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Study of How Exercise or Weight Loss Effects Metabolic Syndrome

The safety and scientific validity of this study is the responsibility of the study sponsor and investigators. Listing a study does not mean it has been evaluated by the U.S. Federal Government. Read our disclaimer for details. Identifier: NCT00292994
Recruitment Status : Unknown
Verified January 2006 by Yankton Clinical Research Alliance.
Recruitment status was:  Active, not recruiting
First Posted : February 16, 2006
Last Update Posted : February 16, 2006
University of South Dakota
Yankton Medical Clinic
Avera Sacred Heart Hospital
Information provided by:
Yankton Clinical Research Alliance

Brief Summary:
The Metabolic Syndrome (MS) is prevalent in the American population and is strongly associated with premature coronary disease. Lifestyle intervention, primarily exercise and dietary changes, are foundational treatment strategies for independent components of MS, but these interventions have not been thoroughly evaluated in MS. Even with very modest weight loss, in the setting of caloric restriction and exercise, marked improvement MS parameters have been noted. However, it is not known whether it is diet with weight loss or exercise that improves the metabolic derangements associated with MS. We propose a study designed to examine the relative impact of diet or exercise on the components of MS. Furthermore, it is known that psychological factors significantly impact the ability of patients to initiate and sustain lifestyle changes. We will monitor certain psychological states to evaluate their impact on the success of weight loss and sustainability of lifestyle changes throughout this study. Specific Aims: 1.) Evaluate the relative efficacy of diet with weight loss or exercise on improving the markers of metabolic syndrome. 2.) Determine of pre-existing psychological factors influence the effectiveness of diet with weight loss or exercise on the markers of metabolic syndrome. Design: Adult women (> 18 yrs) with a body-mass index (BMI)  30 kg/m2 will be assessed for MS and randomized to one of three groups (n = 34/group), Control (C), diet with weight loss alone (D), or exercise alone (E). The intervention groups will participate in supervised dietary changes designed for weight loss or exercise for 6 months. Anthropomorphic, serologic, and psychological parameters will be monitored and compared using ANOVA. Hypothesis: As indexed by the improvement in the laboratory markers of the components of metabolic syndrome, exercise alone has a more profound positive impact on Metabolic Syndrome then diet with weight loss alone.

Condition or disease Intervention/treatment Phase
Metabolic Syndrome Insulin Resistance Obesity Behavioral: Exercise Behavioral: Weight Loss Not Applicable

Detailed Description:
Research procedures: The interventions in this study will be caloric dietary restrictions intended to result in a 10% reduction of body weight within 6 months, or a supervised aerobic exercise program designed to improve cardiovascular fitness. The diet with weight loss group will meet with a registered dietician on a weekly basis for the first 2 months and then bi-weekly for the duration of the study for education and review of the subject’s caloric intake. Similarly, the exercise group subjects will participate in weekly supervised aerobic exercise sessions. At these visits, a food logbook and an exercise logbook will be turned into the study staff to review. Prior to inclusion in the study, the patient’s medical record will be reviewed for evidence of metabolic syndrome, specifically, recent lipid analysis, blood sugar, weight, height, waist circumference, and blood pressure. A self-report history and physical examination form, Perceived Behavior Control Scale, Self-Efficacy Scale, Beck Depression Inventory will also be included as part of the enrollment process and ongoing participation. Pre-intervention/initial screening includes fasting triglycerides, HDL, glucose, hs-CRP, Uric Acid, insulin, and plasma creatinine, 24-hour urine collection, blood pressure, waist and hip circumference, height, weight, VO2 max estimated from sub maximal standardized treadmill exercise test, Beck Depression Inventory, Perceived Behavioral Control Scale, Self-Efficacy Scale and Pre-intervention 3-day food record and physical activity questionnaire to assess baseline diet and activity levels. During study monitoring: daily exercise log (exercise group), assessed weekly, (determine the intensity, duration, and frequency of aerobic exercise), daily food log (diet with weight loss group), assessed for caloric intake, quarterly 3-day food records, assessed for caloric intake, and composition of fats, carbohydrates and proteins, quarterly blood pressure, weight, height, waist and hip circumference, quarterly fasting serum triglyceride, HDL, fasting serum glucose, and uric acid, and quarterly physical activity questionnaire, Beck Depression Inventory, Perceived Behavioral Control Scale, and Self-Efficacy Scale. Post-study assessment: fasting serum triglycerides, HDL, serum glucose, uric acid, hs-CRP, insulin, and plasma creatinine, 24-hour urine collection, body weight, height, and waist and hip circumference, VO2 max estimated from sub maximal standardized treadmill exercise test, and 3-day food record, physical activity questionnaire, Beck Depression Inventory, Perceived Behavioral Control Scale, and Self-Efficacy Scale. The control group will complete the pre and post measurements and the 3-day food record and physical activity questionnaire as required by the diet and exercise groups.

