Working... Menu

Ph II Gemcitabine, Erlotinib, and Gemcitabine With Erlotinib/Elderly Patients W/ IIIB/IV NSCLC

The safety and scientific validity of this study is the responsibility of the study sponsor and investigators. Listing a study does not mean it has been evaluated by the U.S. Federal Government. Read our disclaimer for details. Identifier: NCT00283244
Recruitment Status : Completed
First Posted : January 27, 2006
Results First Posted : April 24, 2017
Last Update Posted : April 24, 2017
National Cancer Institute (NCI)
Information provided by (Responsible Party):
UNC Lineberger Comprehensive Cancer Center

Brief Summary:

RATIONALE: Drugs used in chemotherapy, such as gemcitabine, work in different ways to stop the growth of tumor cells, either by killing the cells or by stopping them from dividing. Erlotinib may stop the growth of tumor cells by blocking some of the enzymes needed for cell growth. It is not yet known whether gemcitabine and erlotinib are more effective when given alone or together in treating non-small cell lung cancer.

PURPOSE: This randomized phase II trial is studying gemcitabine and erlotinib to compare how well they work when given alone or together as first-line therapy in treating older patients with stage IIIB or stage IV non-small cell lung cancer.

Condition or disease Intervention/treatment Phase
Lung Cancer Drug: erlotinib hydrochloride Drug: gemcitabine hydrochloride Phase 2

Detailed Description:



  • Compare the progression-free survival rate of older patients with stage IIIB or IV non-small cell lung cancer treated with gemcitabine hydrochloride vs erlotinib hydrochloride vs gemcitabine hydrochloride and erlotinib hydrochloride as first-line therapy.


  • Determine the response rate in patients receiving these regimens.
  • Determine the overall survival rate in patients receiving these regimens.
  • Determine the toxicity profile of these regimens in these patients.
  • Determine the quality of life of patients receiving these regimens.

OUTLINE: This is a randomized, open-label, controlled, parallel group, multicenter study. Patients are stratified by gender, smoking status (never or light vs current or former), and ECOG performance status (0-1 vs 2). Patients are randomized to 1 of 3 treatment arms.

  • Arm I: Patients receive gemcitabine hydrochloride IV on days 1 and 8. Patients with progressive disease may cross over to arm II.
  • Arm II: Patients receive oral erlotinib hydrochloride daily on days 1-21.
  • Arm III: Patients receive gemcitabine hydrochloride as in arm I and erlotinib hydrochloride as in arm II.

In all arms, treatment repeats every 21 days for 4 courses in the absence of disease progression or unacceptable toxicity.

After completion of study therapy, patients are followed every 2 months for 3 years.

Layout table for study information
Study Type : Interventional  (Clinical Trial)
Actual Enrollment : 147 participants
Allocation: Randomized
Intervention Model: Crossover Assignment
Masking: None (Open Label)
Primary Purpose: Treatment
Official Title: Randomized Phase II Study of First-Line Treatment With Gemcitabine vs. Erlotinib vs. Gemcitabine and Erlotinib in Elderly Patients With Stage IIIB/IV Non-Small Cell Lung Cancer
Study Start Date : March 2006
Actual Primary Completion Date : September 2014
Actual Study Completion Date : October 2014

Resource links provided by the National Library of Medicine

MedlinePlus related topics: Lung Cancer

Arm Intervention/treatment
Active Comparator: Arm A
Patients receive gemcitabine hydrochloride 1200mg/m2 IV on days 1 and 8. Patients with progressive disease may cross over to arm B.
Drug: gemcitabine hydrochloride
given IV
Other Name: Gemzar

Experimental: Arm B
Patients receive oral erlotinib hydrochloride 150mg p.o. daily on days 1-21.
Drug: erlotinib hydrochloride
given orally
Other Name: Tarceva

Experimental: Arm C
Patients receive gemcitabine hydrochloride 1000mg/m2 IV on days 1 and 8 and erlotinib hydrochloride 100mg p.o. daily
Drug: erlotinib hydrochloride
given orally
Other Name: Tarceva

