Melanoma Biomarker Study

The safety and scientific validity of this study is the responsibility of the study sponsor and investigators. Listing a study does not mean it has been evaluated by the U.S. Federal Government. Read our disclaimer for details. Identifier: NCT00348088
Recruitment Status : Completed
First Posted : July 4, 2006
Last Update Posted : December 13, 2012
National Cancer Institute (NCI)
Information provided by (Responsible Party):
Sidney Kimmel Comprehensive Cancer Center

Brief Summary:
The purpose of this study is to measure the level of a specific protein, CXCL1, in the blood of patients with untreated, metastatic (Stage IV) melanoma. These levels will be compared to blood levels in normal controls. If the levels are elevated in metastatic melanoma, further studies to determine if this correlates with presence and extent of disease will be pursued.

Condition or disease
Metastatic Melanoma

Detailed Description:

Malignant Melanoma has rapidly increased in incidence over the past thirty years, at a rate of roughly 3% per year. In 2005, approximately 59,000 new cases of melanoma were diagnosed with 8000 deaths. While the majority of early melanomas can be surgically cured, advanced melanoma has an extremely poor prognosis. Current chemotherapy and immunotherapy options for advanced melanoma still offer response rates of only 10-20%. Thus, the elucidation of biomarkers in melanoma, both diagnostic and prognostic, is an important area for investigation.

CXCL1 is a chemokine whose expression is upregulated in melanoma. We postulate that CXCL1 plays an important role in the progression of melanoma to invasive disease. Our hypothesis states that serum CXCL1 levels correlate with the presence of melanoma.


  1. To measure serum levels of CXCL1 in untreated, metastatic melanoma patients and to compare to serum CXCL1 levels in normal controls.
  2. To measure and compare centrally and peripherally collected serum CXCL1 levels in untreated, metastatic melanoma.

Blood will be collected from metastatic melanoma patients on one occasion, both peripherally and centrally. Control will have blood collected peripherally on one occasion. The blood will be processed and then tested in a blinded, batched fashion.

Study Type : Observational
Actual Enrollment : 20 participants
Observational Model: Case-Only
Time Perspective: Prospective
Official Title: CXCL1 Biomarker Study in Metastatic Melanoma
Study Start Date : May 2006
Actual Primary Completion Date : September 2011
Actual Study Completion Date : September 2011

Resource links provided by the National Library of Medicine

MedlinePlus related topics: Melanoma
U.S. FDA Resources

Primary Outcome Measures :
  1. Observational study only [ Time Frame: May 2006-September 2011 ]
    To determine, via sandwiched ELISA, the presence and level of CXCL1 in the serum of patients with metastatic melanoma and to compare these values with CXCL1 levels in normal controls.

Secondary Outcome Measures :
  1. Observational study only [ Time Frame: May 2006-September 2011 ]
    To compare serum CXCL1 levels collected peripherally and centrally, in metastatic melanoma patients and To collect serum samples for future study.

Information from the National Library of Medicine

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Ages Eligible for Study:   18 Years and older   (Adult, Senior)
Sexes Eligible for Study:   All
Accepts Healthy Volunteers:   Yes
Sampling Method:   Non-Probability Sample
Study Population
Malignant Melanoma

Inclusion Criteria:

  1. Histologic diagnosis of melanoma; primary may be cutaneous, mucosal or ocular.
  2. Evidence of metastatic disease based on standard AJCC staging.
  3. Willing to give written informed consent.
  4. Willing and able to comply with protocol procedures.
  5. At least 18 years of age.
  6. No prior chemotherapy, immunotherapy, or radiotherapy.
  7. Are able to safely donate 50 mL of blood.
  8. Have a central venous catheter in place (this will not be placed for participation in this trial)

Exclusion Criteria:

  1. Known diagnosis of a chronic inflammatory disease, ie: Rheumatoid Arthritis, Systemic Sclerosis, Inflammatory bowel disease
  2. Known diagnosis of NYHA class 3 or 4 Congestive Heart Failure
  3. Are unable to safely donate 50 mL blood
  4. Known HIV, Hepatitis B, or Hepatitis C infection.
  5. Any malignancy within 5 years, other than melanoma (for patients); Have any malignancy within the past 5 years including melanoma (for normal controls). Basal cell and squamous cell skin cancers are permitted in all participants.

Information from the National Library of Medicine

To learn more about this study, you or your doctor may contact the study research staff using the contact information provided by the sponsor.

Please refer to this study by its identifier (NCT number): NCT00348088

United States, Maryland
Johns Hopkins University - Sidney Kimmel Comprehensive Cancer Center
Baltimore, Maryland, United States, 21231
Sponsors and Collaborators
Sidney Kimmel Comprehensive Cancer Center
National Cancer Institute (NCI)
Principal Investigator: William H Sharfman, MD Johns Hopkins University Sidney Kimmel Comprehensive Cancer Center

Responsible Party: Sidney Kimmel Comprehensive Cancer Center Identifier: NCT00348088     History of Changes
Other Study ID Numbers: J05122
First Posted: July 4, 2006    Key Record Dates
Last Update Posted: December 13, 2012
Last Verified: December 2012

Keywords provided by Sidney Kimmel Comprehensive Cancer Center:

Additional relevant MeSH terms:
Neuroendocrine Tumors
Neuroectodermal Tumors
Neoplasms, Germ Cell and Embryonal
Neoplasms by Histologic Type
Neoplasms, Nerve Tissue
Nevi and Melanomas