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Oxaliplatin and Capecitabine in Patients With Unresectable Cholangiocarcinoma

The safety and scientific validity of this study is the responsibility of the study sponsor and investigators. Listing a study does not mean it has been evaluated by the U.S. Federal Government. Read our disclaimer for details. Identifier: NCT00338988
Recruitment Status : Completed
First Posted : June 20, 2006
Results First Posted : December 8, 2010
Last Update Posted : August 1, 2012
Information provided by (Responsible Party):
M.D. Anderson Cancer Center

Brief Summary:

This is a Phase II trial of the combination of oxaliplatin (Eloxatin) and capecitabine (Xeloda), known as XELOX, in participants with unresectable or recurrent cholangiocarcinoma, including carcinoma of the gallbladder or biliary tract, both intrahepatic and extrahepatic. Participants may be either previously untreated or treated with chemotherapy. Participants will accrue to two strata based on pre-treatment status; separate response rates and statistical operating characteristics will be applied to each stratum.

The primary objective is to determine the objective response rate (complete plus partial) of XELOX in this population.

Secondary objectives include determining toxicity, stable disease rates, and median and overall survival of participants treated with this combination.

Condition or disease Intervention/treatment Phase
Cancer of the Gallbladder Cancer of the Biliary Tract Drug: Capecitabine Drug: Oxaliplatin Phase 2

Detailed Description:

Oxaliplatin causes death of cancer cells and other actively dividing cells by interfering with DNA function. Capecitabine causes death of cancer cells by interfering with certain molecules that are important in cell division.

After the screening portion of the study, if you are eligible to continue, you will begin treatment with oxaliplatin and capecitabine. Once treatment begins, you will come to M. D. Anderson at least every three weeks (21 days) for treatment. Each 21-day period of treatment is called a "cycle" of therapy. You will receive at least 3 cycles of therapy unless side effects are severe or the cancer grows very quickly.

You will need to have a small tube (central venous line) inserted into a large vein under the skin of the chest or through a vein in the arm to receive oxaliplatin. The central venous line will remain in place the entire time you are taking part in this study. Oxaliplatin must be given at M. D. Anderson. On Day 1 of each cycle, you will receive oxaliplatin injected into a vein over 2 hours.

You will take capecitabine tablets by mouth 2 times a day for the first 2 weeks (Days 1-14) of each 3-week cycle. No treatment will be given for the last 7 days of each cycle (except if your first dose of capecitabine for a new cycle is taken in the evening, your last dose will be taken in the morning of Day 15.) You must take capecitabine within 30 minutes after breakfast and dinner. The morning and evening doses should be about 12 hours apart. You should take capecitabine with water, and not with fruit juices. At the first treatment visit and every 3 weeks, you will receive enough capecitabine to last until the next visit. At each visit, you must return any capecitabine you have not used as well as all empty bottles.

Before each new cycle of therapy, you will have a complete physical exam and blood (about 2 ½ teaspoons) will be collected for routine tests. You will be asked to tell the study doctor about all medications you have taken since you started taking the study drugs and any health problems that you may have experienced. During the first cycle, you will have a blood (about 2 teaspoons) sample collected each week for routine tests. You will also have either CT scans or a MRI of the tumor(s) every 9 weeks and at the end of the study. Additional tests may be done during the study if your doctor feels it is necessary for your care.

If you experience severe side effects, treatment may be delayed, stopped, or you may receive smaller doses of the treatment. You may continue to receive treatment on this study until the disease gets worse or you experience any intolerable side effects. If this happens, you will be taken off the study and your doctor will discuss other treatment options with you.

When you stop taking part in the study, you will have blood (about 3 teaspoons) collected for routine tests. You will have a physical exam and either a CT scan or a MRI to check on the status of the disease. You will be contacted by phone every three months for the rest of your life to check on the status of the disease and on any symptoms you may be experiencing.

All tests before each new cycle of treatment and when treatment stops must be done at M. D. Anderson.

This is an investigational study. The drugs oxaliplatin and capecitabine are FDA approved for treatment of advanced cancer of the colon or rectum. However, the drugs are not approved for gallbladder or biliary tract cancer. Up to 50 participants will take part in this study. All will be enrolled at M. D. Anderson.

