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Randomized Trial of the Positive Action Program in Hawaii Schools

The safety and scientific validity of this study is the responsibility of the study sponsor and investigators. Listing a study does not mean it has been evaluated by the U.S. Federal Government. Read our disclaimer for details. Identifier: NCT00328445
Recruitment Status : Completed
First Posted : May 22, 2006
Last Update Posted : January 12, 2017
Information provided by (Responsible Party):
, National Institute on Drug Abuse (NIDA)

Brief Summary:
The purpose of this study is to determine the effectiveness of the Positive Action program on reducing negative behaviors, increasing positive behaviors and improving academic achievement of elementary school students.

Condition or disease Intervention/treatment Phase
Character Violence Substance Use Pro-social Behavior Academic Achievement Behavioral: Positive Action Not Applicable

Detailed Description:
This project will: 1) evaluate the efficacy of a comprehensive, multi-grade, multi-year program, the Positive Action program (PA) designed to reduce student problem behaviors (including drug use and violence), disciplinary referrals and suspensions, and academic underachievement; 2) evaluate the effects of the program on the presumed/theoretical mediator variables; and 3) assess which of these changes in mediator variables actually mediate the effects of the program on behavior and school performance. The Hawaiian school district has agreed to implement a randomized trial of the PA program. We randomly assigned schools to PA or control conditions from strata matched on multiple indicators of risk. PA schools will receive the full PA program for four years (the 2002-03 through 2005-06 school years). This includes all materials for all students (at all grades), families, teachers, and principal, plus community kits; training for teachers and other interested staff; and continuous technical support and monitoring by a PA staff person. Data on behavior and academic achievement will be obtained from school archival records for all students for all years and, where appropriate for several years prior to the study. Students in grades 1 and 3 in the 2001-02 school year and their parents and teachers will also be followed through the project with surveys every year. The subject population will contain equal portions of males and females, and proportionate numbers of the major ethnic groups on Oahu (Hawaiian or part-Hawaiian, white, Asian, Other). Analyses will test for program effects on all hypothesized mediating variables and outcomes, and the hypothesized mediational pathways.

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Study Type : Interventional  (Clinical Trial)
Actual Enrollment : 2500 participants
Allocation: Randomized
Intervention Model: Parallel Assignment
Masking: None (Open Label)
Primary Purpose: Prevention
Official Title: The Positive Action Program: Outcomes and Mediators
Study Start Date : April 2001
Actual Primary Completion Date : June 2006
Actual Study Completion Date : June 2006

Arm Intervention/treatment
No Intervention: Control
Business as usual
Experimental: Treatment
Positive Action
Behavioral: Positive Action
See publications

Primary Outcome Measures :
  1. Self-reported attitudes and behaviors [ Time Frame: 2001-2006 ]
  2. Teacher reports of behaviors [ Time Frame: 2001-2006 ]
  3. Parent reports of student behaviors [ Time Frame: 2001-2006 ]

Secondary Outcome Measures :
  1. School-level academic achievement test scores [ Time Frame: 2000-2007 ]
  2. School-level reports of disciplinary referrals [ Time Frame: 2000-2007 ]
  3. School-level reports of school quality [ Time Frame: 2000-2007 ]

Information from the National Library of Medicine

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Ages Eligible for Study:   6 Years and older   (Child, Adult, Older Adult)
Sexes Eligible for Study:   All
Accepts Healthy Volunteers:   Yes

Inclusion Criteria:

  • Public elementary schools K-5 or K-6
  • All students in the study cohorts

Exclusion Criteria:

  • Schools performing in top 50%

Information from the National Library of Medicine

To learn more about this study, you or your doctor may contact the study research staff using the contact information provided by the sponsor.

Please refer to this study by its identifier (NCT number): NCT00328445

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United States, Idaho
Positive Action, Inc.
Twin Falls, Idaho, United States, 83301
United States, Illinois
University of Illinois at Chicago
Chicago, Illinois, United States, 60607
United States, Oregon
Oregon State University
Corvallis, Oregon, United States, 97331
Sponsors and Collaborators
National Institute on Drug Abuse (NIDA)
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Principal Investigator: Brian R Flay, D.Phil. Oregon State University

Additional Information:
Publications of Results:
Other Publications:
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Responsible Party: , Principal Investigator, National Institute on Drug Abuse (NIDA) Identifier: NCT00328445     History of Changes
Other Study ID Numbers: R01DA013474 ( U.S. NIH Grant/Contract )
First Posted: May 22, 2006    Key Record Dates
Last Update Posted: January 12, 2017
Last Verified: September 2014
Keywords provided by , National Institute on Drug Abuse (NIDA):
Classroom management
School-wide climate
Parent involvement