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Rituximab Treatment of Graves' Dysthyroid Ophthalmopathy

The safety and scientific validity of this study is the responsibility of the study sponsor and investigators. Listing a study does not mean it has been evaluated by the U.S. Federal Government. Read our disclaimer for details. Identifier: NCT00424151
Recruitment Status : Completed
First Posted : January 18, 2007
Last Update Posted : October 6, 2010
Lauer, Simeon, M.D.
Reier, Alice M.D.
Coleman, Morton M.D.
Information provided by:
Silkiss, Rona Z., M.D., FACS

Brief Summary:
This study is designed to treat patients with Graves' disease with Rituximab in an attempt to prevent or reverse the physically deforming and debilitating consequences of this disease.

Condition or disease Intervention/treatment Phase
Graves' Dysthyroid Ophthalmopathy Thyroid Related Orbitopathy Drug: Rituximab Phase 1 Phase 2

Detailed Description:
Graves' Dysthyroid ophthalmopathy is an autoimmune disease characterized by inflammatory changes of the periocular and orbital region often in association with an underlying thyroid abnormality. These changes can be extremely debilitating and may lead to visual loss. Attempts at limiting or reversing the phenotypic expression of Graves' ophthalmopathy through aggressive orbital decompression surgery or targeting the inflammatory disease, using high dose systemic corticosteroids and/or orbital radiotherapy, have been limited to date by treatment ineffectiveness and co-morbidities. Selective B-cell depletion therapy offers a potential treatment alternative. This study is designed to treat patients with Graves' disease with Rituximab in an attempt to prevent or reverse the physically deforming and debilitating consequences of this disease.

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Study Type : Interventional  (Clinical Trial)
Actual Enrollment : 12 participants
Allocation: Non-Randomized
Intervention Model: Single Group Assignment
Masking: None (Open Label)
Primary Purpose: Treatment
Official Title: Rituximab Treatment of Graves' Dysthyroid Ophthalmopathy Phase I/II
Study Start Date : December 2006
Actual Primary Completion Date : March 2009
Actual Study Completion Date : March 2009

Resource links provided by the National Library of Medicine

MedlinePlus related topics: Eye Diseases
Drug Information available for: Rituximab

Primary Outcome Measures :
  1. Clinical response to treatment, alteration in immunoglobulin levels [ Time Frame: One year post infusion ]
  2. To assess the safety and tolerability of Rituximab in Graves' dysthyroid disease up to 24 weeks. Adverse and serious adverse events during the study period, reasonably or probably related to Rituximab, will be assessed at each study visit up to 12 month [ Time Frame: One year ]
  3. Efficacy: [ Time Frame: One year after treatment ]
  4. A significant (25%) reduction in progression of Thyroid Associated Ophthalmopathy or disease activity as measured by the thyroid associated ophthalmopathy scale (University of British Columbia Thyroid Orbitopathy Inflammatory Score) up to 24 weeks. [ Time Frame: One year ]

Secondary Outcome Measures :
  1. To evaluate for a reduction in disease activity as measured by: [ Time Frame: One year ]
  2. Reduction (25%) of elevated antibody levels- serum thyroid stimulating immunoglobulin (TSI), antithyroidperoxidase antibody (TPO) or antithyroglobulin levels at 24 weeks. [ Time Frame: One year ]
  3. MRI of the orbit with coronal and axial views to evaluate evidence of optic nerve crowding, muscle size reduction or decreased proptosis during treatment and follow up interval at 24 weeks. [ Time Frame: Six months ]

Information from the National Library of Medicine

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Ages Eligible for Study:   18 Years and older   (Adult, Older Adult)
Sexes Eligible for Study:   All
Accepts Healthy Volunteers:   No

Inclusion Criteria:

  • Patients eighteen years of age or older.Diagnosed with Graves' dysthyroid ophthalmopathy within one year of presentation.
  • Manifest significant ophthalmic findings of active Graves' disease. (Clinical activity score 4 or greater)
  • Evidence of thyroid abnormality (hyper or hypo thyroid) prior to thyroid treatment
  • Elevated thyroid stimulating immunoglobulin, antithyroid peroxidase antibody or antithyroglobulin antibody.

