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Hematopoietic Stem Cell Therapy for Patients With Multiple Sclerosis

The safety and scientific validity of this study is the responsibility of the study sponsor and investigators. Listing a study does not mean it has been evaluated by the U.S. Federal Government. Read our disclaimer for details. Identifier: NCT00278655
Recruitment Status : Terminated
First Posted : January 18, 2006
Results First Posted : May 1, 2014
Last Update Posted : May 1, 2014
Information provided by (Responsible Party):
Richard Burt, MD, Northwestern University

Brief Summary:
Multiple sclerosis is disease believed to be due to immune cells, cells which normally protect the body, but are now attacking the tissue in the brain and possibly the spinal cord. The likelihood of progression of this disease is high. This study is designed to examine whether treating patients with high dose cyclophosphamide and CAMPATH-1H (drugs which reduce the function of the immune system) followed by return of previously collected blood stem cells will stop the progression of your multiple sclerosis. Stem cells are undeveloped cells that have the capacity to grow into mature blood cells, which normally circulate in the blood stream. The purpose of the cyclophosphamide and CAMPATH-1H is to destroy the cells in your immune system which are thought to be causing your disease. The purpose of the stem cell infusion is to restore the body's blood production, which will be severely impaired by the high dose chemotherapy and to produce a normal immune system that will no longer attack the body.

Condition or disease Intervention/treatment Phase
Multiple Sclerosis Biological: Hematopoietic stem cell transplantation Phase 1 Phase 2

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Study Type : Interventional  (Clinical Trial)
Actual Enrollment : 21 participants
Allocation: N/A
Intervention Model: Single Group Assignment
Masking: None (Open Label)
Primary Purpose: Treatment
Official Title: Hematopoietic Stem Cell Therapy for Patients With Inflammatory Multiple Sclerosis Failing Interferon Therapy: A Phase II Multi-Center Trial
Study Start Date : June 2003
Actual Primary Completion Date : December 2011
Actual Study Completion Date : May 2012

Resource links provided by the National Library of Medicine

Arm Intervention/treatment
Experimental: Hematopoietic stem cell transplantation
All participants will undergo hematopoietic stem cell transplantation after receiving conditioning regimen.
Biological: Hematopoietic stem cell transplantation
Autologous hematopoietic stem cell transplantation

Primary Outcome Measures :
  1. Disease Progression [ Time Frame: 3 years after transplant ]
    Data are reporting number of participants with disease progression. Disease progression is defined as a 1 point increase in the Expanded Disability Status Scale (EDSS) on consecutive evaluations at least 3 months apart.

Secondary Outcome Measures :
  1. Survival [ Time Frame: three years ]

    Data are reporting the number of participants who survived three years after the transplant

    Survival of 21 participants was evaluated at three years after the transplant

Information from the National Library of Medicine

Choosing to participate in a study is an important personal decision. Talk with your doctor and family members or friends about deciding to join a study. To learn more about this study, you or your doctor may contact the study research staff using the contacts provided below. For general information, Learn About Clinical Studies.

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Ages Eligible for Study:   18 Years to 50 Years   (Adult)
Sexes Eligible for Study:   All
Accepts Healthy Volunteers:   No

Inclusion Criteria:

  1. Age between 18-50, inclusive.
  2. Diagnosis of Multiple Sclerosis (MS) using Poser criteria (Appendix A).
  3. An Expanded Disability Status Scale (EDSS) of 2.0 - 5.5 (Appendix B).
  4. Inflammatory disease despite primary disease modifying therapy with at least 3 months of interferon. Failure is defined as two or more clinical relapses with documented neurologic changes within the year prior to the study. (NOTE: Relapses must have required treatment with corticosteroids. Sensory only relapses are excluded.) Failure may also be defined as one relapse within the year prior to study if there is evidence on MRI of active inflammation (i.e., gadolinium enhancement).

Exclusion Criteria:

  1. Any illness that in the opinion of the investigators would jeopardize the ability of the patient to tolerate aggressive chemotherapy.
  2. Prior history of malignancy except localized basal cell, squamous skin cancer or carcinoma in situ of the cervix. Other malignancies for which the patient is judged to be cured, such as head and neck cancer, or breast cancer will be considered on an individual basis.
  3. Positive pregnancy test.
  4. Inability or unwillingness to pursue effective means of birth control. Effective birth control is defined as 1) refraining from all acts of vaginal intercourse (ABSTINENCE); 2) consistent use of birth control pills; 3) injectable birth control methods (Depo-provera, Norplant); 4) tubal sterilization or male partner who has undergone vasectomy; 5) placement of an intrauterine device (IUD); or 6) use, with every act of intercourse, of diaphragm with contraceptive jelly and/or condoms with contraceptive foam.
  5. Failure to willingly accept or comprehend irreversible sterility as a side effect of therapy.
  6. Forced expiratory volume in 1 second (FEV1) / forced vital capacity (FVC) < 60% of predicted after bronchodilator therapy (if necessary).
  7. Diffusing capacity of the lung for carbon monoxide (DLCO) < 50% of predicted.
  8. Resting left ventricular ejection fraction (LVEF) < 50 %.
  9. Bilirubin > 2.0 mg/dl.
  10. Serum creatinine > 2.0 mg/dl.
  11. Known hypersensitivity to mouse, rabbit, or E. Coli derived proteins, or to iron compounds/medications.
  12. Presence of metallic objects implanted in the body that would preclude the ability of the patient to safely have MRI exams.
  13. Diagnosis of primary progressive multipole sclerosis (MS).
  14. Platelet count < 100,000/ul.
  15. Psychiatric illness, mental deficiency or cognitive dysfunction making compliance with treatment or informed consent impossible.
  16. Active infection except asymptomatic bacteruria.

Information from the National Library of Medicine

To learn more about this study, you or your doctor may contact the study research staff using the contact information provided by the sponsor.

Please refer to this study by its identifier (NCT number): NCT00278655

Sponsors and Collaborators
Northwestern University
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Principal Investigator: Richard Burt, MD Northwestern University
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Responsible Party: Richard Burt, MD, MD, Northwestern University Identifier: NCT00278655    
Other Study ID Numbers: DIAD MS.Auto2002
First Posted: January 18, 2006    Key Record Dates
Results First Posted: May 1, 2014
Last Update Posted: May 1, 2014
Last Verified: March 2014
Additional relevant MeSH terms:
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Multiple Sclerosis
Pathologic Processes
Demyelinating Autoimmune Diseases, CNS
Autoimmune Diseases of the Nervous System
Nervous System Diseases
Demyelinating Diseases
Autoimmune Diseases
Immune System Diseases