Rituximab, Pentostatin, Cyclophosphamide, and Lenalidomide in Treating Patients With Previously Untreated B-Cell Chronic Lymphocytic Leukemia or Small Lymphocytic Lymphoma
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|ClinicalTrials.gov Identifier: NCT00602836|
Recruitment Status : Completed
First Posted : January 28, 2008
Results First Posted : April 11, 2012
Last Update Posted : January 27, 2020
RATIONALE: Monoclonal antibodies, such as rituximab, can block cancer growth in different ways. Some block the ability of cancer cells to grow and spread. Others find cancer cells and help kill them or carry cancer-killing substances to them. Drugs used in chemotherapy, such as pentostatin and cyclophosphamide, work in different ways to stop the growth of cancer cells, either by killing the cells or by stopping them from dividing. Lenalidomide may stop the growth of cancer cells by blocking some of the enzymes needed for cell growth. Giving rituximab together with combination chemotherapy and lenalidomide may kill more cancer cells.
PURPOSE: This phase II trial is studying how well giving rituximab together with pentostatin, cyclophosphamide, and lenalidomide works in treating patients with previously untreated B-cell chronic lymphocytic leukemia or small lymphocytic lymphoma.
|Condition or disease||Intervention/treatment||Phase|
|Leukemia Lymphoma||Biological: Rituximab Drug: Cyclophosphamide Drug: Lenalidomide Drug: Pentostatin||Phase 2|
- To assess the rate of complete and overall response using pentostatin, cyclophosphamide, and rituximab (PCR) followed by consolidation with lenalidomide in patients with previously untreated B-cell chronic lymphocytic leukemia (CLL) or small lymphocytic lymphoma.
- To assess the proportion of patients who convert from a nodular partial response (nPR), PR, or stable disease after completing PCR to a complete response (CR) after 6 cycles of consolidation with lenalidomide.
- To assess the proportion of patients who convert from a CR with detectable minimal residual disease (MRD) after PCR to a CR with MRD negative state after 6 courses of consolidation with lenalidomide.
- To assess the proportion of patients who convert from a CR with detectable MRD, nPR, PR, or stable disease with residual disease after PCR to a CR with MRD negative state after 6 cycles of consolidation with lenalidomide.
- To monitor and assess toxicity of this regimen.
- To determine if molecular prognostic parameters (e.g., ZAP-70, CD38, cytogenetic abnormalities identified by FISH, IgVH mutation status) relate to response to PCR-lenalidomide therapy.
- To use evaluation of MRD to determine the duration of lenalidomide therapy.
- To determine the progression-free survival in CLL patients using this treatment regimen.
OUTLINE: This is a multicenter study.
- Induction therapy: Patients receive rituximab IV over 4 hours on days 1 and 2 of course 1, and over 1 hour on day 1 of each subsequent course. Patients also receive pentostatin IV over 30 minutes and cyclophosphamide IV over 30 minutes on day 1, and pegfilgrastim subcutaneously on day 2. Treatment repeats every 21 days for up to 6 courses in the absence of disease progression or unacceptable toxicity.
- Consolidation therapy: Beginning 2 months after completion of induction therapy, patients receive oral lenalidomide once daily on days 1-28. Treatment repeats every 28 days for 6 courses in the absence of disease progression or unacceptable toxicity.
- Continuation therapy: Patients with residual disease continue to receive lenalidomide as in consolidation therapy until they achieve a minimal residual disease-negative status or complete remission. Patients who achieve complete response with no detectable disease discontinue therapy and enter the observation phase.
Blood samples are collected periodically during treatment for translational and pharmacologic studies. Samples are analyzed for immunoglobulin heavy chain gene mutational status, ZAP-70 status, and levels of VEGF, bFGF, thrombospondin, and TGF-beta by ELISA; and for the effects of therapy on immune function. Samples are also stored for future research. Bone marrow aspirate samples are analyzed for minimal residual disease by flow cytometry.
