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A Pilot Study of Apligraf for the Treatment and Prevention of Recurrence of Excised Keloids

The safety and scientific validity of this study is the responsibility of the study sponsor and investigators. Listing a study does not mean it has been evaluated by the U.S. Federal Government. Read our disclaimer for details. Identifier: NCT00587587
Recruitment Status : Completed
First Posted : January 7, 2008
Results First Posted : August 19, 2011
Last Update Posted : August 19, 2011
Information provided by:

Brief Summary:
This pilot study will assess the safety and efficacy of Apligraf in the healing and recurrence of keloids post surgical shave excision in patients with clinically diagnosed keloids.

Condition or disease Intervention/treatment Phase
Keloid Device: Apligraf Other: Standard dressing regimen Phase 1 Phase 2

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Study Type : Interventional  (Clinical Trial)
Actual Enrollment : 30 participants
Allocation: Randomized
Intervention Model: Parallel Assignment
Masking: None (Open Label)
Primary Purpose: Treatment
Official Title: A Prospective, Randomized, Controlled Pilot Study of Apligraf for the Treatment and Prevention of Recurrence of Excised Keloids
Study Start Date : December 2007
Actual Primary Completion Date : March 2010
Actual Study Completion Date : March 2010

Arm Intervention/treatment
Experimental: A
Apligraf (bilayered living cell therapy)
Device: Apligraf
Application at Day 0, potential re-application at Week 4

Active Comparator: B
Dressing regimen comprised of a primary nonadherent dressing, dry gauze dressing and bolster gauze dressing, if necessary
Other: Standard dressing regimen
A primary nonadherent dressing, dry gauze dressing and bolster gauze dressing if necessary

Primary Outcome Measures :
  1. The Primary Purpose of This Study Will be to Gain Preliminary Safety Experience With Apligraf in the Keloid Indication. The Number of Participants Experiencing AEs is Presented. [ Time Frame: 52 weeks ]

    Summary of all reported adverse events (AE) in the intent to treat (ITT) population.

    AE was defined as any adverse change in the subject's medical status compared with the subject's baseline condition, whether or not the event was related to the study device or a study procedure; or an exacerbation (either in frequency or severity) in a subject's pre-existing condition. AE data were collected at every study visit or if volunteered by the subject at any time during the study.

Secondary Outcome Measures :
  1. Change in Degree of Keloid Recurrence as Measured by Beausang Scar Scale (BSS) [ Time Frame: Baseline to Week 52 or Last Visit ]

    Change in BSS cumulative score, Baseline to Last Visit, as reported by the Investigator, is reported.

    BSS is a composite score where the individual scores from the following categories are summed:

    Color (rated 1[perfect]-4[gross mismatch]), Shine (1/Matte or 2/Shiny), Contour (rated 1[flush with surrounding skin]-4[keloid]), Distortion (rated 1[None]-4[severe]), Texture (rated 1[normal]-4[hard]), and Overall Assessment on a 10cm visual analog scale (rated 0[excellent scar]-10 [poor scar]).

    Total score ranges from 5 (clinically well healed scar) - 28 (clinically poor scar).

  2. Cumulative Incidence of Keloid Recurrence at Week 52 [ Time Frame: 52 weeks ]
    Recurrence is defined the first study visit at which the Investigator scores the Contour component of the BSS with a 4 (indicating a keloid). Contour is one of the five components measured in the BSS with Contour scores ranging from 1 (flush with surrounding skin) to 4 (keloid). Recurrence is a negative outcome.

  3. Degree of Recurrence (Scar Firmness) [ Time Frame: Week 52 or Last Visit ]
    Scar firmness measured by Cutometer in millimeters.

  4. Degree of Recurrence (Scar Thickness) [ Time Frame: Week 52 or Last visit ]
    Scar thickness measured by slide caliper in millimeters. A value of 0.0 mm on the slide caliper is equivalent to normal, non-hypertrophic/raised skin.

  5. Physician Global Assessment [ Time Frame: Week 52 or Last Visit ]
    Investigator assessed using 5 point scale (1-excellent, 2-very good, 3-good, 4-moderate, 5-poor)

  6. Subject Global Assessment [ Time Frame: Week 52 or Last Visit ]
    Subject assessed using 5 point scale (1-excellent, 2-very good, 3-good, 4-moderate, 5-poor)

  7. Decreased Utilization of Intralesional Steroid Intervention [ Time Frame: 52 weeks ]
    The mean number of Intralesional (IL) Injections per participant is reported. A lower number of injections is a better outcome.

