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Sorafenib, Pemetrexed, and Cisplatin in Treating Patients With Advanced Solid Tumors

The safety and scientific validity of this study is the responsibility of the study sponsor and investigators. Listing a study does not mean it has been evaluated by the U.S. Federal Government. Read our disclaimer for details. Identifier: NCT00703638
Recruitment Status : Completed
First Posted : June 23, 2008
Last Update Posted : November 29, 2017
Information provided by (Responsible Party):
Masonic Cancer Center, University of Minnesota

Brief Summary:

RATIONALE: Sorafenib and pemetrexed may stop the growth of tumor cells by blocking some of the enzymes needed for cell growth. Sorafenib may also stop the growth of tumor cells by blocking blood flow to the tumor. Drugs used in chemotherapy, such as cisplatin, work in different ways to stop the growth of tumor cells, either by killing the cells or by stopping them from dividing. Giving sorafenib together with pemetrexed and cisplatin may kill more tumor cells.

PURPOSE: This phase I trial is studying the side effects and best dose of sorafenib when given together with pemetrexed and cisplatin in treating patients with advanced solid tumors.

Condition or disease Intervention/treatment Phase
Breast Cancer Colorectal Cancer Head and Neck Cancer Lung Cancer Mesothelioma Pancreatic Cancer Prostate Cancer Sarcoma Drug: cisplatin Drug: pemetrexed disodium Drug: sorafenib Phase 1

Detailed Description:



  • To determine the maximum tolerated dose of sorafenib tosylate when given in combination with pemetrexed disodium and cisplatin in patients with advanced non-squamous cell solid tumor malignancy including, but not limited to, breast, lung, colon, pancreatic, prostate, or head and neck cancer or sarcoma.


  • To characterize the quantitative and qualitative toxicities of this regimen in these patients.
  • To obtain preliminary information about the antitumor activity of this regimen in these patients.

OUTLINE: This is a dose-escalation study of sorafenib tosylate.

Patients receive oral sorafenib tosylate once daily on days 1-21 and cisplatin IV over 1-2 hours and pemetrexed disodium IV over 10 minutes on day 1. Courses repeat every 21 days in the absence of disease progression or unacceptable toxicity.

After completion of study treatment, patients are followed at 30 days, every 8 weeks until disease progression, and then every 3 months for up to 6 months.

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Study Type : Interventional  (Clinical Trial)
Actual Enrollment : 16 participants
Allocation: N/A
Intervention Model: Single Group Assignment
Masking: None (Open Label)
Primary Purpose: Treatment
Official Title: Phase I Study of Sorafenib, Pemetrexed, and Cisplatin for the Treatment of Advanced Solid Tumors.
Study Start Date : May 2008
Actual Primary Completion Date : September 2010
Actual Study Completion Date : November 2010

Arm Intervention/treatment
Experimental: Sorafenib/Pemetrexed/Cisplatin
Patients receiving a dose escalation scheme of daily oral sorafenib (200 mg or 400 mg bid) when given in combination with fixed dose intravenous pemetrexed and cisplatin for the treatment of solid tumors.
Drug: cisplatin
Cisplatin administered intravenously, 75 mg/m^2 over 1-2 hours on day 1 of a 21 day cycle
Other Names:
  • CDDP
  • Platinol

Drug: pemetrexed disodium
Pemetrexed 500 mg/m^2 intravenously (IV) will be given as a 10-minute intravenous infusion (after cisplatin) on day 1 of a 21 day cycle
Other Names:
  • Alimta
  • MTA
  • LY231514

Drug: sorafenib
daily oral sorafenib (200 mg or 400 mg bid)
Other Names:
  • BAY 43-9006 tosylate
  • NSC 724772

Primary Outcome Measures :
  1. Maximum tolerated dose of sorafenib tosylate [ Time Frame: From first dose to toxicity event ]
    This dose level is declared to be above the maximum tolerated dose (MTD) and dose escalation is stopped. Declare the next lower dose the MTD if 6 patients have already been treated at that dose.

