COVID-19 is an emerging, rapidly evolving situation.
Get the latest public health information from CDC:

Get the latest research information from NIH: Menu

Using Magnetic Resonance Spectroscopy With MRI to Non-invasively Determine Breast Cancer Extent of Disease

The safety and scientific validity of this study is the responsibility of the study sponsor and investigators. Listing a study does not mean it has been evaluated by the U.S. Federal Government. Read our disclaimer for details. Identifier: NCT00312637
Recruitment Status : Withdrawn (Lack of funding.)
First Posted : April 10, 2006
Last Update Posted : May 1, 2012
Information provided by (Responsible Party):
UNC Lineberger Comprehensive Cancer Center

Brief Summary:
The purpose of this study is to evaluate whether high-resolution magnetic resonance imaging of the axilla with spectroscopy can identify nodal features suggestive of metastatic involvement in patients diagnosed with invasive breast cancer. This may enable us to define a select group of patients for whom axillary lymph node dissection could be avoided.

Condition or disease Intervention/treatment Phase
Breast Cancer Procedure: Magnetic Resonance Spectroscopy Not Applicable

Detailed Description:

Breast cancer is the second leading cause of death in women. The spread of cancer from the breast to the lymph nodes is a significant factor in determining breast cancer survival. Currently, surgical procedures are performed to determine lymph node involvement. Full axillary lymph node dissection has a high morbidity associated with the procedure. While sentinel lymphadenectomy avoids a full axillary dissection in clinically negative axilla in untreated patients, it has been reported to have a false negative rate of less than 10%. Others have reported higher false negative rates after neoadjuvant chemotherapy. For those reasons, there is considerable interest in non-invasive methods that may allow staging of the axilla.

Magnetic resonance imaging (MRI) of the breast with contrast-enhancement is increasingly being used in breast cancer patients to determine the size of the tumor and its extent. A few reports from Europe have been published regarding its use in evaluating axillary lymph node metastases preoperatively, and the results appear promising. Kvistad et al. demonstrated lymph node metastases using dynamic contrast-enhanced MRI, in which the study had a sensitivity of 83%, a specificity of 90%, and an accuracy of 88%. Luciani et al, suggest that lymph nodes with a large size, irregular contours, round hila, high-signal intensity on T2 sequences, and those with marked enhancement are associated with malignancy.

Magnetic resonance imaging with spectroscopy (MRS) has been used in clinical practice for evaluation of brain tumors as a method for noninvasive detection of tumor metabolism. More recently, it has been used on other soft-tissue tumors, including breast. Like other soft-tissue tumors, breast cancers have increased levels of the amino acid choline. In several studies, the sensitivity and specificity of MRS for detecting breast cancer ranged from 73%-92% and 71%-93%, respectively. No known MRS data has been published regarding axillary lymph node involvement in patients with breast cancer. It is postulated that the choline peak should be elevated in lymph nodes with metastatic breast cancer.

This is an observational study. All eligible patients who give informed consent will complete a MRI/MRS screening questionnaire and if there are no contraindications will undergo MRI/MRS imaging prior to their clinically indicated sentinel lymphadenectomy which may be followed by axillary dissection to be determined by surgeon during the course of surgery.

Layout table for study information
Study Type : Interventional  (Clinical Trial)
Actual Enrollment : 0 participants
Allocation: N/A
Intervention Model: Single Group Assignment
Masking: None (Open Label)
Primary Purpose: Diagnostic
Official Title: High-Resolution Axillary MRI With Magnetic Resonance Spectroscopy as a Non-Invasive Test for Determining Pathologic Lymph Node Status in Patients With Invasive Breast Cancer
Study Start Date : March 2005
Actual Primary Completion Date : March 2008
Actual Study Completion Date : March 2008

Resource links provided by the National Library of Medicine

MedlinePlus related topics: Breast Cancer

Information from the National Library of Medicine

Choosing to participate in a study is an important personal decision. Talk with your doctor and family members or friends about deciding to join a study. To learn more about this study, you or your doctor may contact the study research staff using the contacts provided below. For general information, Learn About Clinical Studies.

Layout table for eligibility information
Ages Eligible for Study:   25 Years and older   (Adult, Older Adult)
Sexes Eligible for Study:   Female
Accepts Healthy Volunteers:   No

Inclusion Criteria:

  • Patients diagnosed with recent (within 60 days) invasive breast cancer.
  • No previous ipsilateral axillary surgery.

Exclusion Criteria:

  • Patients diagnosed with in situ disease.
  • Patients with previous ipsilateral axillary surgery.
  • Patients with MRI/MRA contraindications such as a cardiac pacemaker, an aneurysm clip, cochlear implants, and metal in the eyes.
  • Patients who have had a moderate or severe contrast reaction to intravenous gadolinium-DTPA.
  • Patients who are clinically not stable.
  • Patients who cannot give consent.

Information from the National Library of Medicine

To learn more about this study, you or your doctor may contact the study research staff using the contact information provided by the sponsor.

Please refer to this study by its identifier (NCT number): NCT00312637

Layout table for location information
United States, North Carolina
Mammography Clinic - UNC Hospitals
Chapel Hill, North Carolina, United States, 27514
Sponsors and Collaborators
UNC Lineberger Comprehensive Cancer Center
Layout table for investigator information
Principal Investigator: Cherie M Kuzmiak, D.O. Department of Radiology, University of North Carolina at Chapel Hill

Layout table for additonal information
Responsible Party: UNC Lineberger Comprehensive Cancer Center Identifier: NCT00312637    
Other Study ID Numbers: LCCC0426
First Posted: April 10, 2006    Key Record Dates
Last Update Posted: May 1, 2012
Last Verified: April 2012
Keywords provided by UNC Lineberger Comprehensive Cancer Center:
Breast Cancer Staging
Additional relevant MeSH terms:
Layout table for MeSH terms
Breast Neoplasms
Neoplasms by Site
Breast Diseases
Skin Diseases