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Levocetirizine 5 mg: Reduction of Symptoms, Airway Resistance and Sleep Impairment in Persistent Allergic Rhinitis

The safety and scientific validity of this study is the responsibility of the study sponsor and investigators. Listing a study does not mean it has been evaluated by the U.S. Federal Government. Read our disclaimer for details. Identifier: NCT00355771
Recruitment Status : Completed
First Posted : July 25, 2006
Last Update Posted : January 15, 2008
UCB Pharma
Information provided by:
Institut für Atemwegsforschung GmbH

Brief Summary:
The purpose of this study is to investigate, whether levocetirizine 5 mg relieves nasal and ocular symptoms of persistent allergic rhinitis and reduces increased airway resistance and sleep impairment due to this condition.

Condition or disease Intervention/treatment Phase
Allergic Rhinitis Drug: Levocetirizine Drug: Placebo Phase 4

Detailed Description:

Levocetirizine 5 mg is well established as the treatment of seasonal and perennial rhinoconjunctivitis. This study has been designed, to investigate its efficacy in patients suffering from persistent allergic rhinitis as defined by the ARIA (Allergic Rhinitis and its Impact on Asthma) working group of the WHO.

The study is divided in an 8 ± 2 day screening and a 56 ± 3 day treatment phase. During both periods patients keep a diary reporting on the severity of their nasal and ocular complaints, the use of rescue medication (cromoglycate eye drops and nasal spray), other concomitant medication and adverse events. They apply a 0 to 3 point score (0 = no, 1= mild, 2 = moderate, 3 = severe symptoms) to rate nasal obstruction, rhinorrhea, nasal itching, sneezing and ocular symptoms in regard to their experience during the preceding 24 hours. During the treatment period they additionally report the time of intake of study medication and their assessments of their nasal peak inspiratory flow (NPIF). NPIF is measured every evening before symptom scoring and additionally before each intake of rescue nasal spray. A device similar to the peak flow meters employed for monitoring bronchial asthma is used. Before the treatment period in its middle and at its end patients undergo a polysomnography. Furthermore 2 weeks after the start of treatment and at its end patients and investigators employ a 5-step scale (1 = very good, 2 = good, 3 = moderate, 4 = poor, 5= not at all effective) to assess the efficacy of the study medication.

Efficacy is to be established by comparison of a levocetirizine and a placebo treated group.

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Study Type : Interventional  (Clinical Trial)
Actual Enrollment : 100 participants
Allocation: Randomized
Intervention Model: Parallel Assignment
Masking: Triple (Participant, Care Provider, Investigator)
Primary Purpose: Treatment
Official Title: Placebo Controlled Pilot Study on the Efficacy of Levocetirizine 5 mg in Reducing Symptoms, Airway Resistance, and Sleep Impairment in Patients With Persistent Allergic Rhinitis
Study Start Date : June 2006
Actual Primary Completion Date : November 2007
Actual Study Completion Date : November 2007

Resource links provided by the National Library of Medicine

Arm Intervention/treatment
Experimental: Treatment Group 1 Drug: Levocetirizine
Intake of 1 tablet of Levocetirizine 5mg OD for 8 weeks

Placebo Comparator: Treatment Group 2 Drug: Placebo
1 tablet OD in the morning for 8 weeks

Primary Outcome Measures :
  1. Average T5SS calculated with respect to the 8 week treatment period. T5SS is the daily sum of 4-step symptom scores, which patients use to report the severity of five symptoms of allergic rhinoconjunctivitis in their diaries. [ Time Frame: 8 week treatment period ]

Secondary Outcome Measures :
  1. Average of the individual symptom scores [ Time Frame: 8 week treatment period ]
  2. average daily NPIF [ Time Frame: 8 week treatment period ]
  3. average use of rescue medication [ Time Frame: 8 week treatment period ]
  4. sleep quality parameters assessed by polysomnography [ Time Frame: in the beginning and after 6 to 8 weeks of treatment ]
  5. global valuation of the efficacy [ Time Frame: after 4 and 8 weeks of treatment ]

