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Evaluation of Software Enhancements to the Respironics BiPAP Auto Servo Ventilation (AutoSV) Device (AUTOSV3)

The safety and scientific validity of this study is the responsibility of the study sponsor and investigators. Listing a study does not mean it has been evaluated by the U.S. Federal Government. Read our disclaimer for details.
 
ClinicalTrials.gov Identifier: NCT00720213
Recruitment Status : Completed
First Posted : July 22, 2008
Results First Posted : January 29, 2019
Last Update Posted : January 29, 2019
Sponsor:
Information provided by (Responsible Party):
Philips Respironics

Brief Summary:
This study is being undertaken to collect data from Respironics Inc's BiPAP Auto Servo Ventilation 3 (autoSV3) and compare with data from Respironics, Inc's BiPAP autoSV2, to confirm that the algorithms in the BiPAP autoSV3 device can safely and effectively treat participants experiencing Complex Sleep Apneas (Comp SAS) no worse than its predecessor, the BiPAP auto Servo ventilation 2 (autoSV2) device. This will be determined using a comparative, randomized design with the participants blinded to the therapy. Additionally, attempts will be made to blind the central scorer(s) with respect to which device is in use.

Condition or disease Intervention/treatment Phase
Sleep Disordered Breathing Sleep Apnea, Central Device: Respironics BiPAP autoSV2 Device: Respironics BiPAP autoSV3 Not Applicable

Detailed Description:

This study was conducted to evaluate the therapeutic performance of a new auto Servo Ventilation device (Philips Respironics autoSV Advanced) for the treatment of complex central sleep apnea (CompSA). The features of autoSV Advanced include an automatic expiratory pressure (EPAP) adjustment, an advanced algorithm for distinguishing open versus obstructed airway apnea, a modified auto backup rate which is proportional to subject's baseline breathing rate, and a variable inspiratory support. Our primary aim was to compare the performance of the advanced servo-ventilator (BiPAP autoSV Advanced) with conventional servo-ventilator (BiPAP autoSV) in treating central sleep apnea (CSA).

Study Design: A prospective, multicenter, randomized, controlled trial.

Setting: Five sleep laboratories in the United States.

Participants: Thirty-seven participants were included.

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Study Type : Interventional  (Clinical Trial)
Actual Enrollment : 44 participants
Allocation: Randomized
Intervention Model: Crossover Assignment
Masking: Single (Participant)
Primary Purpose: Treatment
Official Title: Evaluation of Software Enhancements to the Respironics BiPAP autoSV Device
Study Start Date : August 2008
Actual Primary Completion Date : July 2009
Actual Study Completion Date : July 2009

Arm Intervention/treatment
Active Comparator: Respironics BiPAP autoSV2, Then Respironics BiPAP autoSV3
Participants will be randomized to receive Respironics BiPAP autoSV2 first and Respironics BiPAP autoSV3 second.
Device: Respironics BiPAP autoSV2
Respironics BiPAP autoSV2 is an Auto Servo Ventilation Device. This will be used on a randomized night.

Device: Respironics BiPAP autoSV3
Respironics BiPAP autoSV3 is an Auto Servo Ventilation Device. This will be used on a randomized night.
Other Name: Respironics BiPAP autoSV3 advanced

Experimental: Respironics BiPAP autoSV3, then Respironics BiPAP autoSV2
Participants will be randomized to receive Respironics BiPAP autoSV3 first and Respironics BiPAP autoSV2.
Device: Respironics BiPAP autoSV2
Respironics BiPAP autoSV2 is an Auto Servo Ventilation Device. This will be used on a randomized night.

Device: Respironics BiPAP autoSV3
Respironics BiPAP autoSV3 is an Auto Servo Ventilation Device. This will be used on a randomized night.
Other Name: Respironics BiPAP autoSV3 advanced




Primary Outcome Measures :
  1. Apnea Hypopnea Index [ Time Frame: 2 nights ]

    The number of apneas and hypopneas per hour of sleep. Apneas are the cessation of airflow at the nostrils and mouth for at least 10 seconds as determined using nasal-oral thermistor or device flow. Hypopneas is shallow breathing in which the air flow in and out of the airway is significantly reduced as detected by nasal pressure or device flow - often associated with oxygen desaturation of 4% or EEG arousal.

