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Combination Chemotherapy Followed By Surgery With or Without Radiation Therapy in Treating Young Patients With Stage II or Stage III Neuroblastoma

The safety and scientific validity of this study is the responsibility of the study sponsor and investigators. Listing a study does not mean it has been evaluated by the U.S. Federal Government. Read our disclaimer for details. Identifier: NCT00276731
Recruitment Status : Unknown
Verified January 2006 by National Cancer Institute (NCI).
Recruitment status was:  Active, not recruiting
First Posted : January 13, 2006
Last Update Posted : September 17, 2013
Information provided by:
National Cancer Institute (NCI)

Brief Summary:

RATIONALE: Drugs used in chemotherapy work in different ways to stop the growth of tumor cells, either by killing the cells or by stopping them from dividing. Giving more than one drug (combination chemotherapy) may kill more tumor cells. Giving combination chemotherapy before surgery may make the tumor smaller and reduce the amount of normal tissue that needs to be removed. Radiation therapy uses high-energy x-rays to kill tumor cells. Giving radiation therapy after surgery may kill any tumor cells that remain. It is not yet know whether combination chemotherapy followed by surgery alone is more effective than combination chemotherapy followed by surgery and radiation therapy in treating neuroblastoma.

PURPOSE: This randomized phase III trial is studying combination chemotherapy followed by surgery to see how well it works compared to combination chemotherapy followed by surgery and radiation therapy in treating young patients with stage II or stage III neuroblastoma.

Condition or disease Intervention/treatment Phase
Neuroblastoma Drug: carboplatin Drug: cisplatin Drug: cyclophosphamide Drug: etoposide Drug: vincristine sulfate Procedure: conventional surgery Procedure: neoadjuvant therapy Radiation: radiation therapy Phase 3

Detailed Description:


  • Compare the local control and event-free and overall survival of young patients with stage IIB and III neuroblastoma treated with neoadjuvant combination chemotherapy followed by surgery with vs without radiotherapy.
  • Determine the toxic effects of these regimen in these patients.

OUTLINE: This is a multicenter, randomized study.

  • Induction combination chemotherapy: Patients receive vincristine IV and cyclophosphamide IV on day 1. Patients also receive cisplatin IV continuously over 24 hours on day 1 and etoposide IV over 4 hours on day 2 during courses 1, 3, and 5 and carboplatin IV over 1 hour and etoposide IV over 4 hours on day 1 during courses 2 and 4. Treatment repeats every 21 days for 5 courses in the absence of disease progression or unacceptable toxicity. Patients then proceed to surgery unless complete resection was done during initial staging and complete response was maintained.
  • Surgery: Patients undergo biopsy or surgical resection of the tumor 2-3 weeks after completion of induction combination chemotherapy.
  • Post-surgical treatment: Patients are randomized to 1 of 2 treatment arms.

    • Arm I: Patients receive two additional courses of combination chemotherapy comprising vincristine, cisplatin, etoposide, and cyclophosphamide in course 6 and vincristine, carboplatin, etoposide, and cyclophosphamide in course 7.
    • Arm II: Patients undergo radiotherapy 2-4 weeks after surgery. Beginning 3 weeks after completion of radiotherapy, patients receive chemotherapy as in arm I After completion of study treatment, patients are evaluated periodically.

PROJECTED ACCRUAL: A total of 150 patients will be accrued for this study.

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Study Type : Interventional  (Clinical Trial)
Allocation: Randomized
Primary Purpose: Treatment
Official Title: Randomized Study of Radiotherapy in Patients With Stage 2B/3 (INSS) Neuroblastoma in Children Over 1 Year of Age
Study Start Date : March 1995

Resource links provided by the National Library of Medicine

MedlinePlus related topics: Neuroblastoma

Information from the National Library of Medicine

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Ages Eligible for Study:   1 Year and older   (Child, Adult, Older Adult)
Sexes Eligible for Study:   All
Accepts Healthy Volunteers:   No


  • Histologically confirmed stage IIB or III neuroblastoma

    • No n-myc amplification


  • Not specified


  • No prior chemotherapy or radiotherapy

Information from the National Library of Medicine

To learn more about this study, you or your doctor may contact the study research staff using the contact information provided by the sponsor.

Please refer to this study by its identifier (NCT number): NCT00276731

Show Show 22 study locations
Sponsors and Collaborators
Children's Cancer and Leukaemia Group
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Study Chair: Ann Barrett University of Glasgow
OverallOfficial: S. J. Keith Holmes, DO St. George's Hospital
OverallOfficial: Janice A. Kohler, MD, FRCP University Hospital Southampton NHS Foundation Trust
OverallOfficial: Andrew David J. Pearson, MD, FRCP, DCh University of Newcastle Upon-Tyne
OverallOfficial: Jack van Hoff, MD Yale University
OverallOfficial: Robert P. Castleberry, MD University of Alabama at Birmingham
OverallOfficial: Kevin Murray, MD Mercy Regional Cancer Center at Mercy Medical Center
Layout table for additonal information Identifier: NCT00276731    
Other Study ID Numbers: CDR0000454725
First Posted: January 13, 2006    Key Record Dates
Last Update Posted: September 17, 2013
Last Verified: January 2006
Keywords provided by National Cancer Institute (NCI):
localized resectable neuroblastoma
localized unresectable neuroblastoma
regional neuroblastoma
Additional relevant MeSH terms:
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Neuroectodermal Tumors, Primitive, Peripheral
Neuroectodermal Tumors, Primitive
Neoplasms, Neuroepithelial
Neuroectodermal Tumors
Neoplasms, Germ Cell and Embryonal
Neoplasms by Histologic Type
Neoplasms, Glandular and Epithelial
Neoplasms, Nerve Tissue
Immunosuppressive Agents
Immunologic Factors
Physiological Effects of Drugs
Antirheumatic Agents
Antineoplastic Agents, Alkylating
Alkylating Agents
Molecular Mechanisms of Pharmacological Action
Antineoplastic Agents
Myeloablative Agonists
Antineoplastic Agents, Phytogenic
Topoisomerase II Inhibitors
Topoisomerase Inhibitors
Enzyme Inhibitors
Tubulin Modulators
Antimitotic Agents
Mitosis Modulators