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Moexipril for Primary Biliary Cirrhosis

The safety and scientific validity of this study is the responsibility of the study sponsor and investigators. Listing a study does not mean it has been evaluated by the U.S. Federal Government. Read our disclaimer for details. Identifier: NCT00588302
Recruitment Status : Completed
First Posted : January 8, 2008
Last Update Posted : May 23, 2011
UCB Pharma
Information provided by:
Mayo Clinic

Brief Summary:
The blockade of angiotensin II synthesis attenuates hepatic fibrosis in different experimental models of chronic liver injury. We aimed to determine the safety and efficacy of moexipril, an angiotensin-converting enzyme (ACE) inhibitor, on liver biochemistries, Mayo risk score, and health-related quality of life in patients with primary biliary cirrhosis (PBC) who have had a suboptimal response to ursodeoxycholic acid (UDCA).

Condition or disease Intervention/treatment Phase
Primary Biliary Cirrhosis Drug: Moexipril Phase 2

Detailed Description:

Primary biliary cirrhosis (PBC) is a chronic cholestatic liver disease of presumed autoimmune cause characterized by progressive inflammatory destruction of interlobular and septal bile ducts, resulting in fibrosis and eventual cirrhosis (1). In PBC patients, the most disabling symptoms are fatigue and pruritus which diminish health-related quality of life (HRQL. Ursodeoxycholic acid (UDCA), at a dose of 13 to 15 mg/kg per day, is a safe and effective medical therapy for most patients with PBC. Nevertheless, UDCA therapy has not ameliorated symptoms associated with PBC. Some UDCA-treated patients show progressive disease resulting in the liver transplantation or death from liver-related causes. For these patients, who show a persistent elevation of serum alkaline phosphatase at least twice the normal level after 6 months of UDCA monotherapy (incomplete responders), the evaluation of combination therapy in clinical trials has been recommended.

Moexipril is a long-acting, nonsulfhydryl ACE inhibitor with lipophilicity, and so can readily penetrate lipid membranes and thus target tissue ACE in addition to plasma ACE. This drug also demonstrated antioxidative properties in addition to efficiently controlling blood pressure in hypertensive postmenopausal subjects. Moreover, quality-of-life data suggest favorable effects of moexipril treatment in a patient population at high cardiovascular risk. The tolerability and safety profile of moexipril resembles that of other ACE inhibitors along with no reports of hepatotoxicity in controlled trials. Hence, moexipril is an attractive drug for evaluation in patients with chronic liver disease.

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Study Type : Interventional  (Clinical Trial)
Actual Enrollment : 20 participants
Allocation: N/A
Intervention Model: Single Group Assignment
Masking: None (Open Label)
Primary Purpose: Treatment
Official Title: Open-Label Pilot Investigation of Moexipril for the Treatment of Primary Biliary Cirrhosis (PBC)
Study Start Date : June 2003
Actual Primary Completion Date : June 2007
Actual Study Completion Date : June 2007

Arm Intervention/treatment
Experimental: A, 1
All patients received an open-label moexipril during the study period.
Drug: Moexipril
Moexipril was given at a starting dose of 7.5 mg daily for 1 week to all enrolled patients. If tolerated (no clinically significant hypotension or medication associated adverse event), the daily dosage was increased to 15 mg daily at the beginning of the 2nd treatment week. Patients took moexipril orally in the morning and 1 hour prior to food intake. The target dose was maintained for the 1-year period of the study unless the development of toxicities warranted dose reduction or discontinuation.

Primary Outcome Measures :
  1. change in liver biochemistries and Mayo risk score for PBC [ Time Frame: 12 months ]

Secondary Outcome Measures :
  1. change in health-related quality of life in PBC [ Time Frame: 12 months ]

Information from the National Library of Medicine

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Ages Eligible for Study:   18 Years to 85 Years   (Adult, Older Adult)
Sexes Eligible for Study:   All
Accepts Healthy Volunteers:   No

Inclusion Criteria:

  • PBC patients treated with UDCA (daily dose of 13 to 15 mg/kg for at least 6 months) and an incomplete response defined by persistent elevation of serum alkaline phosphatase activity at least 2 times the upper limit of normal

Exclusion Criteria:

  • age less than 18 years
  • pregnancy or nursing
  • anticipated need for liver transplantation within 1 year with less than a 80% one-year survival determined by the Mayo risk score
  • complications of cirrhosis such as recurrent variceal hemorrhage, portosystemic encephalopathy, and refractory ascites
  • history of coexistent severe cardiovascular disease including aortic stenosis
  • history of coexistent severe renal disease (defined as elevation of serum creatinine more than 1.5 mg/dL) including renal artery stenosis
  • history of allergy to ACE inhibitors
  • current use of an ACE inhibitors or AT1 receptor antagonists in the past 3 months
  • previous treatment with immunosuppressive agents or any experimental drug in the preceding 3 months.

Information from the National Library of Medicine

To learn more about this study, you or your doctor may contact the study research staff using the contact information provided by the sponsor.

Please refer to this study by its identifier (NCT number): NCT00588302

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United States, Minnesota
Mayo Clinic
Rochester, Minnesota, United States, 55905
Sponsors and Collaborators
Mayo Clinic
UCB Pharma
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Principal Investigator: Keith D Lindor, MD Mayo Clinic and Foundation
Additional Information:
Layout table for additonal information Identifier: NCT00588302    
Other Study ID Numbers: 1032-03
First Posted: January 8, 2008    Key Record Dates
Last Update Posted: May 23, 2011
Last Verified: May 2011
Keywords provided by Mayo Clinic:
primary biliary cirrhosis
ursodeoxycholic acid
Additional relevant MeSH terms:
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Liver Cirrhosis
Liver Cirrhosis, Biliary
Pathologic Processes
Liver Diseases
Digestive System Diseases
Cholestasis, Intrahepatic
Bile Duct Diseases
Biliary Tract Diseases
Angiotensin-Converting Enzyme Inhibitors
Protease Inhibitors
Enzyme Inhibitors
Molecular Mechanisms of Pharmacological Action
Antihypertensive Agents