Information from the National Library of Medicine

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Ages Eligible for Study:   18 Years to 50 Years   (Adult)
Sexes Eligible for Study:   All
Accepts Healthy Volunteers:   No

Inclusion Criteria:

  • Subjects who demonstrate their willingness to participate in the study and to comply with its procedures by signing a written informed consent.
  • Subjects aged between 18 and 50 years (inclusively), of either sex and any race.
  • Women of childbearing potential have to use an acceptable method of birth control.
  • Subjects have to be able to understand and to adhere to the dosing and visit schedules, and to agree to record symptom scores, NPIF measurements, adverse events, concomitant medications and intake of rescue medication accurately and consistently in a daily diary.
  • Subjects have to suffer from symptoms of allergic rhinitis on more than 4 days a week and for more than 4 weeks per year (ARIA criteria).
  • History of at least two years of persistent allergic rhinitis (as defined by ARIA criteria).
  • T5SS (Total Five Symptom Score, sum of scores evaluating the severity of five symptoms of rhinoconjunctivitis) assessed on visit 1 is > 8; in particular, nasal obstruction is rated ≥ 2.
  • A CAP or prick test obtained within 12 months before visit 1 demonstrating sensitization to one or more allergens which anticipate symptoms of persistent allergic rhinitis on at least 4 days per week during the treatment period.
  • On visit 2: Average T5SS calculated from diary reports is > 8 during the screening period; average rating of nasal obstruction is ≥ 2.

Exclusion Criteria:

  • Women who are pregnant or nursing.
  • Subjects who have not observed the designated washout periods for any of the prohibited medications.
  • Subjects unable to understand the nature, scope, and possible consequences of the study or being suspected of non-compliance.
  • Subjects who have used any investigational product within 30 days prior to enrollment or any investigational antibodies for asthma or allergic rhinitis in the past 90 days.
  • History of alcohol or drug abuse.
  • Any disease of the upper and lower respiratory tract except for allergic rhinitis during the last 2 weeks before visit 1, 2 and 3; any significant impairment of nasal patency.
  • Subjects with current evidence of hematopoietic, cardiovascular, hepatic, renal, neurologic, psychiatric or autoimmune disease; or a tumor or conditions which may interfere with the absorption, distribution, metabolism or excretion of the study medication.
  • Any deviation from normal in physical examination and any disease (except for allergic rhinoconjunctivitis), which might deteriorate significantly due to the subject's participation, or require impermissible medication or interfere with study evaluation.
  • History of hypersensitivity to the study drug or its excipients.

Information from the National Library of Medicine

To learn more about this study, you or your doctor may contact the study research staff using the contact information provided by the sponsor.

Please refer to this study by its identifier (NCT number): NCT00355771

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China, Sichuan
Department of ORL, West China Hospital, Sichuan Hospital
Chengdu, Sichuan, China, 610041
Sponsors and Collaborators
Institut für Atemwegsforschung GmbH
UCB Pharma
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Principal Investigator: Claus Bachert, MD, PhD Institut für Atemwegsforschung
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Responsible Party: Claus Bachert, MD PhD, Institut für Atemwegsforschung GmbH Identifier: NCT00355771    
Other Study ID Numbers: 1-1-2005
First Posted: July 25, 2006    Key Record Dates
Last Update Posted: January 15, 2008
Last Verified: January 2008
Keywords provided by Institut für Atemwegsforschung GmbH:
allergic rhinitis
histamine antagonist
sleep disorder
Additional relevant MeSH terms:
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Rhinitis, Allergic
Respiratory Tract Infections
Nose Diseases
Respiratory Tract Diseases
Otorhinolaryngologic Diseases
Respiratory Hypersensitivity
Hypersensitivity, Immediate
Immune System Diseases
Histamine H1 Antagonists, Non-Sedating
Histamine H1 Antagonists
Histamine Antagonists
Histamine Agents
Neurotransmitter Agents
Molecular Mechanisms of Pharmacological Action
Physiological Effects of Drugs