Help guide our efforts to modernize
Send us your comments by March 14, 2020. Menu

Effect of Epoetin Alfa on Hemoglobin, Symptom Distress, and Quality of Life in Patients Receiving Chemotherapy

The safety and scientific validity of this study is the responsibility of the study sponsor and investigators. Listing a study does not mean it has been evaluated by the U.S. Federal Government. Read our disclaimer for details. Identifier: NCT00524407
Recruitment Status : Completed
First Posted : September 3, 2007
Last Update Posted : April 2, 2010
Information provided by:
Ortho Biotech Clinical Affairs, L.L.C.

Brief Summary:
The purpose of this study was to compare the effectiveness of epoetin alfa treatment on hemoglobin (Hb) response, quality of life (QoL), health care resource utilization and patient productivity when epoetin alfa was administered during chemotherapy to patients with mild anemia or after waiting until patients became moderately anemic. Patients with lymphoma, chronic lymphocytic leukemia (CLL) or Multiple Myeloma (MM) were studied.

Condition or disease Intervention/treatment Phase
Chemotherapy Anemia Cancer Drug: Epoetin alfa Phase 4

Detailed Description:
This study was an open-label (patients and investigators knew what treatment was being given), randomized (patients were assigned to a treatment group by chance) study of lymphoma, chronic lymphocytic leukemia (CLL), or multiple myeloma patients. This study addressed the clinical and patient-management consequences of treating mild to moderate anemia (hemoglobin (Hb) between 10 and 12 g/dL). The design of the study compared the effect of treating higher Hb levels to current standard of care criteria on Hb levels, transfusion requirements, and patient reported outcomes (quality of life, health care resource utilization, and productivity). Patients were randomized according to their Hb levels. Two entry criteria were specified during the course of the trial. Initially, patients were enrolled with Hb levels >= 11 g/dL and then randomized to receive 1) Immediate epoetin alfa treatment or 2) Observed after Hb levels fell below 11 g/dL. Epoetin alfa treatment was provided to the Observed group if and when Hb levels fell below 9.0 g/dL. Slow recruitment of patients in to the study resulted in a protocol amendment. Subsequently, if a patient presented with a Hb between 10 and 12 g/dL, the patient was randomized to the Immediate or to the Observed groups. Patients presenting with Hgb > 12 g/dL but otherwise eligible, were not randomized until Hb dropped to <=12 g/dL. Patients remained in the study for up to 36 weeks. Safety assessments were performed throughout the study and included obtaining and evaluating laboratory tests, vital signs (e.g., blood pressure), and the occurrence and severity of adverse events. The starting dose of PROCRIT (Epoetin alfa) was administered subcutaneously (sc) as 40,000 Units (U) once weekly (qw). If after 3-4 weeks of therapy, the Hb did not increase by > 1.0 g/dL, the dose was increased to 60,000 U sc qw. If at any time, the Hb rose above 15 g/dL on 2 consecutive evaluations, PROCRIT (Epoetin alfa) was stopped until the Hb dropped to below 13 g/dL and then resumed.

Layout table for study information
Study Type : Interventional  (Clinical Trial)
Actual Enrollment : 273 participants
Allocation: Randomized
Intervention Model: Parallel Assignment
Masking: None (Open Label)
Primary Purpose: Treatment
Official Title: The Effects of PROCRIT (Epoetin Alfa) on Hemoglobin, Symptom Distress, and Quality of Life During Chemotherapy in Lymphoma, Chronic Lymphocytic Leukemia or Multiple Myeloma Patients With Mild to Moderate Anemia
Study Start Date : July 1996
Actual Study Completion Date : November 2002

Primary Outcome Measures :
  1. To measure the change in quality of life score as demonstrated by the FACT-An (Functional Assessment in Cancer Therapy - Anemia) and LASA (Linear Analogue Assessment Scale) tools over the 36 week study period.

Secondary Outcome Measures :
  1. Health care resource utilization. To measure transfusion requirements and change in Hb levels. All patients were followed for survival until closure of study which was the time the last patient in the entire study completed study participation.

Information from the National Library of Medicine

Choosing to participate in a study is an important personal decision. Talk with your doctor and family members or friends about deciding to join a study. To learn more about this study, you or your doctor may contact the study research staff using the contacts provided below. For general information, Learn About Clinical Studies.

Layout table for eligibility information
Ages Eligible for Study:   18 Years and older   (Adult, Older Adult)
Sexes Eligible for Study:   All
Accepts Healthy Volunteers:   No

Inclusion Criteria:

  • Patients must present with non-Hodgkins Lymphoma (Low, Intermediate or High Grade) or Hodgkins Disease, CLL or Multiple Myeloma
  • Life expectancy > 6 months with Karnofsky Performance Index of > =70
  • Evaluable lesion as objective indicator of response
  • Scheduled for at least one myelosuppressive cytotoxic regimen (experimental chemotherapy allowed) for at least 4-6 months
  • Patients with reproductive potential must have used an adequate contraceptive method
  • Transferrin saturation = 20% and serum ferritin = 50 ng/mL Bone marrow evaluations may be performed to determine if iron stores are adequate
  • histologic documentation of disease.

Exclusion Criteria:

  • Patients with no second active malignancy or history of other malignancy diagnosed within preceding 5 years (other than basal cell carcinoma or cervical cancer)
  • No uncontrolled hypertension
  • active, unresolved infection
  • anemia due to factors other than cancer/chemotherapy, i.e., iron, folate, hemolysis, or GI bleeding
  • Receiving Epoetin alfa independent of protocol
  • Received chemotherapy with the previous 14 days
  • Prior total lymphoid, extensive abdominal or inverted Y radiation therapy
  • No use of interferons or interleukins during study
  • No use of nonchemotherapy experimental agents within preceding 30 days
  • No Hodgkins Disease patients who are chemotherapy naïve
  • Received stem cell transplant.

Information from the National Library of Medicine

To learn more about this study, you or your doctor may contact the study research staff using the contact information provided by the sponsor.

Please refer to this study by its identifier (NCT number): NCT00524407

Sponsors and Collaborators
Ortho Biotech, Inc.
Layout table for investigator information
Study Director: Ortho Biotech, Inc. Clinical Trial Ortho Biotech, Inc.

Publications of Results:
Layout table for additonal information Identifier: NCT00524407    
Other Study ID Numbers: CR005125
First Posted: September 3, 2007    Key Record Dates
Last Update Posted: April 2, 2010
Last Verified: April 2010
Keywords provided by Ortho Biotech Clinical Affairs, L.L.C.:
hematologic response
subcutaneous injection
Epoetin alfa
Additional relevant MeSH terms:
Layout table for MeSH terms
Hematologic Diseases
Epoetin Alfa