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VEGF Trap in Treating Patients With Recurrent Stage III or Stage IV Melanoma That Cannot Be Removed by Surgery

The safety and scientific validity of this study is the responsibility of the study sponsor and investigators. Listing a study does not mean it has been evaluated by the U.S. Federal Government. Read our disclaimer for details. Identifier: NCT00450255
Recruitment Status : Completed
First Posted : March 22, 2007
Results First Posted : February 4, 2015
Last Update Posted : May 24, 2018
Information provided by (Responsible Party):
National Cancer Institute (NCI)

Brief Summary:
This phase II trial is studying how well VEGF Trap works in treating patients with recurrent stage III or stage IV melanoma that cannot be removed by surgery. Combinations of biological substances in VEGF Trap may be able to carry tumor-killing substances directly to melanoma cells. It may also stop the growth of melanoma by blocking blood flow to the tumor.

Condition or disease Intervention/treatment Phase
Ciliary Body and Choroid Melanoma, Medium/Large Size Extraocular Extension Melanoma Iris Melanoma Metastatic Intraocular Melanoma Recurrent Intraocular Melanoma Recurrent Melanoma Stage III Melanoma Stage IV Melanoma Biological: ziv-aflibercept Other: pharmacological study Phase 2

Detailed Description:


I. Determine the antitumor response rate (complete and partial response) in patients with recurrent inoperable stage III or IV melanoma treated with VEGF Trap.

II. Compare the progression-free survival of patients treated with this regimen vs historical controls.


I. Determine the overall survival of patients treated with this regimen. II. Determine the toxicity and tolerability of this regimen in these patients. III. Determine the impact of this regimen on laboratory correlates including anti-VEGF Trap antibody testing and pharmacokinetics in these patients.

OUTLINE: This is a multicenter study.

Patients receive VEGF Trap IV over 1 hour on day 1. Treatment repeats every 14 days for at least 6 courses in the absence of disease progression or unacceptable toxicity.

Blood samples are collected at baseline, prior to course 2, and 60 days after completion of study treatment for pharmacokinetic and pharmacodynamic studies. Samples are analyzed by enzyme-linked immunosorbent assay.

After completion of study treatment, patients are followed periodically for 5 years.

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Study Type : Interventional  (Clinical Trial)
Actual Enrollment : 41 participants
Allocation: N/A
Intervention Model: Single Group Assignment
Masking: None (Open Label)
Primary Purpose: Treatment
Official Title: A Phase 2 Study Evaluating the Efficacy of VEGF Trap in Patients With Recurrent Inoperable Stage III or Stage IV Melanoma
Study Start Date : June 2007
Actual Primary Completion Date : January 2011
Actual Study Completion Date : January 2011

Arm Intervention/treatment
Experimental: Arm I
Patients receive Aflibercept IV at 4 mg/kg over 1 hour on day 1. Treatment repeats every 14 days for at least 6 courses in the absence of disease progression or unacceptable toxicity.
Biological: ziv-aflibercept
Given IV
Other Names:
  • aflibercept
  • vascular endothelial growth factor trap
  • VEGF Trap
  • Zaltrap

Other: pharmacological study
Correlative studies
Other Name: pharmacological studies

Primary Outcome Measures :
  1. Objective Response Rate (CR + PR) [ Time Frame: Start of treatment to disease progression/recurrence, up to 5 years ]
    Using the RECIST v1.0 criteria for target lesions assessed by CT or MRI: Complete Response (CR), Disappearance of all target lesions; Partial Response (PR), >=30% decrease in the sum of the longest diameter of target lesions; Objective Response = CR + PR.",

  2. 4 Month Progression-free Survival [ Time Frame: 4 months ]
    Estimated using the product-limit method of Kaplan and Meier. Progression is defined using Response Evaluation Criteria In Solid Tumors Criteria (RECIST v1.0), as a 20% increase in the sum of the longest diameter of target lesions, or a measurable increase in a non-target lesion, or the appearance of new lesions.

Secondary Outcome Measures :
  1. Overall Survival [ Time Frame: From the initial date of treatment to the recorded date of death, assessed up to 5 years ]
    Will be estimated by the Kaplan-Meier method.

  2. Number of Participants With Toxicities [ Time Frame: Up to 5 years ]
    The descriptions and grading scales found in the NCI Common Terminology Criteria for Adverse Events (CTCAE) version 3.0 were utilized for AE grading and reporting. Grade 3 and higher adverse events considered possibly, probably or definitely related to aflibercept are summarized.

  3. Impact of the VEGF Trap Therapy on Laboratory Correlates [ Time Frame: Up to 5 years ]

Information from the National Library of Medicine

Choosing to participate in a study is an important personal decision. Talk with your doctor and family members or friends about deciding to join a study. To learn more about this study, you or your doctor may contact the study research staff using the contacts provided below. For general information, Learn About Clinical Studies.