Drug: gemcitabine hydrochloride
given IV
Other Name: Gemzar

Primary Outcome Measures :
  1. Progression-free Survival [ Time Frame: Six months ]
    We would consider the combination of gemcitabine plus erlotinib or single agent erlotinib to be worthy of further study if there was an increased progressed-free survival. We would use an increase to 45% progression-free survival at 6 months as significant. Progression is defined using Response Evaluation Criteria in Solid Tumors Criteria (RECIST v1.0), as a 20% increase in the sum of the longest diameter of target lesions, or a measurable increase in a non-target lesion, or the appearance of new lesions.

Secondary Outcome Measures :
  1. Response Rate [ Time Frame: Six months ]
    The best overall response (BOR) is the best response recorded from the start of the treatment until disease progression-recurrence (taking as reference for progressive disease the smallest measurement recorded since the treatment started. The response rate was defined as the percentage of patients achieving a BOR of complete response or partial response. Per Response Evaluation Criteria In Solid Tumors Criteria (RECIST v1.0) for target lesions and assessed by MRI: Complete Response (CR), Disappearance of all target lesions; Partial Response (PR), >=30% decrease in the sum of the longest diameter of target lesions; Overall Response (OR) = CR + PR.

  2. Overall Survival [ Time Frame: Up to 3 years ]
    Survival calculated from start of treatment to death from any cause for up to three years.

  3. Toxicity [ Time Frame: After each cycle/3 weeks, up to 3 years ]
    Assessments for treatment toxicity will be done with each cycle according to CTCAE v3. Results listed here are grade >=3, treatment related hematologic events (all) and Grade>=3 treatment related non hematologic events that occurred in >=5% of patients in any arm. Adverse events (toxicities) are graded on a 5 point scale from 1 (mild) to 5 (lethal), with grades 3 and higher being severe or life threatening.

  4. Quality of Life (QOL)- Functional Assessment of Cancer Therapy for Lung Cancer (FACT-L) Trial Outcome Index-L (TOI-L) [ Time Frame: After each cycle/3 weeks ]

    The FACT-L is the FACT-G and a lung cancer specific (LCS) subscale given at baseline, after each cycle and at end of treatment. The FACT-G is a 27 item measure of general QOL assessing function in 4 domains: physical well-being (PWB), social-family well-being (SFWB), emotional well-being (EWB) and functional well-being (FWB). Items are rated by patients on a Likert scale from 0 to 4. Higher scores represent better QOL. The TOI-L sums the PWB, FWB, and LCS subscale scores.

    A best response for TOI-L scores is based on change from baseline and coded as:

    a change >=+6 "improved", <= -6 "worsened" and otherwise "no change".

    A best overall score response is coded as:

    Improved (2 visit resp. of "improved" a min. of 28 days apart w/ no interim "worsened") No change (not "improved;" 2 visit resp. of "no change" or "improved" a min. of 28 days apart w/ no interim "worsened") Worsened (not "improved" or "no change;" 2 consecutive "worsened") Other (none of the above)

Information from the National Library of Medicine

Choosing to participate in a study is an important personal decision. Talk with your doctor and family members or friends about deciding to join a study. To learn more about this study, you or your doctor may contact the study research staff using the contacts provided below. For general information, Learn About Clinical Studies.

Layout table for eligibility information
Ages Eligible for Study:   70 Years to 120 Years   (Older Adult)
Sexes Eligible for Study:   All
Accepts Healthy Volunteers:   No

Inclusion Criteria Histologic or cytologic diagnosis of stage NSCLC ECOG Performance Status (PS) 0-2 Absolute Neutrophil Count (ANC) ≥ 1.5 Platelets ≥ 100,000 Hemoglobin ≥ 8.0 g/dl Aspartate aminotransferase (AST)/Alanine aminotransferase (ALT) ≤ 2.5 upper limit of institutional normal (ULN) Alkaline phosphatase ≤ 4 x ULN Total Bilirubin below or equal to upper institutional normal limits Serum Creatinine ≤ 1.5 x ULN Patients may have received 1 prior treatment in the adjuvant setting, but time since prior chemotherapy must be ≥1 year. Although the protocol specifically says adjuvant therapy, we believe neoadjuvant is similar and patients who have received neo-adjuvant (pre-operative) rather than classic adjuvant (post-operative) therapy are similar and should not be distinguished. Therefore, patients may have received

