Working...
ClinicalTrials.gov
ClinicalTrials.gov Menu

Individualized Drug Treatment for Treating Patients With Pancreatic Cancer

The safety and scientific validity of this study is the responsibility of the study sponsor and investigators. Listing a study does not mean it has been evaluated by the U.S. Federal Government. Read our disclaimer for details.
ClinicalTrials.gov Identifier: NCT00276744
Recruitment Status : Terminated (Because there was no longer an active laboratory component to this study.)
First Posted : January 13, 2006
Results First Posted : August 27, 2018
Last Update Posted : October 24, 2018
Sponsor:
Collaborator:
National Cancer Institute (NCI)
Information provided by (Responsible Party):
Sidney Kimmel Comprehensive Cancer Center at Johns Hopkins

Brief Summary:

RATIONALE: Treating tumor tissue in the laboratory with different drugs may help doctors find the best drug for treating individual patients with pancreatic cancer.

PURPOSE: This phase II trial is studying an individualized drug treatment selection process, based on laboratory results, for treating patients with pancreatic cancer that can be removed by surgery.


Condition or disease Intervention/treatment Phase
Pancreatic Cancer Biological: cetuximab Drug: capecitabine Drug: docetaxel Drug: Erlotinib Drug: Gemcitabine Drug: Irinotecan Drug: mitomycin C Drug: rapamycin Procedure: conventional surgery Phase 2

Detailed Description:

OBJECTIVES:

  • Establish tumor xenografts from patients with resectable adenocarcinoma of the pancreas who undergo surgical resection at Johns Hopkins Hospital.
  • Determine the activity of a series of 10 anticancer drugs against these tumors in ex vivo studies.
  • Determine the response rate, time to treatment failure, and 6-month survival rate in patients whose tumors were xenografted and treated in the mouse when treated with the most active agent identified in that model.
  • Define determinants of susceptibility and resistance to the drugs in xenografted tumors.

OUTLINE:

  • Part I (surgical resection, tumor xenografts generation, and drug selection): Patients undergo surgical resection. The resected tumor tissue is implanted in laboratory mice to generate tumor xenografts. The mice are then treated with a series of 10 approved anticancer drugs, whose anticancer activity are ranked from the most to the least effective based on response of the tumor xenografts. The most effective drug is identified for the individual patient. Patients for whom no drug is found to be effective are removed from the study. Patients who develop progressive disease after surgical resection and after mice data is available proceed to part II.
  • Part II (individual patient treatment): Patients receive the most effective drug identified in part I in the absence of disease progression or unacceptable toxicity. The drugs may include bortezomib, capecitabine, cetuximab, docetaxel, erlotinib hydrochloride, gemcitabine hydrochloride, irinotecan hydrochloride, mitomycin C, sirolimus, or thalidomide.

PROJECTED ACCRUAL: A total of 40 patients will be accrued for this study.


Layout table for study information
Study Type : Interventional  (Clinical Trial)
Actual Enrollment : 249 participants
Intervention Model: Single Group Assignment
Masking: None (Open Label)
Primary Purpose: Treatment
Official Title: A Feasibility Study for Individualized Treatment of Patients With Advanced Pancreatic Cancer
Study Start Date : October 2005
Actual Primary Completion Date : April 2010
Actual Study Completion Date : April 2010

Resource links provided by the National Library of Medicine


Arm Intervention/treatment
Experimental: Arm 1

PART A: Participants will have their tumors collected at the time of conventional surgery. Tumors will be implanted in nude mice and treated with a set of 8 commercially available anticancer drugs. Drugs will be ranked based in their activity from most to least active. Patients will then proceed to receive adjuvant treatment based on physician discretion and will be followed until disease progression.

Capecitabine 1,5 mmol/kg Oral gavage 1- 5 days x 2 weeks Cetuximab 500 mg IP Twice a week x 2 weeks Docetaxel 20 mg/kg IV Once at week x 4 weeks Erlotinib 75 mg/kg IP 1-5 days x 2 weeks Gemcitabine 100 mg/kg IP Twice a week x 4 weeks Irinotecan 50 mg/kg IV Twice a week Mitomycin C 5 mg/kg IP One dose Rapamycin 4 mg/kg IP 1-5 days x 2 weeks

PART B: At the time of progression, patients will be evaluated for Part B of the study and treated with the drug selected in Part A as the most active using approved doses and schedules of administration.

Biological: cetuximab
Tumors will be implanted in nude mice and treated with a set of 8 commercially available anticancer drugs. Drugs will be ranked based in their activity from most to least active. Biological studies will be conducted in tumor tissues to better understand the response to tested drugs.