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Study Type : Interventional  (Clinical Trial)
Enrollment : 130 participants
Allocation: Randomized
Intervention Model: Single Group Assignment
Masking: Single
Primary Purpose: Treatment
Official Title: Exercise and Diet With Weight Loss in Metabolic Syndrome
Study Start Date : April 2004
Study Completion Date : January 2006

Resource links provided by the National Library of Medicine

Primary Outcome Measures :
  1. Metabolic Syndrome Score

Information from the National Library of Medicine

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Ages Eligible for Study:   18 Years and older   (Adult, Older Adult)
Sexes Eligible for Study:   Female
Accepts Healthy Volunteers:   Yes

Inclusion Criteria:Subjects who have been noted to meet the initial study criteria or have self-determined their eligibility from direct mailings, newspaper advertisement, or poster/flyers (female, age > 18, and a BMI of > 30) will contact the study coordinator. Subjects will come for an initial assessment where informed consent will be obtained. Their eligibility for inclusion or exclusion will be based on a determination that they do have metabolic syndrome and determined by the study coordinator (Janine Albers) and the principal investigators (Michael Hein or Jack Williams). This will be assessed by a review of their medical record, laboratory assessment, anthropomorphic measurements, and a focused History and Physical examination.


Exclusion Criteria: Cardiovascular: uncontrolled dyslipidemia (fasting triglycerides > 1000), type 1 diabetes, uncontrolled type 2 diabetes (Hgb A-1-c > 9.0%) or if on insulin, or uncontrolled hypertension (SBP > 180 or DBP > 100). Also, subjects with stable or unstable angina, a precedent myocardial infarction within six months of the study, or severe activity dyspnea, untreated major depression or patients with suicidal ideation, severe exercise-limiting inflammatory or degenerative arthritis, patients on anti-obesity medications or serotonin reuptake inhibitors, patients who are already involved in a regular aerobic exercise program (> 3 sessions of 30min/wk) or are involved with other weight loss programs with dietary regimen intervention as a component, e.g. Weight Watchers or other similarly structured weight loss programs. Pregnancy. Weigh greater than 350 pounds. -

Information from the National Library of Medicine

To learn more about this study, you or your doctor may contact the study research staff using the contact information provided by the sponsor.

Please refer to this study by its identifier (NCT number): NCT00292994

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United States, South Dakota
Yankton Medical Clinic
Yankton, South Dakota, United States, 57078
Sponsors and Collaborators
Yankton Clinical Research Alliance
University of South Dakota
Yankton Medical Clinic
Avera Sacred Heart Hospital
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Principal Investigator: Michael S Hein, MD Yankton Medical Clinic
Principal Investigator: John L Williams, PhD Sanford School of Medicine at the University of South Dakota

Layout table for additonal information Identifier: NCT00292994     History of Changes
Other Study ID Numbers: 700-04-2001
First Posted: February 16, 2006    Key Record Dates
Last Update Posted: February 16, 2006
Last Verified: January 2006
Keywords provided by Yankton Clinical Research Alliance:
Metabolic Syndrome
Type 2 diabetes mellitus
Insulin resistance
Weight loss
Additional relevant MeSH terms:
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Metabolic Syndrome
Insulin Resistance
Weight Loss
Pathologic Processes
Body Weight
Signs and Symptoms
Body Weight Changes
Glucose Metabolism Disorders
Metabolic Diseases