1 prior treatment in the neo-adjuvant setting as well. Treated brain metastases are eligible provided the patient is asymptomatic and meets the above criteria, including PS. Measurable disease by RECIST criteria Ability to give informed consent

Exclusion Criteria Patients with a history of severe hypersensitivity to gemcitabine. Incompletely healed from previous oncologic or other major surgery. Pregnancy or breast feeding (women of childbearing potential are not expected to be enrolled in this study given minimum age) Patients with severe co-morbid illness. Patients unable to participate in the QOL assessments.

Information from the National Library of Medicine

To learn more about this study, you or your doctor may contact the study research staff using the contact information provided by the sponsor.

Please refer to this study by its identifier (NCT number): NCT00283244

Layout table for location information
United States, Arkansas
Highlands Oncology Group - Fayetteville
Fayetteville, Arkansas, United States, 72703
United States, Georgia
Summit Cancer Care
Savannah, Georgia, United States, 31405
United States, Illinois
Evanston Hospital
Evanston, Illinois, United States, 60201-1781
United States, New Jersey
Hackensack University Medical Center Cancer Center
Hackensack, New Jersey, United States, 07601
United States, North Carolina
Lineberger Comprehensive Cancer Center at University of North Carolina - Chapel Hill
Chapel Hill, North Carolina, United States, 27599-7295
Blumenthal Cancer Center at Carolinas Medical Center
Charlotte, North Carolina, United States, 28232-2861
Batte Cancer Center at Northeast Medical Center
Concord, North Carolina, United States, 28025
Cape Fear Valley Medical Center Cancer Center
Fayetteville, North Carolina, United States, 28302-2000
Rex Cancer Center at Rex Hospital
Raleigh, North Carolina, United States, 27607
United States, Tennessee
Kingsport Hematology-Oncology Associates
Kingsport, Tennessee, United States, 37660
University of Tennessee Cancer Institute - Memphis
Memphis, Tennessee, United States, 38104
Sponsors and Collaborators
UNC Lineberger Comprehensive Cancer Center
National Cancer Institute (NCI)
Layout table for investigator information
Principal Investigator: Thomas E Stinchcombe, MD UNC Lineberger Comprehensive Cancer Center

Additional Information:
Layout table for additonal information
Responsible Party: UNC Lineberger Comprehensive Cancer Center Identifier: NCT00283244     History of Changes
Other Study ID Numbers: LCCC 0512
P30CA016086 ( U.S. NIH Grant/Contract )
UNC-LCCC-0512 ( Other Identifier: UNC IRB #05-2256 )
First Posted: January 27, 2006    Key Record Dates
Results First Posted: April 24, 2017
Last Update Posted: April 24, 2017
Last Verified: March 2017
Individual Participant Data (IPD) Sharing Statement:
Plan to Share IPD: No
Plan Description: There is no plan to share any individual participant data.

Keywords provided by UNC Lineberger Comprehensive Cancer Center:
stage IIIB non-small cell lung cancer
stage IV non-small cell lung cancer

Additional relevant MeSH terms:
Layout table for MeSH terms
Lung Neoplasms
Carcinoma, Non-Small-Cell Lung
Respiratory Tract Neoplasms
Thoracic Neoplasms
Neoplasms by Site
Lung Diseases
Respiratory Tract Diseases
Carcinoma, Bronchogenic
Bronchial Neoplasms
Erlotinib Hydrochloride
Antimetabolites, Antineoplastic
Molecular Mechanisms of Pharmacological Action
Antineoplastic Agents
Antiviral Agents
Anti-Infective Agents
Enzyme Inhibitors
Immunosuppressive Agents
Immunologic Factors
Physiological Effects of Drugs
Protein Kinase Inhibitors