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A Trial to Evaluate the Safety and Immunogenicity of ADACEL® Vaccine in Persons 65 Years of Age and Older

The safety and scientific validity of this study is the responsibility of the study sponsor and investigators. Listing a study does not mean it has been evaluated by the U.S. Federal Government. Read our disclaimer for details.
ClinicalTrials.gov Identifier: NCT00457249
Recruitment Status : Completed
First Posted : April 6, 2007
Results First Posted : October 19, 2012
Last Update Posted : October 19, 2012
Information provided by (Responsible Party):

Brief Summary:

It is well recognized that older adults can contract pertussis, suffer its complications, and unwittingly transmit it to close contacts, which may well include infants too young to have received their primary series of DTaP vaccinations. ADACEL® vaccine is currently licensed in the US for persons 11 - 64 years of age, but no pertussis vaccine is yet approved for administration to older adults. The most widely used Td vaccine in the US, DECAVAC®, has no upper limit on its age indication.

The purpose of this trial is to describe the safety and immunogenicity of ADACEL® vaccine among individuals ≥ 65 years of age.

Condition or disease Intervention/treatment Phase
Pertussis Tetanus Diphtheria Biological: ADACEL®: Tetanus, Reduced Diphtheria and Acellular Pertussis Adsorbed Biological: DECAVAC®: Tetanus and Diphtheria Toxoids Adsorbed Phase 4

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Study Type : Interventional  (Clinical Trial)
Actual Enrollment : 1564 participants
Allocation: Randomized
Intervention Model: Parallel Assignment
Masking: Quadruple (Participant, Care Provider, Investigator, Outcomes Assessor)
Primary Purpose: Prevention
Official Title: Safety and Immunogenicity of Tetanus Toxoid, Reduced Diphtheria Toxoid and Acellular Pertussis Vaccine Adsorbed (ADACEL®) in Persons ≥65 Years of Age
Study Start Date : March 2007
Actual Primary Completion Date : September 2008
Actual Study Completion Date : November 2008

Arm Intervention/treatment
Experimental: Adacel Vaccine Group Biological: ADACEL®: Tetanus, Reduced Diphtheria and Acellular Pertussis Adsorbed
0.5 mL, IM
Other Name: ADACEL®

Active Comparator: DECAVAC Vaccine Group Biological: DECAVAC®: Tetanus and Diphtheria Toxoids Adsorbed
0.5 mL, IM
Other Name: DECAVAC®

Primary Outcome Measures :
  1. Geometric Mean Titers (GMTs) of Tetanus, Diphtheria, and Pertussis Antibodies Pre- and Post-Vaccination With ADACEL® or DECAVAC® Vaccine [ Time Frame: Day 35 post-vaccination ]
  2. Percentage of Participants With Post-vaccination Tetanus and Diphtheria Concentrations ≥0.10 IU/mL (Seroprotection) ADACEL® or DECAVAC®. [ Time Frame: Day 35 post-vaccination ]
    Seroprotection was defined as a post-vaccination Concentrations of ≥0.10 IU/mL.

  3. Percentage of Participants With Booster Response to Tetanus and Diphtheria Post-vaccination With ADACEL® or DECAVAC® Vaccine. [ Time Frame: Day 35 post-vaccination ]
    Booster response was defined as a minimum rise in antibody concentration from pre- to post-vaccination. The minimum rise is at least 2 times, if pre-vaccination concentration is above the the cutoff value (Tetanus 5.47 IU/mL; Diphtheria 1.28 IU/mL) or at least 4 times it it is at or below the cutoff value.

Other Outcome Measures:
  1. Number of Participants With At Least One Solicited Injection Site or Systemic Reaction Post-vaccination With Either ADACEL® or DECAVAC® Vaccine. [ Time Frame: Day 0 up to 14 days post-vaccination ]
    Solicited injection site reactions: Pain, Erythema, and Swelling; Solicited systemic reactions; Fever (Temperature), Headache, Myalgia, and Malaise.

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Ages Eligible for Study:   65 Years and older   (Older Adult)
Sexes Eligible for Study:   All
Accepts Healthy Volunteers:   Yes

Inclusion Criteria :

  • Ambulatory and not institutionalized.
  • At least 65 years of age at the time of vaccination.
  • Signed Institutional Review Board (IRB)-approved informed consent form.
  • Able to attend all scheduled visits and to comply with all trial procedures.