Secondary Outcome Measures :
  1. Disease Response [ Time Frame: At 6- 8 weeks ]

    Each patient will be assigned one of the following Response Evaluation Criteria in Solid Tumors (RECIST) categories:

    • complete response;
    • partial response;
    • stable disease;
    • progressive disease;
    • early death from malignant disease;
    • unknown (insufficient evaluation to determine response status).

  2. Maximum, Minimum and AUC Concentrations of Sorafenib [ Time Frame: Day 1 to Day 8 ]
    Maximum and minimum serum concentrations and area under the concentration time curve (AUC) for sorafenib will be predicted using standard pharmacokinetic software

Information from the National Library of Medicine

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Ages Eligible for Study:   18 Years and older   (Adult, Older Adult)
Sexes Eligible for Study:   All
Accepts Healthy Volunteers:   No

Inclusion criteria:

  • Histologic or cytologic diagnosis of advanced non-hematologic malignancy (except squamous cell of the lung) including, but not limited to breast, lung, colon, pancreatic, prostate, head and neck, or sarcoma
  • Must have failed or become intolerant to prior standard therapy and is no longer likely to respond to such therapy except for patients diagnosed with mesothelioma. Mesothelioma patients may be enrolled with no prior therapy requirements since cisplatin and pemetrexed in combination is the current standard of care 1st line therapy.
  • At least 21 days must have passed from previous systemic therapy (at least 6 weeks for prior bevacizumab) and the patient must have recovered from the all toxic effects of previous treatment prior to study enrollment. Prior treatment with cisplatin and/or pemetrexed is allowed, but at least 3 months must have passed since the last dose. Prior treatment with sorafenib is not allowed.
  • Prior radiation therapy is allowed except to the whole pelvis. At least 14 days from last radiation therapy treatment and must have recovered from the acute toxic effects prior to study enrollment.
  • Measurable or non-measurable disease as defined by Response Evaluation Criteria in Solid Tumors (RECIST) criteria
  • Eastern Cooperative Oncology Group (ECOG) Performance status of 0 to 2
  • 18 years of age and older
  • Adequate organ function within 7 days of study enrollment including the following:

    • Adequate bone marrow reserve: absolute neutrophil count (ANC) ≥ 1.5 x 10^9/L; platelets ≥100 x 10^9/L; hemoglobin ≥ 9 g/dL
    • Hepatic: bilirubin ≤1.5 times the upper limit of normal (× ULN); alkaline phosphatase (ALP), aspartate transaminase (AST) and alanine transaminase (ALT) ≤ 3.0 × ULN (ALP, AST, and ALT ≤ 5× ULN is acceptable if liver has tumor involvement)
    • Renal: serum creatinine ≤ 1.5 and calculated creatinine clearance > 45.

The creatinine clearance is determined by the Cockcroft-Gault formula:

  • Males: cr cl (mL)/min) = weight (kg) x (140-age)divided by 72 x serum creatinine (mg/dL)
  • Females: cr cl (mL)/min) = weight (kg) x (140-age) x 0.85 divided by 72 x serum creatinine (mg/dL)

    • Coagulation: INR < 1.5 or a PT/PTT within normal limits
  • Patients receiving anti-coagulation treatment with an agent such as warfarin or heparin may be allowed to participate. For patients on warfarin, the INR should be measured prior to initiation of sorafenib and monitored at least weekly, or as defined by the local standard of care, until INR is stable.

    • Women of childbearing potential and sexually active males are required to use an effective method of contraception (barrier method of birth control) during the study and for 2 weeks after the last dose of sorafenib.
    • Must be able to take folic acid and vitamin B12.
    • Must be able and willing to interrupt aspirin or other nonsteroidal antiinflammatory agents for a 5 day period (8 day period for long acting agents such as piroxicam) prior at the time of each pemetrexed administration.
    • Must be able to take oral medications without crushing, dissolving, or chewing tablets.
    • Voluntary written informed consent before performance of any study related procedure not part of normal medical care, with the understanding that consent may be withdrawn by the subject at any time without prejudice to future medical care.

