Effects of Atorvastatin Versus Probucol on Small Dense LDL
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Small dense low-density lipoprotein (LDL) plays an important role in causing glomerular injury through conversion to an oxidatively modified form of LDL. However, few studies evaluated the effects of antilipidemic agents on the LDL particle size and renoprotective actions in hyperlipidemic patients with non-diabetic nephropathy.
Condition or disease
Drug: Effects of atorvastatin versus probucol on small dense LDL
The study is a randomized crossover trial comparing the effect of atorvastatin (10 mg/day) and probucol (500 mg/day) for 24 weeks in 30 patients (urinary albumin excretion 0.3–2.0 g/day, and creatinine clearance > 30 ml/min/1.73 m2 or serum creatinine concentration < 2 mg/L). Lipid parameters, mean LDL particle diameter, creatinine clearance, and urinary albumin to creatinine excretion ratio are measured before and during treatment periods. It will be evaluated that, first, whether atorvastatin and probucol significantly reduce serum total cholesterol and LDL cholesterol concentrations, second, whether atorvastatin and probucol significantly increase the LDL particle size, third, whether significant differences in urinary albumin/creatinine excretion ratio and creatinine clearance are observed in both groups during treatment.
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Layout table for eligibility information
Ages Eligible for Study:
20 Years to 75 Years (Adult, Older Adult)
Sexes Eligible for Study:
Accepts Healthy Volunteers:
Hyperlipidemic patients with non-diabetic nephropathy
Endocrinological, hematological or hepatic disease
Cerebral infarction or hemorrhage
Homozygous familial hypercholesterolemia
Myocardial infarction occurring within the previous 6 months