After completion of study treatment, patients are followed every 90 days for 3 years.
|Study Type :||Interventional (Clinical Trial)|
|Actual Enrollment :||45 participants|
|Intervention Model:||Single Group Assignment|
|Masking:||None (Open Label)|
|Official Title:||Phase II Trial of Pentostatin, Cyclophosphamide, and Rituximab Followed by Consolidation With Lenalidomide for Previously Untreated B-Chronic Lymphocytic Leukemia (CLL) or Small Lymphocytic Lymphoma (SLL)|
|Actual Study Start Date :||February 2008|
|Actual Primary Completion Date :||December 2010|
|Actual Study Completion Date :||September 12, 2017|
Pentostatin, Cyclophosphamide, Rituximab + Lenalidomide
Cycle 1: 100 mg by IV on day 1, 375 mg/m^2 by IV on day 2 Cycle 2-6: 375 mg/m^2 by IV on day 1 (every 21 days)
600 mg/m^2 by IV on day 1 of cycles 1-6 (every 21 days)
Cycle 7: 5 mg orally daily on days 1-28 Cycle 8: 10 mg orally daily on days 1-28 as tolerability permits Cycle 9 and beyond: 10 mg orally daily on days 1-28
2 mg/m^2 by IV on day 1 of cycles 1-6 (every 21 days)
- Number of Participants With Complete Response (CR) [ Time Frame: 12 months ]
A complete response, as defined by the National Cancer Institute Working Group (NCIWG), requires all of the following for a period of at least 2 months:
- CR: no lymphadenopathy, hepatomegaly, splenomegaly or constitutional symptoms; normal complete blood count; confirmed by bone marrow (BM) aspirate & biopsy
- Number of Participants Who Convert From a Nodular Partial Response (nPR), Partial Response (PR), or Stable Disease (SD) After Pentostatin, Cyclophosphamide, and Rituximab (PCR) to a Complete Response (CR) After 6 Courses of Consolidation With Lenalidomide [ Time Frame: 12 months ]
According to the NCIWG criteria, response is defined as follows:
nPR: Meets all criteria for CR, as described above, except the presence of residual clonal nodules in the bone marrow PR: 50% decrease in peripheral blood lymphocytes, lymphadenopathy, liver/spleen size, presence/absence of constitutional symptoms; plus ≥1 of the following: ≥1500/μL polymorphonuclear leukocytes, >100000/μL platelets, >11.0 g/dL hemoglobin or 50% improvement for these parameters without transfusions SD: participant who does not meet any of the criteria described above
- Number of Participants Who Convert From a CR With Minimal Residual Disease (MRD) Positive Status After PCR to a CR With MRD-negative Status After 6 Courses of Consolidation With Lenalidomide [ Time Frame: 12 months ]MRD refers to small number of leukemic cells that remain in the participant during treatment or after treatment when the participant has achieved CR. For all participants who achieved CR, the follow-up bone marrow sample was tested for malignant B cells to determine if there was any MRD.
- Number of Participants With a Response (CR, nPR, PR) [ Time Frame: During treatment (up to 5 years) ]Response criteria described in above outcomes.
- Overall Survival (OS) [ Time Frame: time from registration to death (up to 5 years) ]Overall Survival (OS) was defined as the time from registration to death of any cause. Participants were followed for a maximum of 5 years from registration. The median OS with 95% CI was estimated using the Kaplan Meier method.
- Treatment Free Survival (TFS) [ Time Frame: time from registration to progression (up to 5 years) ]Treatment Free Survival (TFS) was defined as the time from registration to the earliest date documentation of subsequent treatment or death, whichever came first. Participants were followed for a maximum of 5 years from registration. The median TFS with 95% CI was estimated using the Kaplan Meier method.
To learn more about this study, you or your doctor may contact the study research staff using the contact information provided by the sponsor.
Please refer to this study by its ClinicalTrials.gov identifier (NCT number): NCT00602836
|United States, Arizona|
|Mayo Clinic Scottsdale|
|Scottsdale, Arizona, United States, 85259-5499|
|United States, Florida|
|Mayo Clinic - Jacksonville|
|Jacksonville, Florida, United States, 32224|
|United States, Minnesota|
|Mayo Clinic Cancer Center|
|Rochester, Minnesota, United States, 55905|
|Study Chair:||Tait D. Shanafelt, MD||Mayo Clinic|
|Principal Investigator:||Han Win Tun, MD||Mayo Clinic|
|Principal Investigator:||Jose F. Leis, MD, PhD||Mayo Clinic|