Capecitabine in Treating Patients With Metastatic Breast Cancer

The safety and scientific validity of this study is the responsibility of the study sponsor and investigators. Listing a study does not mean it has been evaluated by the U.S. Federal Government. Read our disclaimer for details. Identifier: NCT00274768
Recruitment Status : Completed
First Posted : January 11, 2006
Results First Posted : December 21, 2012
Last Update Posted : October 14, 2015
National Cancer Institute (NCI)
Information provided by (Responsible Party):
Sidney Kimmel Comprehensive Cancer Center at Johns Hopkins

Brief Summary:

RATIONALE: Drugs used in chemotherapy, such as capecitabine, work in different ways to stop the growth of tumor cells, either by killing the cells or by stopping them from dividing.

PURPOSE: This phase II trial is studying how well capecitabine works in treating patients with metastatic breast cancer.

Condition or disease Intervention/treatment Phase
Breast Cancer Drug: capecitabine Phase 2

Detailed Description:



  • Determine the response rate in patients with metastatic breast cancer treated with a fixed-dose of capecitabine.


  • Determine the clinical benefit, time to treatment failure (TTF), safety, and toxicity profile of this regimen in these patients.
  • Determine the pharmacokinetics (PK) and pharmacogenetics in these patients.
  • Correlate pharmacodynamic effects of this drug with toxicity and response in these patients.
  • Determine compliance and adherence to this regimen and correlate with PK parameters in these patients.

OUTLINE: This is an open-label study.

Patients receive a fixed-dose of oral capecitabine twice daily on days 1-14. Courses repeat every 21 days in the absence of disease progression or unacceptable toxicity.

After completion of study treatment, patients are followed periodically.

PROJECTED ACCRUAL: A total of 45 patients will be accrued for this study.

Study Type : Interventional  (Clinical Trial)
Actual Enrollment : 26 participants
Intervention Model: Single Group Assignment
Masking: None (Open Label)
Primary Purpose: Treatment
Official Title: Phase II Study of Fixed-Dose Capecitabine in Metastatic Breast Cancer
Study Start Date : April 2004
Actual Primary Completion Date : December 2009
Actual Study Completion Date : November 2012

Resource links provided by the National Library of Medicine

MedlinePlus related topics: Breast Cancer

Arm Intervention/treatment
Experimental: Capecitabine Drug: capecitabine

Primary Outcome Measures :
  1. Response Rate [ Time Frame: Participants were followed to progression, evaluated every 12 weeks ]
    Per Response Evaluation Criteria In Solid Tumors Criteria (RECIST v1.0) for target lesions and assessed by CT/MRI: Complete Response (CR), Disappearance of all target lesions; Partial Response (PR), >=30% decrease in the sum of the longest diameter of target lesions; Overall Response (OR) = CR + PR.

Secondary Outcome Measures :
  1. Clinical Benefit, Time to Treatment Failure, Safety and Toxicity [ Time Frame: Time to progression ]
  2. Pharmacokinetic and Pharmacodynamic Effects [ Time Frame: Time to progression ]
  3. Adherence and Compliance to Oral Medication Using Electronic Monitoring [ Time Frame: Every 3 weeks ]

Information from the National Library of Medicine

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Ages Eligible for Study:   18 Years and older   (Adult, Older Adult)
Sexes Eligible for Study:   All
Accepts Healthy Volunteers:   No


  • Histologically or cytologically confirmed diagnosis of adenocarcinoma of the breast

    • Evidence of metastatic involvement (stage IV disease)
  • Patients must have measurable disease

    • At least one measurable lesion as defined by the Response Evaluation Criteria in Solid Tumors (RECIST)
  • Treated brain metastases (surgery or radiation therapy) allowed if clinically stable
  • Patients with leptomeningeal disease are ineligible
  • Hormone receptor status:

