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Study of Panitumumab Given First With Capecitabine and Oxaliplatin (CAPOX) and Then With Capecitabine and Radiation of the Pelvis for Treatment of Patients With Rectal Cancers That May or May Not Have Spread Beyond the Rectum

The safety and scientific validity of this study is the responsibility of the study sponsor and investigators. Listing a study does not mean it has been evaluated by the U.S. Federal Government. Read our disclaimer for details. Identifier: NCT00346099
Recruitment Status : Withdrawn (Protocol closed based on new (and as yet unpublished) information from a phase II clinical trial.)
First Posted : June 29, 2006
Last Update Posted : January 7, 2008
Information provided by:
NSABP Foundation Inc

Brief Summary:
Panitumumab is a monoclonal antibody. It works by attaching to a protein called epidermal growth factor receptor found on normal and cancer cells. When panitumumab attaches, it blocks another protein called epidermal growth factor (EGF) from attaching to the cell. This is important because, when EGF is blocked, a cell's growth slows down or stops. Panitumumab may also help radiation therapy work. Also because panitumumab is a fully-human antibody, it may be less toxic than other monoclonal antibodies made to block the EGF receptor. Chemotherapy, such as capecitabine and oxaliplatin, works to kill cancer cells directly. Capecitabine given during radiation helps radiation therapy work better. This study is being done to learn how rectal cancer tumors that are not removed surgically respond to treatment with panitumumab and chemotherapy given before radiation therapy begins followed by treatment with panitumumab and capecitabine given with radiation therapy.

Condition or disease Intervention/treatment Phase
Rectal Cancer Neoplasm Metastasis Drug: Panitumumab with capecitabine and oxaliplatin (CAPOX) followed by Drug: Panitumumab with capecitabine and radiation Phase 2

Detailed Description:
Colorectal cancers express EGF and/or EGFR mRNA in 66% of primary tumors, 44% of adjacent mucosa, and up to 62% of positive lymph nodes. Patients enrolled in NSABP FR-1 will begin therapy with the anti-EGFR antibody panitumumab--which has shown single-agent activity in colorectal cancer patients--in combination with CAPOX, an effective treatment for patients with advanced colorectal cancer, with the convenience of using an oral fluoropyrimidine (capecitabine.) The intent with this first phase is to expose distant metastases to the agents early and to shrink the tumor before giving radiation therapy. After chemotherapy, radiotherapy with capecitabine and panitumumab will be given to destroy the primary tumor. Panitumumab is added to the radiochemotherapy regimen because data showed positive results when another anti-EGFR antibody was added to radiotherapy in patients with head and neck cancer. This approach aims to improve neoadjuvant combined modality therapy for rectal cancer; it should provide effective therapy for eligible patients and valuable information about clinical tumor response rates and treatment tolerability, which, if favorable, may be used to develop future Phase III trials.

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Study Type : Interventional  (Clinical Trial)
Actual Enrollment : 0 participants
Allocation: Non-Randomized
Intervention Model: Parallel Assignment
Masking: None (Open Label)
Primary Purpose: Treatment
Official Title: A Phase II Study to Determine the Efficacy and Safety of Panitumumab in Combination With Chemoradiotherapy for Unresectable or Locally Recurrent Adenocarcinoma of the Rectum With or Without Metastatic Disease
Study Start Date : June 2006
Estimated Study Completion Date : May 2007

Resource links provided by the National Library of Medicine

Primary Outcome Measures :
  1. Percentage of patients with clinical complete response rate in tumor in the pelvis at 4 to 6 weeks after completion of radiation therapy

Secondary Outcome Measures :
  1. Percentage of patients with pathologic complete response rate of the primary rectal tumor and resected regional lymph nodes(tissue removed at the time of surgery)
  2. Percentage of patients whose surgical evaluation following therapy indicates candidacy for resection
  3. Percentage of patients who have progressive disease in the pelvis from the time of study entry to 2 years
  4. The toxicity of panitumumab in combination with chemotherapy and in combination with chemoradiotherapy

Information from the National Library of Medicine

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Ages Eligible for Study:   18 Years and older   (Adult, Older Adult)
Sexes Eligible for Study:   All
Accepts Healthy Volunteers:   No

Inclusion Criteria:

  • Pathologic diagnosis of rectal cancer (adenocarcinoma)
  • Must have rectal cancer that is:

    • locally advanced and considered not to be curable by surgery
    • recurrent (if it was treated before by surgical removal of the tumor)
    • present along with small-volume metastasis
  • Evidence of adequate organ function (such as liver, kidneys, etc.)
  • Must be able to swallow tablets
  • Able to perform an adequate level of physical activity

Exclusion Criteria:

  • Diagnosis of rectal cancer other than adenocarcinoma
  • Patients who are candidates for surgical removal of metastatic and/or locally advanced disease
  • Patients who have received previous treatments for the current cancer
  • Chronic liver disease or recurrent viral hepatitis
  • Any previous pelvic radiation therapy and/or any previous chemotherapy with oxaliplatin or epidermal growth factor receptor inhibitors
  • Central nervous system metastases
  • Active inflammatory bowel disease
  • Current clinically significant abnormal peripheral nerve disease
  • Active heart disease, including blocked blood vessels, recent heart attack, history of congestive heart failure, or abnormal heart beat
  • Pregnancy or breast feeding

Information from the National Library of Medicine

To learn more about this study, you or your doctor may contact the study research staff using the contact information provided by the sponsor.

Please refer to this study by its identifier (NCT number): NCT00346099

Sponsors and Collaborators
NSABP Foundation Inc
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Principal Investigator: Norman Wolmark, MD National Surgical Adjuvant Breast and Bowel Project Foundation, Inc.

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Responsible Party: Norman Wolmark, MD, NSABP Foundation, Inc. Identifier: NCT00346099     History of Changes
Other Study ID Numbers: NSABP FR-1
First Posted: June 29, 2006    Key Record Dates
Last Update Posted: January 7, 2008
Last Verified: December 2007

Keywords provided by NSABP Foundation Inc:
rectal cancer
colorectal cancer
combined modality therapy
combined pelvic radiation therapy
Rectal cancer with or without metastasis

Additional relevant MeSH terms:
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Neoplasm Metastasis
Rectal Neoplasms
Neoplastic Processes
Pathologic Processes
Colorectal Neoplasms
Intestinal Neoplasms
Gastrointestinal Neoplasms
Digestive System Neoplasms
Neoplasms by Site
Digestive System Diseases
Gastrointestinal Diseases
Intestinal Diseases
Rectal Diseases
Antimetabolites, Antineoplastic
Molecular Mechanisms of Pharmacological Action
Antineoplastic Agents
Antineoplastic Agents, Immunological