    A central sleep scorer was utilized to review of the overnight PSGs and count the number of apneas and hyopneas per hour. The index is the average number for apneas+hyopneas per hour.



Secondary Outcome Measures :
  1. Apnea Hypopnea Index- REM and NREM [ Time Frame: 2 nights ]

    The number of apneas and hypopneas per hour of sleep while in REM (rapid eye movement) and in NREM (non-rapid eye movement)

    A central sleep scorer was utilized to review of the overnight PSGs and count the number of apneas and hyopneas per hour while in REM vs. NREM.


  2. Central Apnea Index [ Time Frame: 2 nights ]

    The number of central apneas divided by the number of hours of sleep. Central apneas are the cessation of airflow at the nostrils and mouth for at least 10 seconds that is associated with the absence of inspiratory effort.

    A central sleep scorer was utilized to review of the overnight PSGs and count the number of central apneas per hour.


  3. Obstructive Apnea Index [ Time Frame: 2 nights ]

    Obstructive sleep apnea (OSA) is the most common type of sleep apnea and is caused by complete or partial obstructions of the upper airway.

    A central sleep scorer was utilized to review of the overnight PSGs and count the number of obstructive apneas per hour.


  4. Mixed Apnea Index [ Time Frame: 2 nights ]

    Mixed sleep apnea is a combination of both obstructive and central sleep apnea symptoms

    A central sleep scorer was utilized to review of the overnight PSGs and count the number of mixed apneas per hour.


  5. Hypopnea Index [ Time Frame: 2 nights ]

    Hypopneas are characterized by shallow breathing in which the air flow in and out of the airway is significantly reduced as detected by nasal pressure or device flow - often associated with oxygen desaturation of 4% or EEG arousal.

    A central sleep scorer was utilized to review of the overnight PSGs and count the number of hyopneas per hour.


  6. Sleep Onset Latency [ Time Frame: 2 nights ]
    Sleep onset latency is the length of time that it takes to accomplish the transition from full wakefulness to sleep, normally to the lightest of the non-REM sleep stages. This found by reviewing the number of minutes in the PSG it took from lights off until the lightest non-REM sleep.

  7. Rapid Eye Movement (REM) Onset Latency [ Time Frame: 2 nights ]
    Rapid eye movement latency is the time from the sleep onset to the first epoch of REM sleep; therefore, it depends on the patient's sleep latency.

  8. Wake After Sleep Onset [ Time Frame: 2 nights ]
    Wake after sleep onset refers to periods of wakefulness occurring after defined sleep onset. This was calculated by adding the total number of minutes the participant was awake after sleep onset.

  9. Total Sleep Time [ Time Frame: 2 nights ]
    Total sleep time is the total time the participant was asleep after sleep onset. This is calculated by adding the total number of minutes the participant was asleep during the night after sleep onset.

  10. Sleep Efficiency [ Time Frame: 2 nights ]
    Sleep efficiency is a measure of how much a participant slept over the night. This is calculated by comparing the total sleep time and the total recording time * 100.

  11. Stages N1,N2,N3 (NREM), and REM (R) Sleep (in Minutes)REM, NREM and Total Sleep Time. [ Time Frame: 2 nights ]
    These measures are the amount of time patients spent in each stage of sleep in minutes.

  12. Wake (W), Stages N1,N2,N3 (NREM), and REM (R) Sleep (% TST) [ Time Frame: 2 nights ]
  13. Arousal Index [Total, Apnea Hypopnea (AH)-Related, Periodic Limb Movement (PLM)-Related, 'Spontaneous'] [ Time Frame: 2 nights ]
    The number of arousals and awakenings is registered in the study, and reported as a total number and as a frequency per hour of sleep, which is referred to as an index. The higher the arousal index, the more tired you are likely to feel, though people vary in their tolerance of sleep disruptions.

  14. Nocturnal Oxygenation (Measured by Continuous Pulse Oximetry During Sleep Study) [ Time Frame: 2 nights ]
    Measure of oxygen saturation as measured by a pulse oximetry over the course of the night.

