes before bedtime everyday for 8 weeks.
Other Names:
  • Ramelteon
  • TAK-375

Placebo Comparator: 2
Placebo 8 mg tablets
Drug: Placebo
Placebo 8 mg tablets

Primary Outcome Measures :
  1. Change in the Frequency of RBD Based on the Daily Sleep Diaries, Completed Daily for the Duration of the Study by the Study Subjects' Bed Partners/Caregivers [ Time Frame: 12 weeks ]

    Change in the frequency of RBD based on the daily sleep diaries, completed daily for the duration of the study by the study subjects' bed partners/caregivers.

    Data will not be analyzed. The protocol is being terminated due to low subject enrollment and recruitment.

Secondary Outcome Measures :
  1. Change in the Amount of Tonic Muscle Activity Based on the Results of the Baseline and Final Polysomnographic (PSG) Study [ Time Frame: 8 weeks ]
  2. Changes in Mean TST, LPS, WASO (Based on PSG) [ Time Frame: 8 weeks ]
  3. Changes in Clinician Global Impression Scale of Improvement (CGI-I) [ Time Frame: 10 weeks ]
  4. Changes in RBD Structured Questionnaire (Completed by Patient and Bed Partner) [ Time Frame: 12 weeks ]
  5. Changes in Patient Completed Parkinson's Disease Sleep Scale (PDSS)- the Only Validated PD Specific, Questionnaire-based, Sleep Evaluation Scale [ Time Frame: 12 weeks ]
  6. Changes in Patient Completed Epworth Sleepiness Scale (ESS) [ Time Frame: 12 weeks ]
  7. Changes in Beck Depression Inventory (BDI) [ Time Frame: 12 weeks ]
  8. Changes in Pittsburgh Sleep Quality Index (PSQI) (Patient Completed) [ Time Frame: 12 weeks ]
  9. Changes in Patient Completed The Fatigue Severity Scale (FSS) [ Time Frame: 12 weeks ]
  10. Changes in Patient Completed PDQ-39 Scale(PD-specific Quality of Life Scale) [ Time Frame: 12 weeks ]
  11. Changes in Physician Completed United Parkinson's Disease Rating Scale (UPDRS) [ Time Frame: 12 weeks ]
  12. Changes in Mini-Mental State Exam (MMSE) [ Time Frame: 12 weeks ]
  13. Changes in The Montreal Cognitive Assessment Scale (MoCA) [ Time Frame: 12 weeks ]
  14. Study Terminated Due to Low Subject Recruitment and Enrollment.
    Low subject recruitment and enrollment

Information from the National Library of Medicine

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Ages Eligible for Study:   Child, Adult, Older Adult
Sexes Eligible for Study:   All
Accepts Healthy Volunteers:   No

Inclusion Criteria:

  • Diagnosis of parkinsonism (idiopathic PD, multiple systems atrophy, Lewy body dementia)
  • RBD frequency of at least once per week based on the RBD screening clinical questionnaire
  • PSG evidence of RBD
  • Presence of bed partner/caregiver who sleeps in the same room as PD patient

Exclusion Criteria:

  • Known hypersensitivity to ramelteon or related compounds, including melatonin and melatonin-related compounds.
  • Use of hypnotics or other sedatives within a month prior to the study initiation
  • Presence of active psychosis
  • Use of neuroleptics, except for the atypical neuroleptics - specifically quetiapine (the dose should not exceed 50mg/day)
  • Use of antidepressants unless the patient has been on a stable dose for at least three months
  • Use of Venlafaxine (Effexor®)
  • Presence of cognitive impairment, defined as the Mini Mental Status Examination (MMSE) score <24
  • Presence of depression defined as the Beck Depression Inventory (BDI) score >14
  • Significant sleep disordered breathing (defined as an apnea-hypopnea index>15 events/hr of sleep on screening PSG), significant periodic limb movement disorder (defined as a PLM index>10 events/hr of sleep with awakening on screening PSG)
  • Travel through two time zones within a month prior to the study initiation

Information from the National Library of Medicine

To learn more about this study, you or your doctor may contact the study research staff using the contact information provided by the sponsor.

Please refer to this study by its identifier (NCT number): NCT00745030

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United States, Illinois
Northwestern University
Chicago, Illinois, United States, 60611
Sponsors and Collaborators
Northwestern University
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Principal Investigator: Tanya Simuni, M.D. Northwestern University, Department of Neurology
Study Director: Aleksandar Videnovic, M.D. Northwestern University, Department of Neurology


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Responsible Party: Tanya Simuni, MD, Northwestern University Identifier: NCT00745030     History of Changes
Other Study ID Numbers: 07-028R
First Posted: September 1, 2008    Key Record Dates
Results First Posted: November 10, 2010
Last Update Posted: April 21, 2011
Last Verified: April 2011
Keywords provided by Northwestern University:
Parkinson's disease
Multiple Systems Atrophy
Lewy Body Dementia
Additional relevant MeSH terms:
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Brain Diseases
Parkinsonian Disorders
REM Sleep Behavior Disorder
Mental Disorders
Pathologic Processes
Basal Ganglia Diseases
Central Nervous System Diseases
Nervous System Diseases
Movement Disorders
REM Sleep Parasomnias
Sleep Wake Disorders