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Individual Boosting in Non-Small Cell Lung Cancer Using Hypofractionation, Intensity-modulated Radiation Therapy and Respiratory Gating

The safety and scientific validity of this study is the responsibility of the study sponsor and investigators. Listing a study does not mean it has been evaluated by the U.S. Federal Government. Read our disclaimer for details. Identifier: NCT00690963
Recruitment Status : Unknown
Verified April 2016 by AHS Cancer Control Alberta.
Recruitment status was:  Active, not recruiting
First Posted : June 5, 2008
Last Update Posted : April 6, 2016
Information provided by (Responsible Party):
AHS Cancer Control Alberta

Brief Summary:
Patients who have inoperable non-small cell lung cancer are presently treated with chemotherapy and radiation therapy. Despite this combined approach, the vast majority of patients will have their cancer recur after treatment. A recurrence is not curable at this time. Because of the sensitivity of surrounding structures to chest irradiation, it has not been possible to give radiation doses that can cure many of these tumors. Intensity-modulated radiation therapy is a special form of radiotherapy delivery that allows doctors to reduce the amount of radiation dose to normal tissues and therefore reduce side effects. The reduction of radiation side effects may allow more radiation to be delivered to tumors, therefore improving tumor control and possibly longevity of patients. The purpose of this study is to determine whether the combination of custom designed intensity-modulated radiotherapy (based on individual tumor anatomy) with regular chemotherapy, will be safe enough to allow further intensification of radiation treatment.

Condition or disease Intervention/treatment Phase
Carcinoma, Non-Small-Cell Lung Procedure: Radiotherapy Phase 1 Phase 2

Detailed Description:
All patients must have a satisfactory IMRT plan prior to starting radiation therapy, which will commence concurrently with chemotherapy. All patients will be treated to a minimum of 48 Gy in 20 daily fractions over 4 weeks [2.4 Gy per fraction (fx)], to the planning target volume (PTV) defined by pre chemotherapy CT with PET imaging. This is approximately biologically equivalent to a dose of 54 Gy in 27# (5 fractions/week). A differential boosting will then be selected from one of 5 dose escalation schemes. The total individual radiotherapy dose will be prescribed according to the highest dose level that can satisfy all of the set radiotherapy planning constraints for the individual's anatomy. The trial will proceed in 2 phases. In the first phase only the first 3 dose escalation schedules will be used. Once all of these 3 schedules have been deemed safe then dose levels 4 and 5 will be opened up to participation.

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Study Type : Interventional  (Clinical Trial)
Actual Enrollment : 12 participants
Allocation: Non-Randomized
Intervention Model: Single Group Assignment
Masking: None (Open Label)
Primary Purpose: Treatment
Official Title: A Phase I/II Dose Escalation Trial Using Hypofractionation With Individualized Differential Boosting With Respiratory Gated Intensity-modulated Radiation Therapy (IMRT) in the Treatment of Non-small Cell Lung Cancer.
Study Start Date : September 2008
Estimated Primary Completion Date : September 2016
Estimated Study Completion Date : October 2016

Resource links provided by the National Library of Medicine

Intervention Details:
  • Procedure: Radiotherapy
    Dose excalation based on normal tissue toxicity using 5 dose bins ranging from 56.8 Gy/ 27 fractions to 67.3 Gy in 27 fractions.

Primary Outcome Measures :
  1. Toxicity of treatment [ Time Frame: 90 days (Acute), 5 years (Late) ]

Secondary Outcome Measures :
  1. Local control [ Time Frame: 5 years ]
  2. overall survival [ Time Frame: 5 years ]
  3. Disease Free Survival [ Time Frame: 5 years ]

Information from the National Library of Medicine

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Ages Eligible for Study:   18 Years to 75 Years   (Adult, Older Adult)
Sexes Eligible for Study:   All
Accepts Healthy Volunteers:   No

Inclusion Criteria:

  • Patients with histologically-proven, by biopsy or cytology, unresected lung cancer of the following histologic types: Squamous cell carcinoma, Adenocarcinoma, Undifferentiated large cell carcinoma, Non-Small cee; not otherwise specified (NOS, diagnosis on cytology alone)
  • Patients with AJCC Stage II, IIIA or IIIB if all detectable tumour can be encompassed by radiation therapy fields, including both the primary tumor and the involved regional lymph nodes
  • Patient must be deemed to be suitable to undergo definitive chemo-radiotherapy by the treating Physician.
  • Age > = 18
  • ECOG/Zubrod status 0-1
  • Patients must have measurable disease on CT imaging
  • Satisfactory granulocytes, platelets, bilirubin, AST and calculated creatinine clearance
  • Dose volume constraints must be met
  • Patient must be able to use the breath-held technique

Exclusion Criteria:

  • Patients who have undergone complete or subtotal tumour resection
  • Patients with post-resection intrathoracic tumour recurrence
  • Patients eligible for definitive surgery
  • Evidence of any small cell histology
  • Prior or concurrent malignancy except non-melanomatous skin cancer unless disease-free for at least 5 years
  • Exudative pleural effusion, or pleural effusions with positive cytology. Minimal pleural effusions which are too small to safely tap (i.e. not visible on chest x-ray) are eligible.
  • Patients with myocardial infarction within the preceding 6 months or symptomatic heart disease, including angina, congestive heart failure and uncontrolled arrhythmias
  • Pregnant women are ineligible. Patients with childbearing potential must practice appropriate contraception
  • Patients with FEV1 <= 0.8. Patients with FEV1 >0.8 and <1.0 to be discussed with a Respiratory Physician

Information from the National Library of Medicine

To learn more about this study, you or your doctor may contact the study research staff using the contact information provided by the sponsor.

Please refer to this study by its identifier (NCT number): NCT00690963

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Canada, Alberta
Cross Cancer Institute
Edmonton, Alberta, Canada, T6G 1Z2
Sponsors and Collaborators
AHS Cancer Control Alberta
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Study Chair: Wilson Roa, MSc, MD, FRCPC Cross Cancer Institute, Alberta Health Services
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Responsible Party: AHS Cancer Control Alberta Identifier: NCT00690963    
Other Study ID Numbers: LU-24123
First Posted: June 5, 2008    Key Record Dates
Last Update Posted: April 6, 2016
Last Verified: April 2016
Keywords provided by AHS Cancer Control Alberta:
Dose Fractionation
Additional relevant MeSH terms:
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Carcinoma, Non-Small-Cell Lung
Carcinoma, Bronchogenic
Bronchial Neoplasms
Lung Neoplasms
Respiratory Tract Neoplasms
Thoracic Neoplasms
Neoplasms by Site
Lung Diseases
Respiratory Tract Diseases