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Can Ultrasound be Used to Verify CVC Position and to Exclude Pneumothorax?

The safety and scientific validity of this study is the responsibility of the study sponsor and investigators. Listing a study does not mean it has been evaluated by the U.S. Federal Government. Read our disclaimer for details. Identifier: NCT00388375
Recruitment Status : Terminated (Not feasible, did not have the study population.)
First Posted : October 16, 2006
Last Update Posted : October 20, 2014
Information provided by (Responsible Party):
Christiana Care Health Services

Brief Summary:
The purpose of this study is to determine if emergency room physicians can use bedside ultrasound to quickly determine the proper placement of a central venous catheter and to evaluate for complications such as a punctured lung.

Condition or disease Intervention/treatment Phase
Catheterization, Central Venous Procedure: Ultrasound Not Applicable

Detailed Description:

Central venous catheterization (CVC) of the subclavian or internal jugular veins is a common procedure performed in the emergency department (ED). This procedure is followed by complications in 0.3 to 12% of cases. Pneumothorax (PTX) and catheter-tip misplacement can occur. The diagnosis of these complications requires a chest radiograph (CXR). In certain cases, CXR may be time-consuming, requiring more than 30 minutes. This could be harmful in the case of critically ill patients. Moreover, several investigators have questioned the need of routine post-procedural CXR in the absence of clinical complications.

Recent data has shown that ultrasound can accurately detect PTX in critically ill patients. Furthermore, bedside ultrasound is an easy technique to investigate the subclavian and internal jugular veins, and can improve the success rate of catheter insertion. Ultrasound also allows visualization of central venous catheters in vivo. Ultrasound has been reported as a tool to detect catheterization complications and misplacement when performed by ICU physicians, but has never been studied in the ED.

This method could be valuable in hemodynamically unstable patients, who quickly need a CVC for the measurement of central venous pressure, immediate fluid resuscitation, and infusion of vasoactive medications. Similarly, bedside ultrasound examination could quickly confirm PTX and allow immediate chest tube insertion in case of respiratory distress after catheter insertion.

We hypothesize that bedside ultrasound examination performed by ED physicians could accurately detect placement of the CVC and the presence or absence of a PTX after catheterization of the jugular and subclavian veins.

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Study Type : Interventional  (Clinical Trial)
Actual Enrollment : 23 participants
Allocation: Non-Randomized
Intervention Model: Single Group Assignment
Masking: None (Open Label)
Primary Purpose: Diagnostic
Official Title: Can Ultrasound be Used as an Alternative to Chest Radiography After Central Venous Catheter Insertion to Confirm Proper Catheter Position and to Exclude Pneumothorax?
Study Start Date : October 2006
Actual Primary Completion Date : December 2008
Actual Study Completion Date : December 2008

Resource links provided by the National Library of Medicine

Arm Intervention/treatment
No Intervention: CVC Internal Jugular or Subclavian Vein Procedure: Ultrasound
limited ultrasound examination to evaluate the following areas: Examination of the subclavian and internal jugular veins to assess proper catheter placement PTX detection, using lung sliding and comet-tail artifact Visualization of the heart (right atrium and ventricle) and the inferior vena cava through the subcostal window

Primary Outcome Measures :
  1. The presence or absence of a misplaced CVC as detected by US and CXR. [ Time Frame: 10 Minutes ]
  2. The presence or absence of PTX as detected by US and CXR [ Time Frame: 10 minutes ]

Secondary Outcome Measures :
  1. Time needed to complete the US exam and CXR [ Time Frame: varies ]

Information from the National Library of Medicine

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Ages Eligible for Study:   18 Years and older   (Adult, Older Adult)
Sexes Eligible for Study:   All
Accepts Healthy Volunteers:   No

Inclusion Criteria:

  • Male or female 18 years or older
  • Signed consent
  • In need of subclavian or internal jugular central line placement

Exclusion Criteria:

  • Any subject who refuses or whose family refuses to sign consent
  • Any subject in whose immediate transfer from the care of the ED to another location is mandated by clinical presentation
  • Any subject under the age of 18
  • Any subject being evaluated for chest trauma.

Information from the National Library of Medicine

To learn more about this study, you or your doctor may contact the study research staff using the contact information provided by the sponsor.

Please refer to this study by its identifier (NCT number): NCT00388375

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United States, Delaware
Christiana Care Heath System
Newark, Delaware, United States, 19718
Sponsors and Collaborators
Christiana Care Health Services
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Principal Investigator: Jason Nomura, MD Christiana Care Health Services
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Responsible Party: Christiana Care Health Services Identifier: NCT00388375    
Other Study ID Numbers: 25185
First Posted: October 16, 2006    Key Record Dates
Last Update Posted: October 20, 2014
Last Verified: November 2012
Additional relevant MeSH terms:
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Pleural Diseases
Respiratory Tract Diseases