Exclusion Criteria:

  • Squamous cell of the lung
  • Pregnant (positive pregnancy test) or breast-feeding. Pemetrexed, cisplatin and sorafenib are pregnancy category D - clear evidence of risk in pregnancy. Women of child bearing potential must have a negative serum or urine pregnancy test within 7 days of prior to the start of treatment. Pregnancy testing is not required for postmenopausal or surgically sterilized women.
  • Cardiac disease: Congestive heart failure > class II New York Heart Association Classification (NYHA). Patients must not have unstable angina (anginal symptoms at rest) or new onset angina (began within the last 3 months) or myocardial infarction within the past 6 months.
  • Symptomatic or active brain metastases. Patients with neurological symptoms or previously treated CNS metastases must undergo a CT scan/MRI of the brain within 14 days of study enrollment to rule-out brain metastasis.
  • The presence of clinically significant third space fluid such as pleural effusion or ascites. Patients in whom the third space fluid can be completely drained may be enrolled.
  • Cardiac ventricular arrhythmias requiring anti-arrhythmic therapy
  • Uncontrolled hypertension defined as systolic blood pressure > 150 mmHg or diastolic pressure > 90 mmHg, despite optimal medical management
  • Known or suspected allergy to sorafenib, pemetrexed, cisplatin or any agent given in the course of this trial
  • Known human immunodeficiency virus (HIV) infection or chronic Hepatitis B or C
  • Patients must not have a second primary malignancy except in situ carcinoma of the cervix or breast or other in situ malignancies or adequately treated basal cell carcinoma of the skin or other malignancy treated at least 3 years previously with no evidence of recurrence
  • Active clinically serious infection > Common Toxicity Criteria for Adverse Events (CTCAE) Grade 2
  • Thrombolic or embolic events such as a cerebrovascular accident including transient ischemic attacks within the past 6 months
  • Pulmonary hemorrhage/bleeding event ≥ CTCAE Grade 2 within 4 weeks of first dose of study drug
  • Any other hemorrhage/bleeding event ≥ CTCAE Grade 3 within 4 weeks of first dose of study drug
  • Serious non-healing wound, ulcer, or bone fracture
  • Evidence or history of bleeding diathesis or coagulopathy
  • Peripheral neuropathy ≥ CTCAE Grade 2
  • Major surgery, open biopsy or significant traumatic injury within 4 weeks of first study drug
  • Use of St. John's Wort or rifampin (rifampicin)
  • Any condition that impairs patient's ability to swallow whole pills
  • Any malabsorption problem

Information from the National Library of Medicine

To learn more about this study, you or your doctor may contact the study research staff using the contact information provided by the sponsor.

Please refer to this study by its identifier (NCT number): NCT00703638

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United States, Minnesota
Masonic Cancer Center, University of Minnesota
Minneapolis, Minnesota, United States, 55455
Sponsors and Collaborators
Masonic Cancer Center, University of Minnesota
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Principal Investigator: Priya Kumar, MD Masonic Cancer Center, University of Minnesota
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Responsible Party: Masonic Cancer Center, University of Minnesota Identifier: NCT00703638    
Other Study ID Numbers: 2007LS086
0712M22703 ( Other Identifier: IRB, University of Minnesota )
First Posted: June 23, 2008    Key Record Dates
Last Update Posted: November 29, 2017
Last Verified: November 2017
Additional relevant MeSH terms:
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Neoplasms by Histologic Type
Neoplasms, Glandular and Epithelial
Neoplasms, Mesothelial
Antineoplastic Agents
Enzyme Inhibitors
Molecular Mechanisms of Pharmacological Action
Folic Acid Antagonists
Nucleic Acid Synthesis Inhibitors
Protein Kinase Inhibitors