Working… Menu
Help guide our efforts to modernize
Send us your comments by March 14, 2020.

Decision-Making of Hispanics and African-Americans With HIV/AIDS Participating in Clinical Trials

The safety and scientific validity of this study is the responsibility of the study sponsor and investigators. Listing a study does not mean it has been evaluated by the U.S. Federal Government. Read our disclaimer for details. Identifier: NCT00394004
Recruitment Status : Completed
First Posted : October 31, 2006
Last Update Posted : July 2, 2017
Information provided by:
National Institutes of Health Clinical Center (CC)

Brief Summary:

This study will use focus groups and in-depth individual interviews to explore factors that influence the decision of Hispanics and African-Americans with HIV/AIDS to participate in a research study.

HIV-positive Hispanic and African-American patients 18 years of age and older who are enrolled in an NIH HIV/AIDS protocol may be eligible for Part 1, Part 2, or both parts of this study, as follows:

Part 1 - Focus group

Focus group participants of from six to ten people are interviewed together during a one-time, 2-hour tape-recorded session to explore how they arrived at their decision to enroll in a research study. The group discussion is led by a moderator and a facilitator. Before the session begins, participants complete questionnaires that include information about their age, race, ethnicity, education and social support. Hispanic participants also complete a questionnaire about language preference. At the end of the focus group, participants are offered to be interviewed individually, as described below.

Part 2 - In-depth interview

An investigator conducts a one-on-one in-depth interview with the participant while a second person observes and tape records the interview. The interview may take from 1 1/2 to 2 hours to complete. Participants who were not in a focus group are asked to complete questionnaires as described in Part 1 above.

Condition or disease
HIV Infections Acquired Immunodeficiency Syndrome

Detailed Description:

The realities of health disparities are well documented. The HIV/AIDS epidemic is a health crisis for African Americans and a serious threat to the Hispanic Community. In 2003, African Americans accounted for 50% of the new HIV/AIDS cases. According to the U.S. Census Bureau, Census 2000 Brief, African Americans/Blacks make up 12.9% of the U.S. population and account for 40% of the 929,985 estimated AIDS cases. The U. S. Census Bureau also reports as of May 2001 Hispanics account for 12.5% of the population. In 2002, the Centers for Disease Control (CDC) reported that Hispanics accounted for 13% of the new cases with an increase of 26% since 1999. As the numbers indicate, HIV/AIDS is a serious concern to both African Americans and Hispanics.

Additionally there is an underrepresentation of Hispanics and African Americans in clinical trials. It is critical that Hispanics and African Americans with HIV/AIDS be included in clinical trials. Minority underrepresentation in clinical trials prohibits generalizability of results and is of significant concern.

In this study, we propose examining the decision making processes of Hispanics and African Americans with HIV/AIDS around their decision to enter a clinical trial in an effort to develop a future instrument to measure decision making in this population. This is a descriptive, exploratory mixed methods study designed to examine the decision-making process among a convenience sample of minority patients who are enrolled in active HIV/AIDS protocols.

Through focus groups and in-depth interviews, participants will be asked about the factor(s) that influence their decision to participate in research. By asking the participants directly, we may gain a better understanding of their decision-making process. Obtaining these data may provide strategies for facilitating inclusion of Hispanics and African Americans with HIV/AIDS into clinical trials.

Layout table for study information
Study Type : Observational
Actual Enrollment : 35 participants
Official Title: Exploring Decision Making of Hispanics and African Americans With HIV/AIDS Participating in Clinical Trials
Study Start Date : October 26, 2006
Study Completion Date : April 26, 2011

Resource links provided by the National Library of Medicine

Information from the National Library of Medicine

Choosing to participate in a study is an important personal decision. Talk with your doctor and family members or friends about deciding to join a study. To learn more about this study, you or your doctor may contact the study research staff using the contacts provided below. For general information, Learn About Clinical Studies.

Layout table for eligibility information
Ages Eligible for Study:   18 Years and older   (Adult, Older Adult)
Sexes Eligible for Study:   All
Accepts Healthy Volunteers:   No

    1. Patients enrolled in at least one active NIH HIV/AIDS protocol.
    2. Age greater than or equal to 18 years.
    3. Willingness and capacity to provide informed consent.
    4. Self-identifying as Hispanic/Latino or African American/Black.
    5. Be HIV-positive.
    6. Willing to have comments recorded on audiotape.


  1. Age less than 18 years.
  2. Self-identifying as other than Hispanic/Latino or African American/Black.
  3. Patients only enrolled in the Natural History HIV Protocol, 95-I-0072, Clinical Virologic and Immunologic Evaluation and Monitoring of Patients with Known or Suspected HIV Infection.

Information from the National Library of Medicine

To learn more about this study, you or your doctor may contact the study research staff using the contact information provided by the sponsor.

Please refer to this study by its identifier (NCT number): NCT00394004

Layout table for location information
United States, Maryland
National Institutes of Health Clinical Center, 9000 Rockville Pike
Bethesda, Maryland, United States, 20892
Sponsors and Collaborators
National Institutes of Health Clinical Center (CC)

Layout table for additonal information Identifier: NCT00394004    
Other Study ID Numbers: 070015
First Posted: October 31, 2006    Key Record Dates
Last Update Posted: July 2, 2017
Last Verified: April 26, 2011
Keywords provided by National Institutes of Health Clinical Center (CC):
Decision Making
Health Disparities
Clinical Trials
HIV Positive
Additional relevant MeSH terms:
Layout table for MeSH terms
HIV Infections
Acquired Immunodeficiency Syndrome
Immunologic Deficiency Syndromes
Lentivirus Infections
Retroviridae Infections
RNA Virus Infections
Virus Diseases
Sexually Transmitted Diseases, Viral
Sexually Transmitted Diseases
Immune System Diseases
Slow Virus Diseases