Help guide our efforts to modernize
Send us your comments by March 14, 2020. Menu

Barley Protein and CVD

The safety and scientific validity of this study is the responsibility of the study sponsor and investigators. Listing a study does not mean it has been evaluated by the U.S. Federal Government. Read our disclaimer for details. Identifier: NCT00334308
Recruitment Status : Completed
First Posted : June 7, 2006
Last Update Posted : January 21, 2009
Information provided by:
University of Toronto

Brief Summary:
The Question posed is: Does an barley protein concentrate have health benefits similar to those demonstrated for soy protein foods which would justify the use of the non-fiber components of barley as functional food ingredients? Hypotheses: 1. Cholesterol Lowering: There is good evidence indicating that soy protein lowers serum cholesterol levels. The evidence was strong enough for a health claim for coronary heart disease risk reduction to be approved by the FDA. In addition, we have found that wheat gluten significantly reduced serum triglyceride levels. However, there is a need to assess the possible health benefits other vegetable protein sources. Barley is grown in relatively large amounts in Canada and barley protein would be a readily available vegetable protein source if health attributes could be ascribed to it. In addition other components of barley, including plant sterols and phenolics, may have hypocholesterolemic and antioxidant properties. 2. Antioxidant: In addition to cholesterol-lowering and possibly of equal importance in terms of prevention of cardiovascular and other chronic diseases, the barley phenolics associated with barley protein and may have added benefits as antioxidants. 3. Markers of Inflammation: Barley components are considered to be hypoallergenic. Hence their use in the cosmetic industry. Auto-immune and inflammatory responses are associated with increased CHD risk. Barley protein consumption may therefore reduce the levels of the pro-inflammatory cytokines; and the acute phase proteins. 4. Arterial Dilatation: Barley proteins may also have beneficial effects on vascular reactivity which may reduce CHD risk on account of their higher arginine:lysine ratio. Arginine enhances nitric oxide synthesis associated with endothelial relaxation and arterial dilatation. Barley may therefore increase pulmonary nitric oxide levels.

Condition or disease Intervention/treatment Phase
Hypercholesterolemia Cardiovascular Disease Diet Therapy Procedure: Barley protein bread or control (casein) bread Phase 2

Detailed Description:

Design: The effect of oat protein extract will be assessed in one-month feeding studies of forty healthy men and women with raised serum cholesterol levels. Two breads will be prepared, one control and one providing 45 g/d barley protein to be fed for one month each in a randomized crossover design.

Diets: The diets will be the subjects' usual diets which appropriately will be NCEP Step 2 diets for patients treated without medications with this degree of hyperlipidemia. Those who are not on an NCEP Step 2 diet will be instructed accordingly. During the first phase, the two one-week recorded diets for each patient will be photocopied and returned to the patient to be used as the dietary model for the subsequent period. We have found that this approach is effective in stabilizing the diets in our soy protein studies. Supplements: Will be breads with test and control supplements providing the identical daily energy intake. The increase in protein in the barley supplements will be matched by the use of protein from milk protein (casein). Similarly the increased polyunsaturated, monounsaturated and saturated fatty acids in the test supplement will be matched by addition of an appropriate blend of oils in the control. Baked goods will be prepared at our clinic and a seven-day supply will be provided to each participant at the beginning of each week. The exact formulation of the supplements will involve product development, palatability testing and chemical analysis of the prototypes in the initial phase of the study. Compliance: compliance will be assessed from completed weekly diet records where supplement intake is recorded daily. These records will be reviewed by a dietitian with the subject at the end of the week. In addition, uneaten supplements will be returned, weighed and noted on the menu plans by the dietitian. Diet records will also be assessed to ensure the predetermined diet plan is followed according to the phase one recorded diet.

Layout table for study information
Study Type : Interventional  (Clinical Trial)
Estimated Enrollment : 40 participants
Allocation: Randomized
Intervention Model: Crossover Assignment
Masking: Single
Primary Purpose: Treatment
Official Title: Barley Protein and Coronary Heart Disease Risk Reduction

Resource links provided by the National Library of Medicine

Primary Outcome Measures :
  1. total and LDL cholesterol, LDL:HDL cholesterol ratio

Secondary Outcome Measures :
  1. Blood pressure, HDL cholesterol, HDL2 and HDL3, triglyceride, apolipoprotein A1 and B, Lp(a) and LDL particle size; oxidative stress,inflammatory biomarkers

Information from the National Library of Medicine

Choosing to participate in a study is an important personal decision. Talk with your doctor and family members or friends about deciding to join a study. To learn more about this study, you or your doctor may contact the study research staff using the contacts provided below. For general information, Learn About Clinical Studies.

Layout table for eligibility information
Ages Eligible for Study:   21 Years and older   (Adult, Older Adult)
Sexes Eligible for Study:   All
Accepts Healthy Volunteers:   Yes

Inclusion Criteria:

  • men and postmenopausal women with mild- to-moderate hypercholesterolemia
  • Body mass index >18 kg/m2 and < 36 kg/m2.
  • treated by diet
  • Alcohol intake < 14 drinks per week.
  • Fasting plasma triglyceride (TG) concentration > 0.5 mmol/l and < 4.5 mmol/l.
  • Fasting plasma LDL cholesterol concentration > 3.5 mmol/l at diagnosis.

Exclusion Criteria:

  • Child-bearing women
  • Taking cholesterol lowering medications at the start of the study, unless their LDL-cholesterol levels are >3.5 mmol/L.However, with their physician's approval those who wish to join but are already taking cholesterol lowering medications with low LDL-cholesterol levels (e.g. <2.5 mmol/L) may join the study providing the medications are stopped for one month.
  • Change the type or dose of their drug treatment during the study
  • Patients judged as having a likelihood of being non-compliant with instructions for whatever reason
  • Food allergies
  • Evidence or history of diabetes, renal liver disease or gastrointestinal disease
  • Recent (within 6 months)) major cardiovascular event (stroke or myocardial infarction)
  • Secondary causes of hypercholesterolemia (or untreated hypothyroidism)
  • Uncontrolled blood pressure
  • Major disability or disorder such as liver disease, renal failure or cancer or with major surgery < 6 months prior to randomization

Information from the National Library of Medicine

To learn more about this study, you or your doctor may contact the study research staff using the contact information provided by the sponsor.

Please refer to this study by its identifier (NCT number): NCT00334308

Layout table for location information
Canada, Ontario
St. Michael's Hospital
Toronto, Ontario, Canada, M5C 2T2
Sponsors and Collaborators
University of Toronto
Layout table for investigator information
Principal Investigator: David JA Jenkins, MD University of Toronto

Publications automatically indexed to this study by Identifier (NCT Number):
Layout table for additonal information Identifier: NCT00334308    
Other Study ID Numbers: REB 02-113C
First Posted: June 7, 2006    Key Record Dates
Last Update Posted: January 21, 2009
Last Verified: January 2009
Additional relevant MeSH terms:
Layout table for MeSH terms
Cardiovascular Diseases
Lipid Metabolism Disorders
Metabolic Diseases