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Topiramate to Reduce Cocaine Dependence

The safety and scientific validity of this study is the responsibility of the study sponsor and investigators. Listing a study does not mean it has been evaluated by the U.S. Federal Government. Read our disclaimer for details. Identifier: NCT00223626
Recruitment Status : Completed
First Posted : September 22, 2005
Last Update Posted : April 19, 2012
National Institute on Drug Abuse (NIDA)
Information provided by (Responsible Party):
Bankole Johnson, University of Virginia

Brief Summary:
Cocaine addiction is a serious health problem with no available medical treatment for preventing relapse. Topiramate, a medication which lowers dopamine levels, may have the ability to diminish cocaine cravings in addicts. The purpose of this study is to determine the effectiveness of topiramate in reducing cocaine's rewarding effects in individuals addicted to cocaine.

Condition or disease Intervention/treatment Phase
Cocaine-Related Disorders Drug: Topiramate Phase 2

Detailed Description:

GABA is an inhibitory neurotransmitter that is found primarily in the brain. High GABA levels result in low levels of dopamine, another neurotransmitter that is the brain's "feel good" chemical and which plays a primary role in cocaine drug addiction. Cravings for cocaine can be reduced by lowering dopamine levels. This makes topiramate, a GABA-altering medication, a potential treatment for cocaine addiction. This study will evaluate the subjective, behavioral, and physiological effects of topiramate in individuals addicted to cocaine.

Potential participants will initially attend a 4- to 6-hour screening session. This will include review of medical and drug histories, standardized psychological questionnaires, a physical exam, and blood collection. Eligible participants will then be admitted to the inpatient clinic. During the first day of experiment, participants will receive instructions and information about the study procedures. They will also undergo a physical exam, an electrocardiogram, standardized psychological questionnaires, and blood and urine collection. A single test dose of cocaine will be administered intravenously to all participants to ensure safety with continuation in the study. Vital signs will be monitored hourly throughout the day.

The experiment will last 25 days and will enroll 24 individuals addicted to cocaine. In this three-part experiment, participants will be admitted to the inpatient clinic for an 8-day study session. Following this session, they will be discharged from the clinic for a 1-week washout phase. Participants will then return to the inpatient clinic for another 8-day study session. The two study sessions will be identical. During both sessions, participants will first receive topiramate or placebo for 4 consecutive days. While continuing to receive topiramate or placebo, participants will then also receive intravenous cocaine or placebo for 3 consecutive days.Participants will be monitored by the study physician. Electrocardiograms will be used to monitor heart activity, and blood will be drawn frequently to monitor levels of cocaine and topiramate. Participants will complete standardized questionnaires several times each day to assess mood changes and cognitive function.

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Study Type : Interventional  (Clinical Trial)
Actual Enrollment : 25 participants
Allocation: Randomized
Intervention Model: Crossover Assignment
Masking: Quadruple (Participant, Care Provider, Investigator, Outcomes Assessor)
Primary Purpose: Basic Science
Official Title: Lab Trials to Develop Medication for Cocaine Dependence
Study Start Date : January 2007
Actual Primary Completion Date : March 2010
Actual Study Completion Date : December 2010

Resource links provided by the National Library of Medicine

Arm Intervention/treatment
Experimental: Topiramate Drug: Topiramate
the maximum topiramate test dose is 200 mg/d.
Other Name: Topamax

Placebo Comparator: Placebo Drug: Topiramate
the maximum topiramate test dose is 200 mg/d.
Other Name: Topamax

Primary Outcome Measures :
  1. Cocaine-induced mood changes [ Time Frame: measured throughout cocaine and topiramate testing sessions ]
  2. Effects of topiramate on cognitive function [ Time Frame: measured throughout cocaine and topiramate testing sessions ]
  3. Drug safety [ Time Frame: measured throughout cocaine and topiramate testing sessions ]
  4. Cardiovascular response to cocaine (measured throughout cocaine and topiramate testing sessions) [ Time Frame: measured throughout cocaine and topiramate testing sessions ]

Secondary Outcome Measures :
  1. Physiological response (measured throughout cocaine and topiramate testing sessions) [ Time Frame: measured throughout cocaine and topiramate testing sessions ]

Information from the National Library of Medicine

Choosing to participate in a study is an important personal decision. Talk with your doctor and family members or friends about deciding to join a study. To learn more about this study, you or your doctor may contact the study research staff using the contacts provided below. For general information, Learn About Clinical Studies.