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Ages Eligible for Study:   18 Years to 120 Years   (Adult, Older Adult)
Sexes Eligible for Study:   All
Accepts Healthy Volunteers:   No

Inclusion Criteria:

  • Histologically confirmed stage III or IV melanoma
  • Cutaneous, ocular, or mucosal melanoma allowed
  • Recurrent, inoperable disease
  • Measurable disease, defined as ≥ 1 unidimensionally measurable lesion ≥ 20 mm by conventional techniques OR ≥ 10 mm by spiral CT scan
  • No evidence of CNS disease, including primary brain tumor or brain metastases
  • No brain metastases by MRI or CT scan within the past 4 weeks
  • ECOG performance status (PS) 0-2 OR Karnofsky PS 60-100%
  • Life expectancy > 3 months
  • WBC ≥ 3,000/mm³
  • Absolute neutrophil count ≥ 1,500/mm³
  • Platelet count ≥ 75,000/mm³
  • Bilirubin < 1.5 times upper limit of normal (ULN)
  • AST and ALT ≤ 2.5 times ULN
  • Creatinine ≤ 1.5 times ULN OR creatinine clearance ≥ 60 mL/min
  • Urine protein:creatinine ratio < 1 OR urine protein < 500 mg by 24-hour urine collection
  • PT INR ≤ 1.5 unless on full-dose warfarin
  • Not pregnant or nursing
  • Negative pregnancy test
  • Fertile patients must use effective contraception during and for ≥ 6 months after completion of study treatment
  • No known hypersensitivity to Chinese hamster ovary cell products or other recombinant human antibodies
  • No history of allergic reactions attributed to compounds of similar chemical or biological composition to agents used in the study
  • No serious or nonhealing wound, ulcer, or bone fracture
  • No abdominal fistula, gastrointestinal perforation, or intra-abdominal abscess within the past 28 days
  • No significant traumatic injury within the past 28 days
  • No clinically significant cardiovascular disease, including any of the following:

    • Cerebrovascular accident within the past 6 months
    • Uncontrolled hypertension, defined as blood pressure (BP) > 150/100 mm Hg or systolic BP > 180 mm Hg if diastolic BP < 90 mm Hg within the past 3 months
    • Myocardial infarction, coronary artery bypass graft, or unstable angina within the past 6 months
    • New York Heart Association class III-IV congestive heart failure
    • Serious cardiac arrhythmia requiring medication
    • Unstable angina pectoris within the past 6 months
    • Clinically significant peripheral vascular disease within the past 6 months
    • Pulmonary embolism, deep vein thrombosis, or other thromboembolic event within the past 6 months
    • No evidence of bleeding diathesis or coagulopathy
  • No concurrent uncontrolled illness, including, but not limited to any of the following:

    • Ongoing or active infection
    • Psychiatric illness or social situation that would preclude study compliance
  • Recovered from all prior therapy and major surgery
  • No prior chemotherapy or hormonal therapy
  • More than 7 days since prior core visceral organ biopsy
  • More than 4 weeks since prior biologic therapy or radiotherapy
  • More than 28 days since prior major surgery or open biopsy
  • No concurrent major surgery
  • No other concurrent investigational agents
  • No concurrent combination antiretroviral therapy for HIV-positive patients
  • Concurrent full-dose warfarin with PT INR > 1.5 allowed provided the following criteria are met:

    • INR in range (2-3) on a stable dose of oral anticoagulant or low molecular weight heparin
    • No active bleeding or pathological condition that carries a high risk of bleeding (e.g., tumor involving major vessels or known varices)

Information from the National Library of Medicine

To learn more about this study, you or your doctor may contact the study research staff using the contact information provided by the sponsor.

Please refer to this study by its identifier (NCT number): NCT00450255

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United States, California
City of Hope
Duarte, California, United States, 91010
Sponsors and Collaborators
National Cancer Institute (NCI)
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Principal Investigator: Ahmad Tarhini University of Pittsburgh
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Responsible Party: National Cancer Institute (NCI) Identifier: NCT00450255    
Other Study ID Numbers: NCI-2009-00182
NCI-2009-00182 ( Registry Identifier: CTRP (Clinical Trial Reporting Program) )
PHII-77 ( Other Identifier: City of Hope )
7522 ( Other Identifier: CTEP )
N01CM62209 ( U.S. NIH Grant/Contract )
P30CA033572 ( U.S. NIH Grant/Contract )
First Posted: March 22, 2007    Key Record Dates
Results First Posted: February 4, 2015
Last Update Posted: May 24, 2018
Last Verified: April 2018
Additional relevant MeSH terms:
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Uveal Neoplasms
Neuroendocrine Tumors
Neuroectodermal Tumors
Neoplasms, Germ Cell and Embryonal
Neoplasms by Histologic Type
Neoplasms, Nerve Tissue
Nevi and Melanomas
Eye Neoplasms
Neoplasms by Site
Eye Diseases
Uveal Diseases
Endothelial Growth Factors
Growth Substances
Physiological Effects of Drugs