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A Study to Evaluate the Safety and Efficacy of Epoetin Alfa Versus Placebo for the Treatment of Anemia in Patients With Acquired Immunodeficiency Syndrome (AIDS) Who Are Receiving Zidovudine (AZT) Therapy

The safety and scientific validity of this study is the responsibility of the study sponsor and investigators. Listing a study does not mean it has been evaluated by the U.S. Federal Government. Read our disclaimer for details. Identifier: NCT00270283
Recruitment Status : Completed
First Posted : December 26, 2005
Last Update Posted : May 18, 2011
Information provided by:
Johnson & Johnson Pharmaceutical Research & Development, L.L.C.

Brief Summary:
The purpose of this study is to evaluate the effectiveness and safety of epoetin alfa in AIDS patients for the treatment of anemia that is a result of the disease and zidovudine (AZT) treatment. Epoetin alfa is a genetically engineered protein that stimulates red blood cell production.

Condition or disease Intervention/treatment Phase
Acquired Immunodeficiency Syndrome Anemia Drug: epoetin alfa Phase 2

Detailed Description:

It is estimated that approximately 75% to 80% of patients with AIDS experience anemia, which can be caused by AIDS or by the therapy patients receive for AIDS treatment (for example, zidovudine [AZT]). Anemia is a condition in which a patient has below normal levels of hemoglobin, the substance in red blood cells that carries oxygen to all parts of the body. People with severe anemia may experience fatigue and shortness of breath with activity. Therefore, this condition can have a negative influence on a person's quality of life. Epoetin alfa, used to treat anemia, is a genetically engineered form of a natural hormone, erythropoietin, that stimulates red blood cell production. This is a randomized, double-blind, placebo-controlled, parallel group study with an open-label follow-up period that is designed to evaluate the safety and effectiveness of epoetin alfa treatment in patients with AIDS who are being treated with AZT. The study consists of 3 periods: a screening period to determine if patients are eligible for the study, a double-blind treatment period, and an open-label treatment period. Eligible patients will be randomly assigned to one of two groups: epoetin alfa 150 units per kilogram or matching placebo. Patients will be treated with study medication (injected under the skin) 3 times a week for 12 weeks, or until their hematocrit reaches 38% to 40%. In the open-label period, all patients receive epoetin alfa injected under the skin for up to 6 months. Effectiveness will be determined by the change in hemoglobin and hematocrit (laboratory tests used to evaluate the severity of anemia), transfusion requirements, the patient's quality of life assessment, and the physician's global evaluation of the drug effect. Safety assessments include the incidence and severity of adverse events during the study, changes in clinical laboratory tests (hematology, biochemistry, and urinalysis), vital signs, electrocardiograms (ECGs), and physical examination findings. The study hypothesis is that AIDS patients who are receiving AZT and who are treated with epoetin alfa will have a lower incident of anemia compared with patients receiving placebo.

Double-blind: epoetin alfa, 150 units per kilogram [U/kg] of body weight, or placebo, injected under the patient's skin 3 times a week for 12 weeks or until the hematocrit level reaches 38% to 40%. Open-label: epoetin alfa, 200 U/kg, 3 times a week for up to 6 months (once weekly after hematocrit reaches 38% to 40%). Dose may be adjusted up to 1500 U/kg per week, as needed.

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Study Type : Interventional  (Clinical Trial)
Actual Enrollment : 102 participants
Allocation: Randomized
Intervention Model: Parallel Assignment
Masking: Double
Primary Purpose: Treatment
Official Title: A Double-Blind, Placebo-Controlled Study With Open-Label Follow-up to Determine the Safety and Efficacy of Subcutaneous Doses of r-HuEPO in AIDS Patients With Anemia Induced by Their Disease and AZT Therapy
Study Start Date : July 1988
Actual Study Completion Date : April 1990

Resource links provided by the National Library of Medicine

MedlinePlus related topics: Anemia HIV/AIDS

Primary Outcome Measures :
  1. Change in hemoglobin and hematocrit (laboratory tests used to evaluate the severity of anemia); Transfusion requirements; Patient's quality of life assessment

Secondary Outcome Measures :
  1. Adverse events; changes in clinical laboratory tests, vital signs, electrocardiograms, and physical examination findings; Physician's global evaluation of the overall effect of the drug

Information from the National Library of Medicine

Choosing to participate in a study is an important personal decision. Talk with your doctor and family members or friends about deciding to join a study. To learn more about this study, you or your doctor may contact the study research staff using the contacts provided below. For general information, Learn About Clinical Studies.

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Ages Eligible for Study:   18 Years to 75 Years   (Adult, Older Adult)
Sexes Eligible for Study:   All
Accepts Healthy Volunteers:   No

Inclusion Criteria: - Patients with a confirmed diagnosis of AIDS - having a Performance score of 0, 1, or 2 (patients' ability to perform daily activities, a score ranging from 0 [fully active, no disease restriction] to 3 [capable of only limited self-care, confined to bed or chair more than 50% of waking hours]) - taking a maintenance dose of AZT of at least 400 mg/day - having a hematocrit of at least 30% and a history of a >=15% decrease in hematocrit since starting AZT therapy, or have become dependent on transfusions - who are clinically stable for at least 1 month before study entry.

Exclusion Criteria: - Patients having a history of any important blood disease - having any clinically significant disease or malfunction of the lungs, heart, hormones, neurological, gastrointestinal, reproductive or urinary systems, which is not caused by the AIDS infection - having dementia due to AIDS, a history of seizures, uncontrolled high blood pressure, or an iron deficiency - androgen therapy within 2 months of study entry - having anemia caused by other conditions than AIDS or AZT therapy (for example, certain vitamin deficiencies or bleeding from the gastrointestinal tract) - having a sudden onset of infections, or a history of cell damage due to chemotherapy within 1 month before study entry.

Information from the National Library of Medicine

To learn more about this study, you or your doctor may contact the study research staff using the contact information provided by the sponsor.

Please refer to this study by its identifier (NCT number): NCT00270283

Sponsors and Collaborators
Johnson & Johnson Pharmaceutical Research & Development, L.L.C.
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Study Director: Ortho Biotech Products, L.P. Clinical Trial Ortho Biotech, Inc.

Additional Information:
Layout table for additonal information Identifier: NCT00270283    
Obsolete Identifiers: NCT00473759
Other Study ID Numbers: CR006076
First Posted: December 26, 2005    Key Record Dates
Last Update Posted: May 18, 2011
Last Verified: July 2009
Keywords provided by Johnson & Johnson Pharmaceutical Research & Development, L.L.C.:
epoetin alfa
Quality of Life
Additional relevant MeSH terms:
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Acquired Immunodeficiency Syndrome
HIV Infections
Immunologic Deficiency Syndromes
Pathologic Processes
Hematologic Diseases
Immune System Diseases
Lentivirus Infections
Retroviridae Infections
RNA Virus Infections
Virus Diseases
Sexually Transmitted Diseases, Viral
Sexually Transmitted Diseases
Slow Virus Diseases
Epoetin Alfa
Molecular Mechanisms of Pharmacological Action
Reverse Transcriptase Inhibitors
Nucleic Acid Synthesis Inhibitors
Enzyme Inhibitors
Anti-Retroviral Agents
Antiviral Agents
Anti-Infective Agents
Anti-HIV Agents