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Tai Chi for Patients With Rheumatoid Arthritis

The safety and scientific validity of this study is the responsibility of the study sponsor and investigators. Listing a study does not mean it has been evaluated by the U.S. Federal Government. Read our disclaimer for details. Identifier: NCT00522054
Recruitment Status : Completed
First Posted : August 29, 2007
Last Update Posted : August 29, 2007
Information provided by:
Diakonhjemmet Hospital

Brief Summary:
The purpose of this study was to study the impact of Tai Chi group exercise on physical function, health and disease activity of patients with RA, and to examine the patients' experience and perception of Tai Chi.

Condition or disease Intervention/treatment Phase
Rheumatoid Arthritis Other: Physical exercise Not Applicable

Detailed Description:

Rheumatoid arthritis (RA) is a chronic, inflammatory and systemic disease that mainly affects the musculoskeletal system. The disease is often progressive and may result in reduced physical function, pain, fatigue, and joint destruction. Exercise programs are reported to improve physical functioning in patients with RA.

Tai Chi is a traditional Chinese martial art that was developed in the 13th century, and combines slow and gentle movements with mental focus.

The aim of this study was to examine the impact of a 12 weeks standardized Tai Chi group exercise program on disease activity, physical function and health status in patients with RA attending. Further, the patients experiences of possible effects of Tai Chi were to be obtained in a focus group interview.

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Study Type : Interventional  (Clinical Trial)
Actual Enrollment : 15 participants
Allocation: N/A
Intervention Model: Single Group Assignment
Masking: None (Open Label)
Primary Purpose: Treatment
Official Title: Tai Chi for Patients With Rheumatoid Arthritis: A Quantitative and Qualitative Study
Study Start Date : September 2004
Actual Study Completion Date : March 2005

Resource links provided by the National Library of Medicine

Arm Intervention/treatment
Single group study
Other: Physical exercise
Tai Chi exercise, twice a week during 12 weeks

Primary Outcome Measures :
  1. Balance was measured with Walking in a Figure of Eight. Strength and endurance were measured by Timed-Stands test. Shoulder function was measured with Assessments of Shoulder Movement Impairment Scale. [ Time Frame: 15 min ]

Secondary Outcome Measures :
  1. Blood samples were collected for determination of sedimentation rate (ESR) and C-reactive protein (CRP). A rheumatologist examined the patients with the number of 28 swollen and tender joints. [ Time Frame: 15 min ]
  2. Self-reported health status included Health Assessment Questionnaire, visual analogue scale for fatigue, muscle pain, and fear of falling, Short Form Health Survey and Arthritis Self-Efficacy Scale [ Time Frame: 15 min ]
  3. Focus group interview in order to capture the participants' experiences and perceptions with Tai Chi. [ Time Frame: 1 hour ]

Information from the National Library of Medicine

Choosing to participate in a study is an important personal decision. Talk with your doctor and family members or friends about deciding to join a study. To learn more about this study, you or your doctor may contact the study research staff using the contacts provided below. For general information, Learn About Clinical Studies.

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Ages Eligible for Study:   18 Years to 70 Years   (Adult, Older Adult)
Sexes Eligible for Study:   All
Accepts Healthy Volunteers:   No

Inclusion Criteria:

  • Diagnosis of RA according to the American College of Rheumatology (ACR) 1987
  • Stable medical treatment
  • No earlier experience with Tai Chi

Exclusion Criteria:

  • Lack of ability to bear weight on the lower extremities
  • Recent or ongoing disease flare
  • Unstable heart condition
  • Participation in other physical exercise interventions more than twice a week included in other intervention studies.

Information from the National Library of Medicine

To learn more about this study, you or your doctor may contact the study research staff using the contact information provided by the sponsor.

Please refer to this study by its identifier (NCT number): NCT00522054

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National resource center for rehabilitation in rheumatology. Diakonhjemmet Hospital
Oslo, Norway, 0319
Sponsors and Collaborators
Diakonhjemmet Hospital
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Study Chair: Camilla Fongen, MSc National Resource Center for Rehabilitation in Rheumatology
Additional Information:
Publications automatically indexed to this study by Identifier (NCT Number):
Layout table for additonal information Identifier: NCT00522054    
Other Study ID Numbers: 587-03244
First Posted: August 29, 2007    Key Record Dates
Last Update Posted: August 29, 2007
Last Verified: August 2007
Keywords provided by Diakonhjemmet Hospital:
Physical function
Rheumatoid arthritis
Tai Chi
Additional relevant MeSH terms:
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Arthritis, Rheumatoid
Joint Diseases
Musculoskeletal Diseases
Rheumatic Diseases
Connective Tissue Diseases
Autoimmune Diseases
Immune System Diseases