Drug: capecitabine
Tumors will be implanted in nude mice and treated with a set of 8 commercially available anticancer drugs. Drugs will be ranked based in their activity from most to least active. Biological studies will be conducted in tumor tissues to better understand the response to tested drugs.
Other Name: xeloda

Drug: docetaxel
Tumors will be implanted in nude mice and treated with a set of 8 commercially available anticancer drugs. Drugs will be ranked based in their activity from most to least active. Biological studies will be conducted in tumor tissues to better understand the response to tested drugs.
Other Name: taxotere

Drug: Erlotinib
Tumors will be implanted in nude mice and treated with a set of 8 commercially available anticancer drugs. Drugs will be ranked based in their activity from most to least active. Biological studies will be conducted in tumor tissues to better understand the response to tested drugs.
Other Name: tarceva

Drug: Gemcitabine
Tumors will be implanted in nude mice and treated with a set of 8 commercially available anticancer drugs. Drugs will be ranked based in their activity from most to least active. Biological studies will be conducted in tumor tissues to better understand the response to tested drugs.
Other Name: gemzar

Drug: Irinotecan
Tumors will be implanted in nude mice and treated with a set of 8 commercially available anticancer drugs. Drugs will be ranked based in their activity from most to least active. Biological studies will be conducted in tumor tissues to better understand the response to tested drugs.
Other Name: campto

Drug: mitomycin C
Tumors will be implanted in nude mice and treated with a set of 8 commercially available anticancer drugs. Drugs will be ranked based in their activity from most to least active. Biological studies will be conducted in tumor tissues to better understand the response to tested drugs.
Other Name: mitomycin

Drug: rapamycin
Tumors will be implanted in nude mice and treated with a set of 8 commercially available anticancer drugs. Drugs will be ranked based in their activity from most to least active. Biological studies will be conducted in tumor tissues to better understand the response to tested drugs.
Other Name: sirolimus

Procedure: conventional surgery
Tumors will be implanted in nude mice and treated with a set of 8 commercially available anticancer drugs. Drugs will be ranked based in their activity from most to least active. Biological studies will be conducted in tumor tissues to better understand the response to tested drugs.




Primary Outcome Measures :
  1. 6-month Overall Survival [ Time Frame: 6 months ]
    Percentage of patients survived at 6 months for patients whose tumors were xenografted and treated in the mouse when treated with the most active agent identified in that model



Information from the National Library of Medicine

Choosing to participate in a study is an important personal decision. Talk with your doctor and family members or friends about deciding to join a study. To learn more about this study, you or your doctor may contact the study research staff using the contacts provided below. For general information, Learn About Clinical Studies.


Layout table for eligibility information
Ages Eligible for Study:   18 Years to 120 Years   (Adult, Older Adult)
Sexes Eligible for Study:   All
Accepts Healthy Volunteers:   No
Criteria

Part A

Inclusion Criteria

  1. Suspected adenocarcinoma of the pancreas with resectable disease schedule to have surgical resection at the Johns Hopkins Hospital.
  2. Age ≥ 18 years old.
  3. Ability to understand and willingness to sign a written informed consent document.

Part B

Inclusion Criteria

  1. Participation in Part A of the study with informative mouse xenograft data.
  2. Histologically or cytologically confirmed diagnosis of invasive adenocarcinoma of the pancreas and peripancreatic adenocarcinoma, including distal cholangiocarcinoma, duodenal carcinoma, and ampullary pancreatic not amenable to curative treatment.
  3. ECOG performance status 0 or 1
  4. Age ≥ 18 years old.
  5. Expected survival > 12 weeks.
  6. No prior treatment for recurrent disease.
  7. Willingness of male and female subjects, who are not surgically sterile or postmenopausal, to use reliable methods of birth control (oral contraceptives, intrauterine devices, or barrier methods used with a spermicide) for the duration of the study and for 30 days after the last dose of test article.
  8. Adequate liver, renal and bone marrow functions.

WBC > 3,500 cells/mm3 ANC > 1,500 cells/mm3 Platelets > 100,000 cells/mm3 Hemoglobin ≥ 9 g/dl Serum creatinine 2 mg/dl Bilirubin 2 mg/dL ALT, AST, and alkaline phosphatase 5 times the upper limit of normal

Exclusion criteria

  1. Patients in whom histologic or cytologic diagnosis is not consistent with adenocarcinoma.
  2. Patients in whom histologic or cytologic diagnosis is consistent with non epithelial origin tumors, including adenosquamous, islet cell, cystadenoma or cystadenocarcinoma, carcinoid, small or large cell carcinoma, sarcoma, lymphoma and melanoma
  3. Patients with known brain metastases should be excluded from this clinical trial because of their poor prognosis and because they often develop progressive neurologic dysfunction that would confound the evaluation of neurologic and other adverse events.