  15. Apnea Hypopnea Index (REM, NREM and TST) Using Modified Hypopnea Rule. [ Time Frame: 2 nights ]
    This is the measure of the Apnea Hypopnea Index as measured by using a modified hypopnea rule. The modified hypopnea rule is a scoring change when AHI changes due to central vs obstructive apneas.

  16. Apnea Hypopnea Index(REM, NREM and TST) During Epochs for Which Leak is Determined to Exist Within Acceptable Limits. [ Time Frame: 2 nights ]
    The AHI during epochs for which leak is determined to exist within acceptable limits occurs is the same calculation during AHI is normally calculated just in a 30 second (epoch) time period.



Information from the National Library of Medicine

Choosing to participate in a study is an important personal decision. Talk with your doctor and family members or friends about deciding to join a study. To learn more about this study, you or your doctor may contact the study research staff using the contacts provided below. For general information, Learn About Clinical Studies.


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Ages Eligible for Study:   21 Years to 80 Years   (Adult, Older Adult)
Sexes Eligible for Study:   All
Accepts Healthy Volunteers:   Yes
Criteria

Inclusion Criteria:

Pre-Study Inclusion Criteria:

  • Age 21-80
  • Ability to provide consent
  • Documentation of medical stability by investigator

Enrollment Inclusion Criteria:

• Participants who, during the ambulatory polysomnography (PSG) study (Stardust), or in lab Diagnostic PSG demonstrated an Apnea Hypopnea Index (AHI) ≥10 or Central Apnea Index (CAI) ≥5

or

• Participants who previously demonstrated Central sleep Apnea (CSA), with a CAI≥5 on Continuous Positive Airway Pressure (CPAP) titration.

Exclusion Criteria:

  • • Participants who are acutely ill, medically complicated or who are medically unstable.

    • Pregnancy (will confirm absence of pregnancy with a urine or serum pregnancy test in women of child bearing potential).
    • Participants in whom PAP therapy is otherwise medically contraindicated.
    • Participants who are unwilling to wear CPAP
    • Participants who are currently prescribed nocturnal oxygen use and are unable to forego oxygen during study nights.
    • Participants with previously diagnosed respiratory failure or respiratory insufficiency and who are known to have chronically elevated arterial carbon dioxide levels while awake (PaCO2 ≥ 45mmHg).
    • Participants who have had surgery of the upper airway, nose, sinus, or middle ear within the previous 90 days.
    • Participants with untreated, non- Obstructive Sleep Apnea (OSA)/CSA sleep disorders, including but not limited to; insomnia, periodic limb movement syndrome, or restless legs syndrome (PLM Arousal Index > 15).
    • Participants who are unwilling to participate in the study.

Information from the National Library of Medicine

To learn more about this study, you or your doctor may contact the study research staff using the contact information provided by the sponsor.

Please refer to this study by its ClinicalTrials.gov identifier (NCT number): NCT00720213


Locations
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United States, Arizona
University of Arizona
Tucson, Arizona, United States, 85724
United States, Arkansas
Arkansas Center for Sleep Medicine
Little Rock, Arkansas, United States, 72205
United States, Michigan
Mark G. Goetting
Portage, Michigan, United States, 49024
United States, Ohio
Ohio State University
Columbus, Ohio, United States, 43210
Sleepcare Diagnostics
Mason, Ohio, United States, 45040
Sponsors and Collaborators
Philips Respironics
Investigators
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Principal Investigator: Jamie Goodwin University of Arizona
Principal Investigator: Shahrokh Javaheri, MD Sleepcare Diagnostics
Principal Investigator: Rami Khayat, MD Ohio State Univercity
Principal Investigator: Mark Goetting, MD Sleep Health
Principal Investigator: Paul Wylie, MD Arkansas Center for Sleep Medicine
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Responsible Party: Philips Respironics
ClinicalTrials.gov Identifier: NCT00720213    
Other Study ID Numbers: MR-0731-ASV3-MS
First Posted: July 22, 2008    Key Record Dates
Results First Posted: January 29, 2019
Last Update Posted: January 29, 2019
Last Verified: January 2019
Additional relevant MeSH terms:
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Sleep Apnea Syndromes
Sleep Apnea, Central
Apnea
Respiration Disorders
Respiratory Tract Diseases
Sleep Disorders, Intrinsic
Dyssomnias
Sleep Wake Disorders
Nervous System Diseases