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Absorptive Clearance in the Cystic Fibrosis Airway

The safety and scientific validity of this study is the responsibility of the study sponsor and investigators. Listing a study does not mean it has been evaluated by the U.S. Federal Government. Read our disclaimer for details. Identifier: NCT00541190
Recruitment Status : Completed
First Posted : October 10, 2007
Results First Posted : February 3, 2012
Last Update Posted : August 24, 2017
Information provided by (Responsible Party):
Tim Corcoran, University of Pittsburgh

Brief Summary:
The objective of this overall project is to develop a new aerosol-based technique for quantifying liquid absorption in the airways of subjects with cystic fibrosis(CF) that can be used to help develop new therapies. In CF, mutations in the CF gene result in dysfunction of the Cystic Fibrosis Transmembrane Conductance Regulator (CFTR) ion channel on the cells that line the airway epithelium, causing improper fluxes of ions such as sodium, chloride, and bicarbonate. The so called "low volume" hypothesis of CF pathogenesis contends that abnormal absorption of ions from the airways causes excessive absorption of liquid, resulting in an airway surface liquid layer that is dehydrated and difficult to clear. Here we are measuring the absorption rate of a radiolabeled small molecule (DTPA) from the lungs of cystic fibrosis patients and healthy controls. We hypothesize that the molecule will absorb more quickly in cystic fibrosis patients. Further studies will be performed to determine if DTPA absorption is related to liquid absorption in the airways.

Condition or disease Intervention/treatment Phase
Cystic Fibrosis Other: Technetium [Tc-99m] sulfur colloid and Indium [In-111] DTPA Not Applicable

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Study Type : Interventional  (Clinical Trial)
Actual Enrollment : 21 participants
Allocation: Non-Randomized
Intervention Model: Parallel Assignment
Masking: None (Open Label)
Primary Purpose: Basic Science
Official Title: Absorptive Clearance in the Cystic Fibrosis Airway
Study Start Date : October 2007
Actual Primary Completion Date : April 2008
Actual Study Completion Date : April 2008

Resource links provided by the National Library of Medicine

MedlinePlus related topics: Cystic Fibrosis
Drug Information available for: Indium

Arm Intervention/treatment
Experimental: cystic fibrosis
Cystic fibrosis patients
Other: Technetium [Tc-99m] sulfur colloid and Indium [In-111] DTPA
Subjects perform a single nuclear medicine scan after inhaling an aerosol containing Technetium 99m sulfur colloid and Indium 111 DTPA.

Experimental: healthy controls
Healthy control subjects
Other: Technetium [Tc-99m] sulfur colloid and Indium [In-111] DTPA
Subjects perform a single nuclear medicine scan after inhaling an aerosol containing Technetium 99m sulfur colloid and Indium 111 DTPA.

Primary Outcome Measures :
  1. Absorptive Clearance Rate [ Time Frame: single measurement ]
    The absorptive clearance rate is the percentage of the radiolabeled small molecule DTPA that is cleared through absorption over a 60 minute period. Total DTPA clearance includes absorptive and mucociliary components. The mucociliary component is determined by measuring the clearance of a radiolabeled particle over the same period (Technetium 99m sulfur colloid; Tc-SC), and subtracted from total DTPA clearance in order to determine the absorptive component. Here we specifically report absorption from the central lung zone to capture the behavior within the airways.

Secondary Outcome Measures :
  1. Mucociliary Clearance Rate [ Time Frame: single measurement ]
    Mucociliary clearance rate represents the rate at which the lungs clear an inhaled particulate. Here it specifically represents the percentage of inhaled Technetium 99m sulfur colloid cleared from the lungs over a 60 minute period. This is reported based on "whole lung" areas to allow comparisons with previous studies.

Information from the National Library of Medicine

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Ages Eligible for Study:   18 Years and older   (Adult, Older Adult)
Sexes Eligible for Study:   All
Accepts Healthy Volunteers:   Yes

Inclusion Criteria:

  • Cystic fibrosis subjects and healthy controls
  • Age ≥ 18 years
  • Diagnosis of cystic fibrosis as determined by sweat test or genotype and clinical symptoms (CF subjects)
  • Clinically stable as determined by the investigator (pulmonologist)

Exclusion Criteria:

  • Reactive airways disease
  • Tobacco smokers (regular smoking within 6 months of enrollment)
  • Positive urine pregnancy test on the day of testing
  • FEV1p value of < 50%
  • SaO2 < 92%, or if they require supplemental oxygen.
  • Subjects performing other radioisotope studies within the last 2 weeks will be excluded.
  • Healthy subjects with any history of lung disease will be excluded.
  • Women currently breastfeeding
  • Subjects not willing to stop treatments with inhaled hypertonic saline for 48 hours in advance of the study.

Information from the National Library of Medicine

To learn more about this study, you or your doctor may contact the study research staff using the contact information provided by the sponsor.

Please refer to this study by its identifier (NCT number): NCT00541190

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United States, Pennsylvania
University of Pittsburgh
Pittsburgh, Pennsylvania, United States, 15213
Sponsors and Collaborators
University of Pittsburgh
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Principal Investigator: Timothy E Corcoran, Ph.D. University of Pittsburgh
Publications automatically indexed to this study by Identifier (NCT Number):
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Responsible Party: Tim Corcoran, Assistant Professor, University of Pittsburgh Identifier: NCT00541190    
Other Study ID Numbers: PRO07060240
NIH K25 HL081533-02
First Posted: October 10, 2007    Key Record Dates
Results First Posted: February 3, 2012
Last Update Posted: August 24, 2017
Last Verified: July 2017
Individual Participant Data (IPD) Sharing Statement:
Plan to Share IPD: Yes
Keywords provided by Tim Corcoran, University of Pittsburgh:
cystic fibrosis
mucociliary clearance
outcome measures
Additional relevant MeSH terms:
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Cystic Fibrosis
Pathologic Processes
Pancreatic Diseases
Digestive System Diseases
Lung Diseases
Respiratory Tract Diseases
Genetic Diseases, Inborn
Infant, Newborn, Diseases