Exclusion Criteria :

  • Any condition which, in the opinion of the investigator, would pose a health risk to the participant or interfere with the evaluation of the vaccine.
  • Serious chronic disease (eg, cardiac, renal, neurologic, metabolic, rheumatologic, psychiatric) that is unstable or that, in the opinion of the investigator, might:

    • interfere with the ability to participate fully in the study; or
    • interfere with evaluation of the vaccine.
  • Known or suspected impairment of immunologic function, including use of immune suppressive medications (eg, rheumatoid arthritis drugs such as methotrexate; cancer chemotherapy agents such as vincristine).
  • Febrile illness within the last 72 hours or an oral temperature ≥ 100.4°F (≥ 38°C) at the time of inclusion.
  • Any history of documented tetanus, diphtheria or pertussis disease.
  • Known or suspected receipt of a tetanus, diphtheria or acellular pertussis containing vaccine within the preceding 5 years.
  • Administration of immune globulin or other blood products within the last three months, or systemic corticosteroid therapy (prednisone or equivalent) for more than 2 consecutive weeks within the past 6 months.
  • Systemic antibiotic therapy within the 72 hours prior to enrollment.
  • Received any vaccine, other than influenza vaccine, in the 30-day period prior to enrollment or scheduled to receive any vaccine, other than influenza vaccine, in the 35-day period after enrollment. For influenza vaccine only, defer if received in the 14-day period prior to enrollment or scheduled to receive in the 14-day period after enrollment.
  • Suspected or known hypersensitivity to any of the vaccine components.
  • Participation in another interventional clinical trial in the 4 weeks preceding enrollment or planning to participate in another interventional clinical trial during the planned period of this study.
  • Use of alcohol or drugs in a manner that may, in the opinion of the investigator, interfere with the subject's ability to comply with trial visits or procedures.
  • Thrombocytopenia or bleeding disorder contraindicating intramuscular vaccination.
  • Subject deprived of freedom by an administrative or court order, or in an emergency setting, or hospitalized without his/her consent, or requires a legally authorized representative.

Information from the National Library of Medicine

To learn more about this study, you or your doctor may contact the study research staff using the contact information provided by the sponsor.

Please refer to this study by its ClinicalTrials.gov identifier (NCT number): NCT00457249

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United States, Arizona
Chandler, Arizona, United States, 85224
Phoenix, Arizona, United States, 85014
United States, California
Cypress, California, United States, 90630
San Luis Obispo, California, United States, 93405
United States, Georgia
Atlanta, Georgia, United States, 30322
United States, Illinois
Chicago, Illinois, United States, 60610
United States, Louisiana
New Orleans, Louisiana, United States, 70119
United States, Maryland
Rockville, Maryland, United States, 20854
United States, Minnesota
Minneapolis, Minnesota, United States, 55417
United States, Missouri
St. Louis, Missouri, United States, 63141
United States, Ohio
Akron, Ohio, United States, 44308
Cincinnati, Ohio, United States, 45249
Mogadore, Ohio, United States, 44260
United States, Tennessee
Knoxville, Tennessee, United States, 37920
United States, Utah
Salt Lake City, Utah, United States, 84109
Salt Lake City, Utah, United States, 84121
West Jordan, Utah, United States, 84084
United States, Virginia
Annandale, Virginia, United States, 22003
Williamsburg, Virginia, United States, 23187
Sponsors and Collaborators
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Study Director: Medical Director Sanofi Pasteur Inc.
Additional Information:
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Responsible Party: Sanofi
ClinicalTrials.gov Identifier: NCT00457249    
Other Study ID Numbers: TD515
First Posted: April 6, 2007    Key Record Dates
Results First Posted: October 19, 2012
Last Update Posted: October 19, 2012
Last Verified: September 2012
Keywords provided by Sanofi:
Additional relevant MeSH terms:
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Whooping Cough
Bordetella Infections
Gram-Negative Bacterial Infections
Bacterial Infections
Bacterial Infections and Mycoses
Respiratory Tract Infections
Respiratory Tract Diseases
Clostridium Infections
Gram-Positive Bacterial Infections
Neuromuscular Manifestations
Neurologic Manifestations
Nervous System Diseases
Calcium Metabolism Disorders
Metabolic Diseases
Corynebacterium Infections
Actinomycetales Infections