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Ages Eligible for Study:   18 Years to 45 Years   (Adult)
Sexes Eligible for Study:   All
Accepts Healthy Volunteers:   No

Inclusion Criteria:

  • Meets DSM-IV-TRTM diagnostic criteria for cocaine dependence
  • Subjects must be non-treatment seeking, cocaine-dependent or cocaine-abusing individuals who report taking cocaine at least once a month
  • In generally good health as confirmed by medical history, physical examination, electrocardiogram, laboratory screening tests, and vital signs
  • Must be able to take oral medication, adhere to the medication regimens, and be willing to return to the clinic for regular study visits
  • Must be able to read and understand all instructions, rating scales, and questionnaires in English
  • Must be willing to stay overnight at the University Clinical Psychopharmacology Laboratory (UCPL)
  • Must comply with the alcohol, tobacco, and drug-free environment regulations at the UCPL
  • If female, must be postmenopausal for at least 1 year, surgically sterile, or willing to use contraception throughout the study

Exclusion Criteria:

  • History of mental illness, other than cocaine or nicotine dependence
  • History of mental retardation or neuropsychological functioning greater than 1.5 standard deviation below expected rang.
  • Clinically significant abnormalities found on the electrocardiogram
  • History of hypertension (blood pressure greater than 140/90 mm Hg) or systolic hypotension (blood pressure less than 90/75 mm Hg)
  • Resting pulse rate of greater than 90 beats per minute
  • Cerebrovascular accident or transient ischemic attack
  • Ischemic heart disease or heart attack
  • Symptomatic coronary artery disease or peripheral vascular disease
  • Cancer or history of cancer within the 5 years of study entry (other than basal cell carcinoma)
  • Kidney disease and/or impaired kidney function, as defined by an estimated creatinine clearance of 60 mL per minute
  • Gastrointestinal system disease, including active liver disease or current active hepatitis; subjects with AST and/or ALT levels greater than four times the upper limit of the normal range and/or an increased total serum bilirubin level greater than two times the upper limit of normal at screening
  • Endocrinological disorders, including thyroid disorders
  • Glaucoma
  • Gross neurological disorders, including seizure disorders and progressive or degenerative neurological disorders (e.g., multiple sclerosis)
  • History of nephrolithiasis
  • Clinically significant laboratory screening test results on hematology, chemistry, or urine analysis; up to four times above the normal range of the following will be allowed unless there is evidence of hepatocellular disease or failure: liver enzymes (SGOT), serum glutamic pyruvic transaminase (SGPT), gamma-glutamyltransferase (GGT), blood urea nitrogen (BUN), lactate dehydrogenase (LDH)
  • Any disease or condition that compromises the function of body systems that may result in altered absorption, excess accumulation, or impaired metabolism or excretion of topiramate
  • Current use of psychoactive drugs, including sympathomimetics, caffeinated drinks in excess of 500 mg per day, and tobacco consumption of greater than 0.75 grams per day (approximately 25 cigarettes per day); non-pathological levels of alcohol consumption is permitted
  • Suicide attempt or suicidal thoughts within 30 days of study entry
  • Evidence of behavioral toxicity, including seizures, severe agitation, or psychosis
  • Be taking a medication that could interact adversely with topiramate, unless the medication is discontinued.
  • History of any severe or life-threatening medication interactions
  • Currently taking any prescribed medications for heart or cerebrovascular disease
  • Currently taking any medication with potential interactions with cocaine or topiramate, including glutamate antagonists (e.g., acamprosate), serotonin re-uptake inhibitors (e.g., fluoxetine), serotonin antagonists (e.g., ritanserin or buspirone), other antidepressants (e.g., tricyclic antidepressants or monoamine oxidase inhibitors), dopamine antagonists (e.g., haloperidol), calcium channel antagonists (e.g., isradipine), compounds with actions similar to disulfiram (Antabuse), or any carbonic anhydrase medication or medication containing triamterene
  • Previously treated with topiramate for any reason and discontinued treatment due to an adverse event or a hypersensitivity reaction to topiramate
  • Participation deemed unsafe because of precautions, warnings, or contraindications outlined in the topiramate investigator brochure and/or package insert, as determined by study investigator
  • Expected to stay in a restricted environment or awaiting imprisonment
  • Currently living in the same household as another study participant
  • Received an investigational drug or device or participated in a clinical trial in the 30 days prior to study entry
  • Employee of the investigator or study center
  • Pregnant or breastfeeding

Information from the National Library of Medicine

To learn more about this study, you or your doctor may contact the study research staff using the contact information provided by the sponsor.

Please refer to this study by its identifier (NCT number): NCT00223626

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United States, Virginia
University of Virginia CARE Center for Addiction Research & Education
Charlottesville, Virginia, United States, 22911
UVA CARE Richmond
Richmond, Virginia, United States, 23294
Sponsors and Collaborators
Bankole Johnson
National Institute on Drug Abuse (NIDA)
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Principal Investigator: Bankole A. Johnson, DSc,MD.PhD University of Virginia
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Responsible Party: Bankole Johnson, Chair of Psychiatry and Neurobehavioral Sciences, University of Virginia Identifier: NCT00223626    
Other Study ID Numbers: 12350
R01DA012191 ( U.S. NIH Grant/Contract )
DPMCDA ( Other Identifier: NIDA )
First Posted: September 22, 2005    Key Record Dates
Last Update Posted: April 19, 2012
Last Verified: April 2012
Keywords provided by Bankole Johnson, University of Virginia:
Cocaine Addiction
Cocaine Dependence
Additional relevant MeSH terms:
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Cocaine-Related Disorders
Substance-Related Disorders
Chemically-Induced Disorders
Mental Disorders
Hypoglycemic Agents
Physiological Effects of Drugs