4. Patients who have had any previous surgery, excluding minor procedures, dental work, skin biopsy, etc. within 4 weeks of enrollment.

5. Uncontrolled medical conditions that could potentially increase the risk of toxicities or complications when treated with chemotherapy. Gastrointestinal tract disease resulting in an inability to take oral medication or a requirement for IV alimentation, prior surgical procedures affecting absorption, or active peptic ulcer disease.

6. Active infections.

7. History of another neoplasm except for non-metastatic, nonmelanoma skin cancers, < 5 years prior to enrollment.

8. Unable to provide informed consent.

9. Treatment with chemotherapy within 30 days of day 1 treatment.

10. Any unresolved chronic toxicity greater than CTCAE grade 2 from previous anticancer therapy (except alopecia).

11. Pregnant women are excluded from this study because the effects of the chemotherapy agents to be tested on the developing fetus are not known. Because there is an unknown but potential risk for adverse events in nursing infants secondary to treatment of the mother with MMC, breast feeding should be discontinued if the mother is treated with the drug.

12. Patients must not have documented history of clinically significant cardiovascular disease including myocardial infarction (within 12 months prior to randomization), unstable angina, grade II or greater peripheral vascular disease, uncontrolled congestive heart failure or uncontrolled hypertension (SBP>170, DBP>95).

13. Patients with non informative xenograft data including patients whose tumors do not take in the mice, who progress before mice data is available or whose tumors do not respond to any of the selected agents.


Information from the National Library of Medicine

To learn more about this study, you or your doctor may contact the study research staff using the contact information provided by the sponsor.

Please refer to this study by its ClinicalTrials.gov identifier (NCT number): NCT00276744


Locations
Layout table for location information
United States, Maryland
Sidney Kimmel Comprehensive Cancer Center at Johns Hopkins
Baltimore, Maryland, United States, 21231-2410
Sponsors and Collaborators
Sidney Kimmel Comprehensive Cancer Center at Johns Hopkins
National Cancer Institute (NCI)
Investigators
Layout table for investigator information
Study Chair: Daniel A. Laheru, MD Sidney Kimmel Comprehensive Cancer Center at Johns Hopkins

Publications automatically indexed to this study by ClinicalTrials.gov Identifier (NCT Number):
Layout table for additonal information
Responsible Party: Sidney Kimmel Comprehensive Cancer Center at Johns Hopkins
ClinicalTrials.gov Identifier: NCT00276744     History of Changes
Other Study ID Numbers: J0507
P30CA006973 ( U.S. NIH Grant/Contract )
CDR0000455000
05-04-14-02 ( Other Identifier: JHM IRB )
First Posted: January 13, 2006    Key Record Dates
Results First Posted: August 27, 2018
Last Update Posted: October 24, 2018
Last Verified: October 2018
Individual Participant Data (IPD) Sharing Statement:
Plan to Share IPD: No

Layout table for additional information
Studies a U.S. FDA-regulated Drug Product: Yes
Studies a U.S. FDA-regulated Device Product: No

Keywords provided by Sidney Kimmel Comprehensive Cancer Center at Johns Hopkins:
recurrent pancreatic cancer
stage III pancreatic cancer
adenocarcinoma of the pancreas
stage I pancreatic cancer
stage II pancreatic cancer

Additional relevant MeSH terms:
Layout table for MeSH terms
Pancreatic Neoplasms
Digestive System Neoplasms
Neoplasms by Site
Neoplasms
Endocrine Gland Neoplasms
Digestive System Diseases
Pancreatic Diseases
Endocrine System Diseases
Gemcitabine
Capecitabine
Irinotecan
Erlotinib Hydrochloride
Mitomycin
Sirolimus
Everolimus
Docetaxel
Cetuximab
Mitomycins
Antimetabolites, Antineoplastic
Antimetabolites
Molecular Mechanisms of Pharmacological Action
Antineoplastic Agents
Antiviral Agents
Anti-Infective Agents
Enzyme Inhibitors
Immunosuppressive Agents
Immunologic Factors
Physiological Effects of Drugs
Tubulin Modulators
Antimitotic Agents