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Epigenetics in the Aging Process

The safety and scientific validity of this study is the responsibility of the study sponsor and investigators. Listing a study does not mean it has been evaluated by the U.S. Federal Government. Read our disclaimer for details. Identifier: NCT00242255
Recruitment Status : Completed
First Posted : October 19, 2005
Last Update Posted : January 13, 2021
Information provided by (Responsible Party):
National Institutes of Health Clinical Center (CC) ( Eunice Kennedy Shriver National Institute of Child Health and Human Development (NICHD) )

Brief Summary:

This study will examine the role of epigenetics (heritable changes in gene function that occur without a change in DNA sequence) in the aging process. DNA is the primary genetic material, responsible for transmitting information from one cell to the next or from one generation to the next. A second layer of heredity is described by the term "epigenetics."

Epigenetic information is reset from one generation to the next. It works in two ways: 1) by modification of the DNA, like balloons stuck at irregular intervals onto the sides of the DNA helix that encodes genes, and 2) through specialized protein shells that wrap around some regions of DNA. As in DNA, these shells can copy themselves and can transmit instructions. Because they are used to turn genes on and off, errors in their settings cause critical misinformation to be transmitted.

Aging involves many changes, such as muscle weakening, graying hair, skin wrinkling, and so forth. There are several current theories of aging, including damage to genes by oxidation, shortening of tiny structures at the ends of chromosomes called telomeres, and the ability to stretch lifespan with caloric restrictions. This study will investigate the possible role of epigenetics in aging by examining and comparing the shell-like epigenetic settings in skin cells in young adults and older individuals. Preliminary results from earlier studies show differences in these settings in younger and older people.

Women between the ages of 21 and 30 years and 65 and 90 years who are undergoing breast reduction or mastectomy at Suburban Hospital in Bethesda, Maryland, may participate in this study. Tissue removed during surgery for pathological examination will also be used by researchers in this study to validate the preliminary findings noted above and to continue studies into the new area of epigenetics and aging.


Condition or disease

Detailed Description:
Normal human lifespan is marked by a complex series of developmental events, relative stability during adulthood, and ultimately a gradual decline in viability. Biological clocks presumably underlie the developmental events that occur through childhood and adolescence, but the nature of those clocks has remained obscure. Progress in this area would be of considerable importance, not only for our understanding of child development, but also because instability in putative clock-like mechanisms may occur as part of the aging process. Such instability could well compromise tissue function and contribute to many of the common degenerative diseases of later life. We propose to investigate whether developmental clocks and related aspects of the aging process are attributable in part to age-related epigenome remodeling. Experiments done to date with cultured human fibroblasts derived from tissue banks provide tentative support for this hypothesis. To exclude tissue culture-related artifacts and to continue the work, it is essential to have access to fresh tissue material in the form of surgically obtained skin specimens that would otherwise be discarded. Elective breast reduction mammoplasty is a frequently performed surgery at Suburban Hospital, Bethesda, Maryland. Small skin specimens will be obtained from this procedure, as well as from normal skin derived from mastectomies. Patients who are to undergo these procedures will be asked to sign a consent form allowing the specimens, normally discarded, to be used instead for research on the mechanism of aging. They will be informed that clinical information will accompany the specimens, including age and known disease conditions. Twenty patients in each of two age ranges, 21-30 yr and 65-90 yr, will be enrolled in the study. The primary outcome will be confirmation of age-related epigenome change in the chromosome 4q35.2 region, previously documented using tissue bank-derived cultured skin fibroblasts. Mapping and sampling chromatin from this region revealed higher histone H4 acetylation in young (24-30 yr) than old (80-85 yr) individuals. Confirmation of this change in primary fibroblasts will be followed by more detailed mapping of chromatin structure and extension beyond the currently defined limits. Secondary outcomes will include examination of two areas of epigenome remodeling that appear to occur between birth and adulthood, as well as searches for additional regions of age-related chromatin change.

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Study Type : Observational
Actual Enrollment : 90 participants
Observational Model: Case-Only
Time Perspective: Cross-Sectional
Official Title: Remodeling of Chromatin-Based Epigenetic Structures in Development and Aging
Study Start Date : October 14, 2005

Primary Outcome Measures :
  1. Improved understanding of dynamic epigenome change and its roles in development and aging [ Time Frame: Cross-sectional study design with measures corresponding to collection time point ]
    Publication of scholarly articles describing previously unknown modes of postnatal human epigenome change and their consequences for gene expression.

Information from the National Library of Medicine

Choosing to participate in a study is an important personal decision. Talk with your doctor and family members or friends about deciding to join a study. To learn more about this study, you or your doctor may contact the study research staff using the contacts provided below. For general information, Learn About Clinical Studies.

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Ages Eligible for Study:   14 Years to 90 Years   (Child, Adult, Older Adult)
Sexes Eligible for Study:   All
Accepts Healthy Volunteers:   Yes
Sampling Method:   Non-Probability Sample
Study Population
Neonatal cord blood samples collected in association with normal deliveries at a NICHD obstetrics service in Wayne State University (PI Dr. Roberto Romero). Adult samples collected from volunteers at the NIH Blood Bank.

Age 21-30 or 65-90, female or male

Normal liver function, renal function adjusted for age

Written informed consent


Down's or other premature aging syndromes

Mastectomies: skin involvement in the malignant process or damage due to prior radiation therapy

Active skin infection

Skin damage due to photoaging will be noted but will not be a basis for exclusion

Information from the National Library of Medicine

To learn more about this study, you or your doctor may contact the study research staff using the contact information provided by the sponsor.

Please refer to this study by its identifier (NCT number): NCT00242255

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United States, District of Columbia
GW University Medical Center
Washington, District of Columbia, United States, 20037
United States, Maryland
Suburban Hospital
Bethesda, Maryland, United States, 20814
National Institutes of Health Clinical Center, 9000 Rockville Pike
Bethesda, Maryland, United States, 20892
United States, Virginia
Virginia Commonwealth University
Richmond, Virginia, United States, 23284
Sponsors and Collaborators
Eunice Kennedy Shriver National Institute of Child Health and Human Development (NICHD)
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Principal Investigator: Bruce H Howard, M.D. Eunice Kennedy Shriver National Institute of Child Health and Human Development (NICHD)
Additional Information:
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Responsible Party: Eunice Kennedy Shriver National Institute of Child Health and Human Development (NICHD) Identifier: NCT00242255    
Other Study ID Numbers: 060010
First Posted: October 19, 2005    Key Record Dates
Last Update Posted: January 13, 2021
Last Verified: April 13, 2020
Keywords provided by National Institutes of Health Clinical Center (CC) ( Eunice Kennedy Shriver National Institute of Child Health and Human Development (NICHD) ):
Tissue Sample