Effect of Continuous Positive Airway Pressure (CPAP) Treatment in the Control of Refractory Hypertension
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|ClinicalTrials.gov Identifier: NCT00616265|
Recruitment Status : Completed
First Posted : February 15, 2008
Last Update Posted : February 29, 2012
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The working hypothesis for the present study is that treatment with CPAP in patients with an sleep apnea (IAH>15) and AHT-r is capable of producing significant reductions in blood-pressure levels.
This hypothesis is supported by four proven findings:
- -sleep apnea is an independent risk factor for arterial hypertension (1).
- -The greater the number of RSD, the greater the loss of control over blood-pressure levels (1).
- -The prevalence of sleep apnea in patients with AHT refractory to treatment is very high (11,12).
- -Treatment of patients with sleep apnea and AHT-r with CPAP succeeds in significantly reducing blood-pressure levels in the only (small-scale) studies undertaken to date (14,15).
To evaluate the effect of treatment with CPAP on blood-pressure levels in patients with AHT refractory to medical treatment.
- To evaluate the effect of treatment with CPAP on the various elements assessed in BP (systolic/diastolic; daytime/nighttime, etc) and the circadian profile (dipper/non-dipper/raiser patterns; variability and homogeneity of blood-pressure levels, etc) obtained during a 24-hour out-patient study (AMPA).
- To analyze the related variables or subgroups of patients most affected by treatment with CPAP.
- To evaluate the effect of CPAP on the levels of some of the biological variables involved in the pathogenesis of AHT-r (renin, angiotensin, aldosterone, atrial natriuretic factor, etc).
|Condition or disease||Intervention/treatment||Phase|
|Sleep Apnea Hypertension||Device: CPAP||Not Applicable|
OBJECTIVE. To evaluate the effect of continuous positive airway pressure (CPAP) treatment on the blood-pressure (BP) levels of patients with refractory arterial hypertension (AHT-r).
METHODS: Multicenter randomized study with parallel groups and blind final evaluation.
Patients will be recruited from AHT, nephrology or internal medicine outpatient clinics and will satisfy the criteria for AHT-r (patients requiring 3 anti-AHT drugs at recommended doses to maintain their blood-pressure levels within AMPA [24-hours ambulatory monitoring of blood pressure values) excluding those forms of secondary AHT and those patients with incapacitating hypersomnia that need immediate treatment. In all, 210 patients will be included (105 per arm for intention to treat analysis) in accordance with the calculation of the sample size needed including drop-outs to evaluate a clinically significant minimum drop of 4-5 mmHg in the mean BP and the number of centers (21 centers; 10 patients per center). They will all be subjected to a complete clinical history, an AMPA study, a blood test (with serum retained for a later determination of biological mediators) and a sleep study. Those patients with an AHI>15 will be randomized to receive CPAP vs habitual control. The treatment will last 3 months. The same variables that were measured before the randomization will be analyzed again for the purposes of comparison. The comparison of results will be undertaken on the basis of an intention-to-treat and per-protocol analyses based on adherence to CPAP treatment at different cutoff of hours /day by means of an ANOVA two-way analysis (one of them being time).
|Study Type :||Interventional (Clinical Trial)|
|Actual Enrollment :||210 participants|
|Intervention Model:||Parallel Assignment|
|Masking:||Double (Investigator, Outcomes Assessor)|
|Official Title:||Effect of CPAP Treatment in the Control of Refractory Hypertension|
|Study Start Date :||June 2008|
|Actual Primary Completion Date :||December 2011|
|Actual Study Completion Date :||February 2012|
No Intervention: B
Group B. Only Usual Control
Group A: Cpap treatment plus Usual control
Pressure device on airway to maintain it open
Other Name: Continuous positive airway pressure
- Effect on blood pressure levels [ Time Frame: Before and six months after CPAP treatment ]
- Effect on night blood pressure pattern [ Time Frame: Befor and six month after CPAP treatment ]
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|Ages Eligible for Study:||18 Years to 75 Years (Adult, Older Adult)|
|Sexes Eligible for Study:||All|
|Accepts Healthy Volunteers:||No|
- Patients aged 18-75 with a diagnosis of primary AHT-r and an AHI ≥15.
- Signature indicating informed consent.
- Those patients with, in the opinion of the researcher, incapacitating hypersomnia will be excluded (to avoid the ethical problems associated with not treating a symptomatic sleep apnea patient).
- Patients with risky professions or work involving dangerous goods.
- The regular use of psychotropic drugs that could significantly modify the results of the sleep studies, or previous alcoholism (more than 100 gr of alcohol/day).
- Patients previously treated with CPAP.
- Record of poor compliance with anti-hypertensive treatment.
- AHT secondary to cardiac insufficiency, valvulopathy, renal or endocrinological causes, cor pulmonale or the consumption of oral corticoids, or any other known cause.
- Patients who have suffered from a cardiovascular event in the month prior to inclusion in the study, or patients who were unstable at the time of their inclusion in the study.
- Known renal insufficiency with a concentration of creatinine greater than 1.5 mg/dl
To learn more about this study, you or your doctor may contact the study research staff using the contact information provided by the sponsor.
Please refer to this study by its ClinicalTrials.gov identifier (NCT number): NCT00616265
|General Hospital of Requena|
|Valencia, Spain, 42340|
|Principal Investigator:||Miguel Angel Martínez-Garcia, MD||Sociedad Española de Neumología y Cirugía Torácica|
|Responsible Party:||Miguel angel Martinez Garcia, MD, Sociedad Española de Neumología y Cirugía Torácica|
|Other Study ID Numbers:||
SEPAR-90 ( Other Identifier: SEPAR )
|First Posted:||February 15, 2008 Key Record Dates|
|Last Update Posted:||February 29, 2012|
|Last Verified:||February 2012|
Sleep Apnea Syndromes
Respiratory Tract Diseases
Sleep Disorders, Intrinsic
Sleep Wake Disorders
Nervous System Diseases