Information from the National Library of Medicine

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Ages Eligible for Study:   18 Years to 65 Years   (Adult, Older Adult)
Sexes Eligible for Study:   All
Accepts Healthy Volunteers:   No

Inclusion Criteria:

  • Subject is between 18 and 65 years of age.
  • Subject or legal guardian has read, understood, and signed appropriate Institutional Review Board (IRB) approved informed consent, photography release form and HIPAA consent in their own language.
  • Subject with 1 keloid measuring between 1 cm2 - 40 cm2 as assessed by the Investigator, present for at least 6 months and a Beausang Scar scale combined score of 5 or greater.
  • Subject is a male or female who must have a documented negative urine pregnancy test if of child bearing potential. Sexually active females must be practicing a medically proven form of contraception during the course of the study period.
  • Subject and/or legal guardian must be able and willing to follow study procedures and instructions.
  • Subject and/or legal guardian must be able and willing to return for follow-up study visits.
  • Subject agrees to not use a keloid medication or injection treatment for four weeks prior to Day 0.
  • Subject agrees not to use any other keloid treatments for the duration of the study.
  • Subject is otherwise healthy as assessed and determined by the Investigator

Exclusion Criteria:

  • Subject is suffering from a condition likely to require medical attention, including administration of any treatment which in the opinion of the Investigator could influence the results of the study.
  • Subject with any systemic condition like uncontrolled diabetes mellitus (glycosylated hemoglobin, HbA1C > 10%), cancer (biopsy confirming active malignancy), positive HIV test, or any disorder(s) that may compromise wound healing.
  • Subject is suffering from an abnormal skin condition on the affected area not usually associated with keloids such as psoriasis, or eczema.
  • Subject who is currently or has received topical or systemic steroid medication therapy within the past four weeks affecting the course of the keloid and/or its evaluability. Inhaled steroid therapy is acceptable.
  • Subject with the presence of acute infections in the areas intended for treatment.
  • Subject with known hypersensitivity to bovine collagen or to the components of the Apligraf agarose shipping medium.
  • Subject who is lactating or pregnant (positive result as determined by urine testing).
  • Subject with liver (ALT/SGPT, ALP, AST/SGOT, bilirubin, albumin, total protein, LDH) and/or renal function (BUN and creatinine) tests > 2 x upper limit of normal (ULN).
  • Subject who has been previously enrolled in any wound or investigational device study for any disease within the past four weeks.
  • Subject who has received an investigational drug or biological treatment within the past three months.
  • Subject previously treated with Apligraf, Dermagraft or any other cell therapy at the target keloid site.
  • Subject with a history of alcohol or substance abuse within the previous year, which could interfere with study compliance such as inability to attend scheduled study visits or compliance with home dressing changes.
  • Subject with a history of anaphylaxis.
  • Subject who, in the opinion of the Investigator, for any reason other than those listed above, will not be able to complete the study per protocol

Information from the National Library of Medicine

To learn more about this study, you or your doctor may contact the study research staff using the contact information provided by the sponsor.

Please refer to this study by its identifier (NCT number): NCT00587587

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United States, Florida
University of Miami, Miller School of Medicine, Division of Cosmetic Dermatology
Miami Beach, Florida, United States, 33140
Sponsors and Collaborators
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Principal Investigator: Heather Woolery-Lloyd, MD University of Miami, Miller School of Medicine, Division of Cosmetic Dermatology
Study Director: Damien Bates, MD, PhD, FRACS (Plast.) Organogenesis Inc.
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Responsible Party: Katherine B. Giovino, Director of Clinical Operations, Organogenesis Inc. Identifier: NCT00587587    
Other Study ID Numbers: 06-KEL-001-AG
First Posted: January 7, 2008    Key Record Dates
Results First Posted: August 19, 2011
Last Update Posted: August 19, 2011
Last Verified: August 2011
Additional relevant MeSH terms:
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Disease Attributes
Pathologic Processes
Collagen Diseases
Connective Tissue Diseases