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Study Type : Interventional  (Clinical Trial)
Actual Enrollment : 44 participants
Allocation: Non-Randomized
Intervention Model: Single Group Assignment
Masking: None (Open Label)
Primary Purpose: Treatment
Official Title: A Phase II Study of Oxaliplatin and Capecitabine in Patients With Unresectable Cholangiocarcinoma, Including Carcinoma of the Gallbladder and Biliary Tract
Study Start Date : August 2003
Actual Primary Completion Date : May 2009
Actual Study Completion Date : May 2009

Arm Intervention/treatment
Experimental: Capecitabine + Oxaliplatin
Combination of intravenous (IV) oxaliplatin 100 mg/m^2 Day 1 and oral (PO) capecitabine 750 mg/m^2 twice daily (total daily dose 1500 mg/m2) on Days 1-14.
Drug: Capecitabine
1500 mg/m^2 PO twice daily x 14 days.
Other Name: Xeloda

Drug: Oxaliplatin
130 mg/m^2 IV over 2 hours on day 1 of cycle.
Other Name: Eloxatin

Primary Outcome Measures :
  1. Number of Participants With Objective Response [ Time Frame: Baseline with restaging every 3 cycles (cycle=21 days) ]
    Objective Response = Complete Response + Partial Response. Response evaluated using modification of new international criteria proposed by RECIST [changes in only largest diameter (unidimensional measurement) of tumor lesions used in the RECIST criteria]. Complete Response (CR): Disappearance of all target lesions; Partial Response (PR): At least a 30% decrease in the sum of the longest diameter (LD) of target lesions, taking as reference the baseline sum LD.

Information from the National Library of Medicine

Choosing to participate in a study is an important personal decision. Talk with your doctor and family members or friends about deciding to join a study. To learn more about this study, you or your doctor may contact the study research staff using the contacts provided below. For general information, Learn About Clinical Studies.

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Ages Eligible for Study:   18 Years and older   (Adult, Older Adult)
Sexes Eligible for Study:   All
Accepts Healthy Volunteers:   No

Inclusion Criteria:

  • Participants must have histologically confirmed carcinoma of the gallbladder, intrahepatic or extrahepatic biliary tract, not amenable to resection with curative intent.
  • Participants must have measurable disease as per the modified Response Evaluation Criteria In Solid Tumors (RECIST) criteria, defined as at least one lesion that can be accurately measured in at least one dimension, with minimum lesion size equal to or more than twice the slice thickness of the imaging study used.
  • Participants who are previously untreated as well as those who have received prior therapy are eligible to participate in this study. Participants may have received up to a total of two prior chemotherapy regimens for their disease, including biologic therapy(ies). The same regimen may have been received at different times during the course of the Participant's treatment. Surgery, radiofrequency ablation, external beam radiotherapy, or other directed therapies do not count as prior regimens and are allowed.
  • Previous treatment may include systemic chemotherapy, however, prior capecitabine (unless administered as a radiosensitizing agent concurrently with prior external beam radiotherapy) or oxaliplatin are excluded.
  • If radiation was previously received, the measurable disease must be recurrent or metastatic disease outside the previous radiation field.
  • A minimum of 4 weeks must have elapsed since completion of any prior chemotherapy or radiotherapy.
  • Participants should have a life expectancy of at least 16 weeks based on the clinical judgment of the Investigator.
  • Eastern Cooperative Oncology Group (ECOG) Performance Status of </= 2 or Karnofsky > 70.
  • Adequate bone marrow function defined as absolute peripheral granulocyte count of >/= 1500/mm3, platelet count >/= 100,000/ mm3, and hemoglobin >/= 10 gm/dL.
  • Adequate renal function, defined as serum creatinine </= 1.5 times ULN institutional normal and calculated creatinine clearance >30 mL/min (using Cockcroft and Gault formula).
  • Participants must have adequate hepatic function: total bilirubin </= 2.0 gm/dL; serum albumin >/= 2.5 gm/dL; transaminases up to 5 times the upper limit of institutional normal value; or prothrombin time prolonged up to 2 seconds greater than the institutional normal value.
  • Negative serum pregnancy test in women with childbearing potential.
  • The effects of the combination of oxaliplatin and capecitabine on the developing fetus are unknown. For this reason, women of childbearing potential and men must agree to use adequate contraception (hormonal or barrier method of birth control) prior to study entry and for the duration of study participation. Should a woman become pregnant while participating in this study, she should inform her treating physician immediately.
  • Participants must sign an Informed Consent and Authorization indicating that they are aware of the investigational nature of this study and the known risks involved.
  • Age >/=18 years.
  • Participants taking therapeutic dose-levels of coumarin-derivate anticoagulants should be switched to low Low molecular weight heparin (LMWH). Low-dose coumadin (e.g. 1 mg po per day) in Participants with in-dwelling venous access devices, is allowed.