    • Not specified


  • ECOG (Eastern Cooperative Oncology Group) performance status 0-2
  • Male or female
  • Menopausal status not specified
  • Absolute neutrophil count (ANC) ≥ 1,500/mm^3
  • Platelet count ≥ 100,000/mm^3
  • Creatinine clearance > 50 mL/min
  • Fertile patients must use effective contraception
  • No history of another severe and/or life-threatening medical disease
  • No other active primary malignancy
  • Not pregnant or nursing
  • Negative pregnancy test
  • Patients with asymptomatic HIV infection are eligible
  • Liver dysfunction score ≤ 9
  • No pre-existing liver disease (i.e., cirrhosis or active viral hepatitis)
  • No active gastrointestinal malabsorption illness
  • No clinically significant cardiac disease, including the following:

    • Congestive heart failure, symptomatic coronary artery disease, and cardiac arrhythmias not well controlled with medication, or myocardial infarction within the past six months
  • No prior unanticipated severe reaction to fluoropyrimidine therapy, known hypersensitivity to fluorouracil, or known dihydropyrimidine dehydrogenase deficiency
  • No history of uncontrolled seizures or central nervous system disorders
  • No significant history of noncompliance to medical regimens
  • No clinically significant psychiatric disability that would preclude study compliance


  • No previous capecitabine
  • Up to 3 prior cytotoxic regimens allowed for metastatic disease

    • Prior noncytotoxic therapy allowed (e.g., hormonal treatment or trastuzumab)
  • No other concurrent therapies intended to treat the primary condition including chemotherapy, biologic agents, or immunotherapy
  • No concurrent anti-estrogen therapy, radiation therapy, or investigational systemic therapy
  • No other concurrent investigational drugs
  • No concurrent use of the following drugs: warfarin for full anticoagulation, cimetidine, or azidothymidine (AZT)

    • Mini-dose warfarin for prophylaxis of central venous catheter thrombosis allowed
  • At least 4 weeks since prior sorivudine or brivudine
  • Concurrent use of bisphosphonates allowed if initiated before beginning study therapy
  • Concurrent use of megestrol acetate suspension as an appetite stimulant allowed

Information from the National Library of Medicine

To learn more about this study, you or your doctor may contact the study research staff using the contact information provided by the sponsor.

Please refer to this study by its identifier (NCT number): NCT00274768

United States, Maryland
DeCesaris Cancer Institute at Anne Arundel Medical Center
Annapolis, Maryland, United States, 21401
Sidney Kimmel Comprehensive Cancer Center at Johns Hopkins
Baltimore, Maryland, United States, 21231-2410
United States, Massachusetts
Dana-Farber/Harvard Cancer Center at Dana Farber Cancer Institute
Boston, Massachusetts, United States, 02115
Sponsors and Collaborators
Sidney Kimmel Comprehensive Cancer Center at Johns Hopkins
National Cancer Institute (NCI)
Principal Investigator: Antonio C. Wolff, MD Sidney Kimmel Comprehensive Cancer Center at Johns Hopkins

Publications automatically indexed to this study by Identifier (NCT Number):
Responsible Party: Sidney Kimmel Comprehensive Cancer Center at Johns Hopkins Identifier: NCT00274768     History of Changes
Other Study ID Numbers: J0425 CDR0000446286
P30CA006973 ( U.S. NIH Grant/Contract )
JHOC-J0425 ( Other Identifier: SKCCC )
JHOC-SKCCC-J0425 ( Other Identifier: SKCCC )
JHOC-IRB-04032502 ( Other Identifier: SKCCC )
First Posted: January 11, 2006    Key Record Dates
Results First Posted: December 21, 2012
Last Update Posted: October 14, 2015
Last Verified: October 2015

Keywords provided by Sidney Kimmel Comprehensive Cancer Center at Johns Hopkins:
stage IV breast cancer
male breast cancer
recurrent breast cancer

Additional relevant MeSH terms:
Breast Neoplasms
Neoplasms by Site
Breast Diseases
Skin Diseases
Antimetabolites, Antineoplastic
Molecular Mechanisms of Pharmacological Action
Antineoplastic Agents