Exclusion Criteria:

Long standing chronic disease. (greater than one year) History of ineffective prior orbital irradiation. Clinical activity score of less than 4.

  • ANC < 1.5 x 103
  • Hemoglobin: < 8.5 gm/dL
  • Platelets: < 100,000/mm
  • AST or ALT >2.5 x Upper Limit of Normal unless related to primary disease.
  • IgG: < 5.6 mg/dl and IgM: < .55 mg/dl
  • Positive Hepatitis B or C serology (Hep B Surface antigen and Hep C antibody)
  • History of positive HIV (HIV conducted during screening if applicable)
  • Treatment with any investigational agent within 4 weeks of screening or 5 half-lives of the investigational drug (whichever is longer)
  • Receipt of a live vaccine within 4 weeks prior to randomization
  • Previous Treatment with Rituximab (MabThera® / Rituxan®)
  • History of severe allergic or anaphylactic reactions to humanized or murine monoclonal antibodies
  • History of recurrent significant infection or history of recurrent bacterial infections
  • Known active bacterial, viral fungal mycobacterial, or other infection (including tuberculosis or atypical, mycobacterial disease, but excluding fungal infections of nail beds) or any major episode of infection requiring hospitalization or treatment with i.v. antibiotics within 4 weeks of screening or oral antibiotics within 2 weeks prior to screening
  • Lack of peripheral venous access
  • History of drug, alcohol, or chemical abuse within 6 months prior to screening
  • Pregnancy (a negative serum pregnancy test should be performed for all women of childbearing potential within 7 days of treatment) or lactation
  • Concomitant malignancies or previous malignancies, with the exception of adequately treated basal or squamous cell carcinoma of the skin or carcinoma in situ of the cervix
  • History of psychiatric disorder that would interfere with normal participation in this protocol
  • Significant cardiac, including significant or uncontrolled arrhythmia, or pulmonary disease (including obstructive pulmonary disease)
  • History of systemic lupus erythematosis
  • Any other disease, metabolic dysfunction, physical examination finding, or clinical laboratory finding giving reasonable suspicion of a disease or condition that contraindicates the use of an investigational drug or that may affect the interpretation of the results or render the patient at high risk from treatment complications.

Inability to comply with study and follow-up procedures


Information from the National Library of Medicine

To learn more about this study, you or your doctor may contact the study research staff using the contact information provided by the sponsor.

Please refer to this study by its identifier (NCT number): NCT00424151

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United States, California
Rona Z. Silkiss, MD, FACS
Oakland, California, United States, 94609
United States, New York
Simeon A. Lauer, MD
New York, New York, United States, 10021
Sponsors and Collaborators
Silkiss, Rona Z., M.D., FACS
Lauer, Simeon, M.D.
Reier, Alice M.D.
Coleman, Morton M.D.
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Principal Investigator: Rona Z Silkiss, MD California Pacific Medical Center
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Responsible Party: Rona Z. Silkiss, MD, FACS Identifier: NCT00424151    
Other Study ID Numbers: U4126s
First Posted: January 18, 2007    Key Record Dates
Last Update Posted: October 6, 2010
Last Verified: October 2010
Keywords provided by Silkiss, Rona Z., M.D., FACS:
Graves' Disease
Dysthyroid Ophthalmopathy
Thyroid related orbitopathy
Additional relevant MeSH terms:
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Eye Diseases
Graves Ophthalmopathy
Thyroid Diseases
Endocrine System Diseases
Eye Diseases, Hereditary
Graves Disease
Orbital Diseases
Genetic Diseases, Inborn
Autoimmune Diseases
Immune System Diseases
Antineoplastic Agents, Immunological
Antineoplastic Agents
Immunologic Factors
Physiological Effects of Drugs
Antirheumatic Agents