Exclusion Criteria:

  • Prior therapy with oxaliplatin or capecitabine; capecitabine administered as a radiosensitizing agent concurrently with prior external beam radiotherapy is allowable.
  • Participants who have had chemotherapy within 4 weeks (6 weeks for nitrosoureas or Mitomycin C) prior to entering the study or those who have not recovered from adverse events due to agents administered more than 4 weeks earlier.
  • Participants may not be receiving any other investigational agents nor have received any investigational drug </= 30 days prior to enrollment.
  • Participants with known brain metastases should be excluded from this clinical trial because of their poor prognosis and because they often develop progressive neurologic dysfunction that would confound the evaluation of neurologic and other adverse events.
  • Gastrointestinal tract disease resulting in an inability to take oral medication or a requirement for IV alimentation, prior surgical therapy affecting absorption.
  • Uncontrolled intercurrent illness including, but not limited to, ongoing or active infection, symptomatic congestive heart failure, unstable angina pectoris, cardiac arrhythmia, or psychiatric illness/social situations that would limit compliance with study requirements.
  • Because Participants with immune deficiency are at increased risk of lethal infections when treated with marrow-suppressive therapy, HIV-positive Participants receiving combination anti-retroviral therapy are excluded from the study because of possible pharmacokinetic interactions with XELOX. Appropriate studies will be undertaken in Participants receiving combination anti-retroviral therapy when indicated.
  • Participants with extensive symptomatic fibrosis of the lungs.
  • Peripheral neuropathy > grade 1.
  • Known DPD deficiency.
  • Participants receiving therapeutic doses of coumarin-derivative anticoagulant therapy are excluded since a drug interaction between capecitabine and coumarin anticoagulants has been reported. Participants requiring anticoagulation who may be safely switched to LMWH are eligible.

Information from the National Library of Medicine

To learn more about this study, you or your doctor may contact the study research staff using the contact information provided by the sponsor.

Please refer to this study by its identifier (NCT number): NCT00338988

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United States, Texas
U.T. M.D. Anderson Cancer Center
Houston, Texas, United States, 77030
Sponsors and Collaborators
M.D. Anderson Cancer Center
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Principal Investigator: Melanie Thomas, MD M.D. Anderson Cancer Center

Additional Information:
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Responsible Party: M.D. Anderson Cancer Center Identifier: NCT00338988     History of Changes
Other Study ID Numbers: 2003-0340
First Posted: June 20, 2006    Key Record Dates
Results First Posted: December 8, 2010
Last Update Posted: August 1, 2012
Last Verified: July 2012
Keywords provided by M.D. Anderson Cancer Center:
Carcinoma of the Gallbladder
Carcinoma of the Intrahepatic or Extrahepatic Biliary Tract
Additional relevant MeSH terms:
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Gallbladder Neoplasms
Biliary Tract Neoplasms
Neoplasms, Glandular and Epithelial
Neoplasms by Histologic Type
Digestive System Neoplasms
Neoplasms by Site
Biliary Tract Diseases
Digestive System Diseases
Gallbladder Diseases
Antimetabolites, Antineoplastic
Molecular Mechanisms of Pharmacological Action
Antineoplastic Agents