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Evaluating Alternative Aftercare Models for Ex-Offenders

The safety and scientific validity of this study is the responsibility of the study sponsor and investigators. Listing a study does not mean it has been evaluated by the U.S. Federal Government. Read our disclaimer for details. Identifier: NCT00664092
Recruitment Status : Completed
First Posted : April 22, 2008
Last Update Posted : February 11, 2015
National Institute on Drug Abuse (NIDA)
Information provided by (Responsible Party):
Leonard Jason, DePaul University

Brief Summary:
The primary aim of this project is to study more closely the role played by post-release aftercare in the outcomes of criminal offenders who received in-prison substance abuse treatment. Prison-based therapeutic communities (TC) (Pelissier et al., 2001; Wexler, 1995) have demonstrated efficacy, especially when combined with post-release TC aftercare (Melnick et al., 2001). The aims of this project are important from a public health perspective as there may be treatment matching, case management, and financing factors that could be manipulated to enhance the cost-effectiveness of community-based substance abuse treatment for offenders leaving prison. It is possible that both TC and Oxford House(OH) aftercare modalities increase abstinence social support, self-efficacy, and employment, which mediate reductions in drug use, reincarceration, and health problems, but overall benefits are likely to be greater for TCs because they employ professional services and empirically based behavioral strategies. However, OHs might have advantages compared to more traditional post-incarceration modalities (e.g., low costs). Bringing scientific methods to the examination of TCs and the OH community-based recovery models for addiction might help to identify the "active ingredients" of these recovery settings.

Condition or disease Intervention/treatment Phase
Usual Aftercare Oxford House Therapeutic Community Other: Residential Phase 2

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Study Type : Interventional  (Clinical Trial)
Actual Enrollment : 300 participants
Allocation: Randomized
Intervention Model: Factorial Assignment
Masking: Single (Care Provider)
Primary Purpose: Prevention
Official Title: Evaluating Alternative Aftercare Models for Ex-Offenders
Study Start Date : October 2007
Actual Primary Completion Date : June 2014
Actual Study Completion Date : June 2014

Arm Intervention/treatment
No Intervention: 1
Usual Aftercare Condition
Experimental: 2
Oxford House Condition
Other: Residential
living in a democratic, resident-run setting
Other Name: Oxford House

Experimental: 3
Therapeutic Community Condition
Other: Residential
Professionally-run substance abuse recovery setting
Other Name: Safe Haven Therapeutic Community

Primary Outcome Measures :
  1. Substance Use [ Time Frame: 2 years from baseline ]

Secondary Outcome Measures :
  1. Criminal Recidivism [ Time Frame: 2 years from baseline ]
  2. Health Status [ Time Frame: 2 years from baseline ]

Information from the National Library of Medicine

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Ages Eligible for Study:   18 Years and older   (Adult, Older Adult)
Sexes Eligible for Study:   All
Accepts Healthy Volunteers:   No

Inclusion Criteria:

  • have completed substance abuse treatment program, or attended 12-step program
  • willing to live in a democratic residential setting, and pay rent
  • Released from a prison or jail in the last 6 months

Exclusion Criteria:

  • current substance addict/abuser
  • have previously lived in an Oxford House
  • not planning to go back to their own home or home of a relative following treatment
  • sex offender, fire setter

Information from the National Library of Medicine

To learn more about this study, you or your doctor may contact the study research staff using the contact information provided by the sponsor.

Please refer to this study by its identifier (NCT number): NCT00664092

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United States, Illinois
DePaul University
Chicago, Illinois, United States, 60614
Sponsors and Collaborators
DePaul University
National Institute on Drug Abuse (NIDA)
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Principal Investigator: Leonard A Jason, Ph.D. DePaul University
Study Director: Dave Mueller, Ph.D. DePaul University
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Responsible Party: Leonard Jason, Director Center for Community Research, DePaul University Identifier: NCT00664092    
Other Study ID Numbers: LJ070306PSY-C1
5R01DA019935-03 ( U.S. NIH Grant/Contract )
First Posted: April 22, 2008    Key Record Dates
Last Update Posted: February 11, 2015
Last Verified: February 2015
Keywords provided by Leonard Jason, DePaul University:
Substance Abuse
Substance Abuse Recovery