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Anti-Oxidant Therapy In Chronic Renal Insufficiency (ATIC) Study

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ClinicalTrials.gov Identifier: NCT00384618
Recruitment Status : Terminated
First Posted : October 6, 2006
Last Update Posted : October 6, 2006
Information provided by:

Study Description
Brief Summary:
The ATIC study is a randomised, double- blind, placebo-controlled trial in which the effects of oxidative stress-lowering treatment on vascular function and structure are studied in patients with chronic non-diabetic renal failure who are free from manifest arterial occlusive disease. Participants in the trial were randomised to active treatment consisting of add-on therapy with pravastatin, vitamin E and homocysteine-lowering therapy, or to placebo. Subjects not using angiotensin converting enzyme inhibitors (ACE-inhibitors) or angiotensin receptor blockers (ARBs) at inclusion were put on ACE-inhibitors for at least two weeks before the baseline measurement and randomisation. Those who were on ARBs continued their ARBs. We excluded individuals with diabetes mellitus (ADA criteria), active vasculitis, nephrotic syndrome (>3gr/24hr urine protein), renal transplantation, fasting total cholesterol > 7 mmol/L, cholesterol-lowering therapy within three months prior to inclusion or known ischemic cardiac, cerebrovascular or peripheral arterial disease. Ninety-three patients (out of 118 eligible patients) took part in the study and written informed consent was obtained from all participants.

Condition or disease Intervention/treatment Phase
Chronic Kidney Disease Drug: pravastatin Drug: vitamin E Phase 4

Detailed Description:

Background: Patients with mild-to-moderate renal failure have an increased risk of cardiovascular disease (CVD), which is not fully explained by the presence of classical cardiovascular risk factors. Oxidative stress has been proposed to play a major role in the development of CVD among renal failure patients. We investigated, in patients with mild-to-moderate chronic kidney disease (CKD), the effect of an oxidative-stress-lowering therapy with pravastatin, vitamin E and homocysteine-lowering on carotid intima-media thickness and endothelial function (two strong surrogate markers of cardiovascular risk), and renal function.

Methods: 93 patients with CKD (Cockcroft-Gault equation; mean: 41±17 ml / min per 1.73 m2) who were free of manifest arterial occlusive disease and diabetes mellitus were included in the Anti-oxidant Therapy In Chronic renal insufficiency (ATIC) study, a randomized, double-blind, placebo-controlled trial. The active treatment group received pravastatin 40 mg/day to which after 6 months vitamin E 300 mg/day was added and after another 6 months homocysteine-lowering therapy (folic acid 5 mg/day, pyridoxine 100 mg, vitamin B-12 1 mg/day). The placebo group received matching placebos at onset, and 6 and 12 months later. Blood pressure in both groups was managed according to a standard protocol to achieve a blood pressure of < 140/90 mmHg. Patients were followed up for two years. Measurements of common carotid artery intima-media thickness (CCA-IMT) and brachial artery endothelium-dependent, flow-mediated dilatation (BA-FMD) were performed at randomisation and after 6, 12 and 18 months. Plasma oxidized LDL (oxLDL) and plasma malondialdehyde (MDA) were measured as markers of oxidative stress at randomisation and after 6, 12, 18 and 24 months. We used generalized estimating equations (GEE) for data analysis.

Study Design

Study Type : Interventional  (Clinical Trial)
Estimated Enrollment : 100 participants
Allocation: Randomized
Intervention Model: Parallel Assignment
Masking: Double
Primary Purpose: Treatment
Official Title: Effect of an Oxidative-Stress-Reducing Strategy Consisting of Pravastatin, Vitamin E and Homocysteine-Lowering on Carotid Intima-Media Thickness in Patients With Mild-to-Moderate Chronic Kidney Disease
Study Start Date : May 2001
Estimated Study Completion Date : August 2005

Resource links provided by the National Library of Medicine

Drug Information available for: Pravastatin
U.S. FDA Resources

Arms and Interventions

Outcome Measures

Primary Outcome Measures :
  1. Common carotid artery intima media thickness
  2. Brachial artery flow mediated vasodilatation

Secondary Outcome Measures :
  1. Renal function

Eligibility Criteria

Information from the National Library of Medicine

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Ages Eligible for Study:   18 Years to 80 Years   (Adult, Senior)
Sexes Eligible for Study:   All
Accepts Healthy Volunteers:   No

Inclusion Criteria:chronic

  • kidney disease (clearence between 15-70ml/min)

Exclusion Criteria:

  • diabetes mellitus (ADA criteria), active vasculitis, nephrotic syndrome (>3g protein/24h urine), renal transplantation, fasting total cholesterol > 7 mmol/L, cholesterol-lowering therapy within three months prior to inclusion or known ischaemic coronary, cerebrovascular or peripheral arterial disease
Contacts and Locations

Information from the National Library of Medicine

To learn more about this study, you or your doctor may contact the study research staff using the contact information provided by the sponsor.

Please refer to this study by its ClinicalTrials.gov identifier (NCT number): NCT00384618

VU University Medical Center
Amsterdam, North Holland, Netherlands, 1007 MB
Sponsors and Collaborators
VU University Medical Center
Medical Research Foundation, The Netherlands
Bristol-Myers Squibb
Study Director: Prof. Peter M ter Wee, MD, PhD Depratment of Nephrology, VU University Medical Center
More Information

Publications automatically indexed to this study by ClinicalTrials.gov Identifier (NCT Number):
ClinicalTrials.gov Identifier: NCT00384618     History of Changes
Other Study ID Numbers: C97-1707
First Posted: October 6, 2006    Key Record Dates
Last Update Posted: October 6, 2006
Last Verified: October 2006

Keywords provided by VU University Medical Center:
Kidney, Antioxidants, Statin, Carotid IMT

Additional relevant MeSH terms:
Kidney Diseases
Renal Insufficiency, Chronic
Urologic Diseases
Renal Insufficiency
Vitamin E
Growth Substances
Physiological Effects of Drugs
Molecular Mechanisms of Pharmacological Action
Protective Agents
Anticholesteremic Agents
Hypolipidemic Agents
Lipid Regulating Agents
Hydroxymethylglutaryl-CoA Reductase Inhibitors
Enzyme Inhibitors