Nepicastat for Posttraumatic Stress Disorder (PTSD) in OIF/OEF Veterans (Nepicastat)
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|ClinicalTrials.gov Identifier: NCT00659230|
Recruitment Status : Completed
First Posted : April 16, 2008
Results First Posted : June 1, 2017
Last Update Posted : October 13, 2017
This study proposes a multi-site, randomized, double-blind, placebo-controlled clinical trial of the dopamine-ß-hydroxylase (DBH) inhibitor, nepicastat, for the treatment of posttraumatic stress disorder (PTSD) in outpatients who have previously served in a combat zone during Operation Iraqi Freedom and Operation Enduring Freedom (OIF/OEF)or other Southwest conditions since 19800. A DBH inhibitor's mechanism of action is to decrease neuronal noradrenaline (NA) release by inhibiting DBH conversion of dopamine (DA) to NA. Animal models of PTSD and human studies have found a substantial increase in NA activity for these animal models and for PTSD in humans. Furthermore, recent clinical studies have improved PTSD hyper-arousal symptoms by reducing the NA over-activity using agents like NA post-synaptic antagonists. Key support for the proposed study is based on a similar improvement in PTSD symptoms after treatment with the DBH inhibitor, disulfiram.
In the experience of the clinical investigators, the most common chief complaint of the OIF/OEF veterans with PTSD is hyperarousal (DSM-IV criterion D symptom cluster). These symptoms significantly interfere with social, occupational, and interpersonal function. Standard treatments with antidepressants are not fully effective in treating the symptoms of PTSD in veterans; thus, new treatments are needed. An intervention, such as nepicastat, aimed at reducing hyperarousal, as well as other PTSD symptoms, would have significant impact of restoring overall function and quality of life in OIF/OEF veterans with PTSD. Since hyperarousal symptoms responded relatively quickly to medications of this type, our study in 120 outpatient veterans with PTSD will compare nepicastat 120 mg/day vs. placebo in a 6-week double-blind, randomized clinical trial (RCT). The veterans will be followed for an additional 8 weeks after the RCT, during which, those who have a priori defined positive clinical response to the study medication, nepicastat vs. placebo, will be continued on the study medication, in order to assess further improvement and safety. Those patients who do not have a positive clinical response during the 6 week RCT will be offered the addition of the standard first-line PTSD pharmacotherapy, paroxetine, during the 8 weeks extension phase. Thus, weeks 7-14 offer an opportunity to evaluate longer-term nepicastat efficacy and to compare the treatment response of nonresponders after augmentation with paroxetine.
|Condition or disease||Intervention/treatment||Phase|
|Posttraumatic Stress Disorder||Drug: Nepicastat Drug: Placebo||Phase 2|
HYPOTHESES Primary Hypothesis: Compared to placebo treatment, nepicastat-treated OIF/OEF veterans with PTSD will have significantly reduced PTSD hyperarousal symptoms as defined by the Clinician Administered PTSD Scale [CAPS], subscale D (CAPS-D).
Secondary Hypotheses: Compared to placebo, nepicastat-treated OIF/OEF veterans with PTSD will have:
- Significantly reduced PTSD symptoms (total CAPS)
- Significantly reduced PTSD reexperiencing symptoms (CAPS-B)
- Significantly reduced PTSD avoidance symptoms (CAPS-C)
|Study Type :||Interventional (Clinical Trial)|
|Actual Enrollment :||100 participants|
|Intervention Model:||Parallel Assignment|
|Masking:||Quadruple (Participant, Care Provider, Investigator, Outcomes Assessor)|
|Official Title:||A Randomized, Placebo-Controlled Trial of the Dopamine-B-Hydroxylase (DBH) Inhibitor, Nepicastat, for the Treatment of PTSD in OIF/OEF Veterans|
|Actual Study Start Date :||July 1, 2009|
|Actual Primary Completion Date :||July 5, 2012|
|Actual Study Completion Date :||August 30, 2012|
Placebo Comparator: Placebo
Active Comparator: Nepicastat
- Clinician Administered PTSD Scale Subscore D (Hyperarousal) [ Time Frame: Baseline, week 2, 4 and 6 ]The Clinician Administered PTSD Scale subscore D (CAPS-D) measures the hyperarousal cluster for PTSD symptoms (5 items). Higher scores indicate greater severity. Range for CAPS-D is zero to 40. The CAPS has acceptable test-retest reliability (0.98), sensitivity (0.84), specificity (0.95), internal consistency (0.76-0.88) and validity (κ=0.78).
- Clinician Administered PTSD Scale Total Score [ Time Frame: Baseline, week 2,4, and 6 ]The Clinician Administered PTSD Scale (CAPS) measures the full spectrum of PTSD symptoms. Higher scores indicate greater severity. Range for CAPS is zero to 136. The CAPS has acceptable test-retest reliability (0.98), sensitivity (0.84), specificity (0.95), internal consistency (0.76-0.88) and validity (κ=0.78).
- Clinician Administered PTSD Scale Subscale B Score [ Time Frame: 6 weeks ]The Clinician Administered PTSD Subscale B (CAPS-B) measures the re-experiencing cluster of PTSD symptoms. Higher scores indicate greater severity. Range for CAPS-B is zero to 40. The CAPS has acceptable test-retest reliability (0.98), sensitivity (0.84), specificity (0.95), internal consistency (0.76-0.88) and validity (κ=0.78). Blake, D.D., Weathers, F.W., Nagy, L.M., Kaloupek, D.G., Gusman, F.D., Charney, D.S., Kean, T.M., 1995, The development of a clinician-administered PTSD scale. Journal of Traumatic Stress, 8:75-90.
- Clinician Administered PTSD Scale Subscale C Score [ Time Frame: Baseline, week 2, 4, and 6 ]The Clinician Administered PTSD Subscale C (CAPS-C) measures the Avoidance and emotional numbing cluster of PTSD symptoms. Higher scores indicate greater severity. Range for CAPS-C is zero to 56. The CAPS has acceptable test-retest reliability (0.98), sensitivity (0.84), specificity (0.95), internal consistency (0.76-0.88) and validity (κ=0.78).
To learn more about this study, you or your doctor may contact the study research staff using the contact information provided by the sponsor.
Please refer to this study by its ClinicalTrials.gov identifier (NCT number): NCT00659230
|United States, Alabama|
|Tuscaloosa, Alabama, United States, 35404|
|United States, California|
|VA San Diego Healthcare System|
|San Diego, California, United States, 92161|
|United States, New York|
|James J.Peters VA Medical Center|
|The Bronx, New York, United States, 10468|
|Study Chair:||Carlos Berry, M.D.||IRB Tuscaloosa VAMC|