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Does Topiramate Adjust the Excitability of the Brain in Migraine Sufferers?

The safety and scientific validity of this study is the responsibility of the study sponsor and investigators. Listing a study does not mean it has been evaluated by the U.S. Federal Government. Read our disclaimer for details. Identifier: NCT00286923
Recruitment Status : Unknown
Verified February 2006 by Emerald City Headache Organization.
Recruitment status was:  Not yet recruiting
First Posted : February 6, 2006
Last Update Posted : February 14, 2006
Ortho-McNeil Neurologics, Inc.
Information provided by:
Emerald City Headache Organization

Brief Summary:

The purpose of the study is to determine by the use of non-invasive magnetic stimulation if the medication Topiramate adjusts the excitability of the migraine sufferer's brain.

Previous studies have shown the migraine sufferer's brain is more excitable. The magnetic stimulation device has given us a way to look at excitability and to see if it changes at the same time that a headache diary shows if the pattern or severity of headaches changes with the administration of the drug Topiramate.

It is expected that as migraine sufferers have fewer headaches with topiramate the testing with magnetic stimulation will show that their brains are less excitable and that if the topiramate does not change the character of headaches then the pattern of excitabilty would not change from the baseline test before medication is started.

Condition or disease Intervention/treatment
Migraine Chronic Headache Drug: Topiramate

Detailed Description:

We propose a clinic-based study to test the hypothesis that topiramate modulates the excitability of the occipital cortex in migraine. Subjects between 18 and 55 years old, who have migraine with aura according to IHS criteria will be recruited from the headache clinic. All eligible subjects will have occipital cortex stimulation using the Magstim 200 apparatus. Magnetic brain stimulation will be performed using the 95 mm round coil of the Magstim 200 stimulator. All subjects will be provided ear plugs to prevent possible noise damage to the ear. The recordings will be conducted in a semi-darkened room. Subjects will be asked to focus on the center of a dark screen. A 95 mm diameter circular coil will be applied to the occipital scalp in the midline, 7 cm anterior to the inion. Stimulator intensity will be increased in 10% increments until the subjects report seeing phosphenes (bright scintillating scotomata in the subjects visual field generated by occipital cortical stimulation) or until a maximum of 100% intensity is reached. generated by occipital cortical stimulation) or until a maximum of 100% intensity is reached. Stimulation intensity will be fine tuned to determine the threshold at which phosphenes can be barely seen. In those subjects who do not report seeing phosphenes till 100% intensity, the stimulator will be moved in 1 cm steps to try to define an optimum point for stimulation. No more than 20 stimulations will be given and the frequency shall be kept to less than 5/min. The threshold at which phosphenes are generated will be recorded. To assess inhibitory function of the occipital cortex a visual suppression method will be utilized. Timed TMS impulses usually 10% above phosphene threshold or where suppression is noted will be delivered. Subjects will be asked to report letters projected at a fixed luminance on the screen. Visual suppression will be calculated based on the number of errors the subjects make using an automated analysis. The study procedure will be repeated after the patients have taken topiramate at gradually increasing doses and have achieved stable dose for one month. Patients will be placed on 25 mg at night for 1 week, increased to 25 mg B.I.D. for one week and then maintained at 50 mg B.I.D.

d. There will be no placebo in the study. e. Topiramate will be used in the study.

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Study Type : Observational
Enrollment : 10 participants
Official Title: Modulation of the Excitability of the Occipital Cerebral Cortex Using Topiramate
Study Start Date : February 2006
Study Completion Date : August 2006

Resource links provided by the National Library of Medicine

MedlinePlus Genetics related topics: Migraine
MedlinePlus related topics: Headache Migraine
Drug Information available for: Topiramate

Information from the National Library of Medicine

Choosing to participate in a study is an important personal decision. Talk with your doctor and family members or friends about deciding to join a study. To learn more about this study, you or your doctor may contact the study research staff using the contacts provided below. For general information, Learn About Clinical Studies.

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Ages Eligible for Study:   18 Years to 55 Years   (Adult)
Sexes Eligible for Study:   All
Accepts Healthy Volunteers:   Yes

Inclusion Criteria:

Subjects 18 to 55 years old with migraine headaches as defined by the International Headache Society (IHS).

Subjects must be willing to take topiramate for migraine prophylaxis

Exclusion Criteria:

1. Subjects with frequent tension headaches 2. Subjects with ill-defined head pain 3. Unable to be weaned off other headache prophylaxis. 4. Requiring daily use of centrally-acting medications. 5. Pregnant, lactating and women not on adequate birth control measures. 6. Subjects with a personal or family history of seizures of any type. 7. History of head injury or brain surgery. 8. Cardiac pacemakers or any other implanted electronic device. 9. Subjects with history of headaches or with history of tension-type headaches recurring >1/month and relieved by over the counter medications.


Information from the National Library of Medicine

To learn more about this study, you or your doctor may contact the study research staff using the contact information provided by the sponsor.

Please refer to this study by its identifier (NCT number): NCT00286923

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United States, Washington
Swedish Headache Clinic
Seattle, Washington, United States, 98104
Contact: Alexis R Vermaas    206-215-3510   
Principal Investigator: Sheena K Aurora, M.D.         
Sponsors and Collaborators
Emerald City Headache Organization
Ortho-McNeil Neurologics, Inc.
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Principal Investigator: Sheena K. Aurora, M.D. Emerald City Headache Organization
Layout table for additonal information Identifier: NCT00286923    
Other Study ID Numbers: CAPSS 347
First Posted: February 6, 2006    Key Record Dates
Last Update Posted: February 14, 2006
Last Verified: February 2006
Keywords provided by Emerald City Headache Organization:
chronic headache
Magnetic stimulation
Additional relevant MeSH terms:
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Migraine Disorders
Headache Disorders
Headache Disorders, Primary
Brain Diseases
Central Nervous System Diseases
Nervous System Diseases
Neurologic Manifestations
Hypoglycemic Agents
Physiological Effects of Drugs