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Intensity Modulated Radiation Therapy for Prostate Cancer

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ClinicalTrials.gov Identifier: NCT00214422
Recruitment Status : Completed
First Posted : September 21, 2005
Results First Posted : March 1, 2019
Last Update Posted : July 19, 2019
Sponsor:
Information provided by (Responsible Party):
Kevin Camphausen, M.D., National Cancer Institute (NCI)

Brief Summary:

BACKGROUND:

-This study represents a progression from findings in four previous National Cancer Institute (NCI) Radiation Oncology Branch (ROB) protocols (02-C-0167A, 02-C-0207E, 03-C-0190B, 04-C-0171). In these previous works we have begun to develop techniques to obtain Magnetic Resonance (MR) biological images and co-register tissue in prostate cancer patients.

OBJECTIVES:

-The primary objective of the first portion of this study is to assess the feasibility of using Intensity-modulated radiation therapy (IMRT) to treat the at-risk lymph nodes in prostate cancer. Also, if feasible, we hope optimize this technique with experience.

ELIGIBILITY:

-This is a study of image guided, targeted radiation therapy in patients with high risk of nodal metastases from prostate cancer. Patients with prostate cancer who have more than 15% risk of lymph node (as defined by the Partin tables) metastasis will be eligible for this study.

DESIGN:

  • On the first 10 patients, we will perform approximately 5 computed tomography (CT) simulations throughout the course of their therapy. On each simulation, the initial treatment plan will be re-run. The dose-volume data from target and normal tissues will then be re-analyzed. From this analysis we will be better able to determine the size of margins needed to account for organ motion and changes such as varying amounts of gas in the bowel and fluid in the bladder. To the best of our knowledge, no such analyses have been published.
  • If the initial part of this trial is feasible, we will proceed to a phase I dose escalation trial of radiation to the at-risk lymph nodes. The primary statistical objective of the phase I portion of this study is to estimate the Maximum Tolerated Dose (MTD) of external beam radiation based on evaluating acute toxicity. The study will be conducted with a dose-escalation design with 3 patients in each dose cohort. If fewer than 2 of 3 patients experience an acute dose limiting toxicity (DLT) than patients will be accrued to the next dose cohort. If 2 or more of 3 patients experience a DLT then the MTD will be exceeded and the prior, lower dose cohort will be considered the MTD. Secondary objectives of this study are to relate patterns in gene and protein expression to response and toxicity and to evaluate the frequency of late term toxicity.
  • Specific procedures and risks will be described in a separate consent to be obtained at the time of biopsy. Tissue samples will be processed for complementary deoxyribonucleic acid (cDNA) microarray testing and stored for future analysis in the Radiation Oncology Branch, NCI.
  • Anatomic Magnetic Resonance Imaging (MRI) and magnetic resonance (MR) biological images of the prostate and pelvis will be obtained and tissue will be acquired with biopsy locations precisely translated (co-registered) to an MR image of reference. A fiducial marker (gold seed) will be left at the biopsy site as a fiducial marker to direct future radiation therapy to the prostate. If necessary, additional fiducial markers will be placed for prostate localization during treatment.

Condition or disease Intervention/treatment Phase
Prostate Cancer Radiation: Radiation Early Phase 1

Detailed Description:

BACKGROUND:

-This study represents a progression from findings in four previous National Cancer Institute (NCI) Radiation Oncology Branch (ROB) protocols (02-C-0167A, 02-C-0207E, 03-C-0190B, 04-C-0171). In these previous works we have begun to develop techniques to obtain Magnetic Resonance (MR) biological images and co-register tissue in prostate cancer patients.

OBJECTIVES:

-The primary objective of the first portion of this study is to assess the feasibility of using Intensity-modulated radiation therapy (IMRT) to treat the at-risk lymph nodes in prostate cancer. Also, if feasible, we hope optimize this technique with experience.

ELIGIBILITY:

  • This is a study of image guided, targeted radiation therapy in patients with high risk of nodal metastases from prostate cancer.
  • Patients with prostate cancer who have more than 15% risk of lymph node (as defined by the Partin tables) metastasis will be eligible for this study.

DESIGN:

  • On the first 10 patients, we will perform approximately 5 computed tomography (CT) simulations throughout the course of their therapy. On each simulation, the initial treatment plan will be re-run. The dose-volume data from target and normal tissues will then be re-analyzed. From this analysis we will be better able to determine the size of margins needed to account for organ motion and changes such as varying amounts of gas in the bowel and fluid in the bladder. To the best of our knowledge, no such analyses have been published.
  • If the initial part of this trial is feasible, we will proceed to a phase I dose escalation trial of radiation to the at-risk lymph nodes. The primary statistical objective of the phase I portion of this study is to estimate the Maximum Tolerated Dose (MTD) of external beam radiation based on evaluating acute toxicity. The study will be conducted with a dose-escalation design with 3 patients in each dose cohort. If fewer than 2 of 3 patients experience an acute dose limiting toxicity (DLT) than patients will be accrued to the next dose cohort. If 2 or more of 3 patients experience a DLT then the MTD will be exceeded and the prior, lower dose cohort will be considered the MTD. Secondary objectives of this study are to relate patterns in gene and protein expression to response and toxicity and to evaluate the frequency of late term toxicity.
  • Specific procedures and risks will be described in a separate consent to be obtained at the time of biopsy. Tissue samples will be processed for complementary deoxyribonucleic acid (cDNA) microarray testing and stored for future analysis in the Radiation Oncology Branch, NCI.
  • Anatomic Magnetic Resonance Imaging (MRI) and magnetic resonance (MR) biological images of the prostate and pelvis will be obtained and tissue will be acquired with biopsy locations precisely translated (co-registered) to an MR image of reference. A fiducial marker (gold seed) will be left at the biopsy site as a fiducial marker to direct future radiation therapy to the prostate. If necessary, additional fiducial markers will be placed for prostate localization during treatment.

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Study Type : Interventional  (Clinical Trial)
Actual Enrollment : 19 participants
Allocation: Non-Randomized
Intervention Model: Single Group Assignment
Masking: None (Open Label)
Primary Purpose: Treatment
Official Title: A Pilot Study of Image Guided Prostate and Pelvic Nodal Irradiation With Intensity Modulated Radiation Therapy (IMRT) in Prostate Cancer
Actual Study Start Date : September 19, 2005
Actual Primary Completion Date : May 27, 2014
Actual Study Completion Date : April 18, 2018

Resource links provided by the National Library of Medicine

MedlinePlus related topics: Prostate Cancer

Arm Intervention/treatment
Experimental: Arm 1- 5040cGy to the lymph nodes
5040Gray (cGy) to the lymph nodes
Radiation: Radiation
Radiation will be given in dose escalations from 5040 Gray (cGy) to a maximum of 5900 cGy to lymph nodes.

Experimental: Arm 2 - 5400cGy to the lymph nodes
5400Gray (cGy) to the lymph nodes
Radiation: Radiation
Radiation will be given in dose escalations from 5040 Gray (cGy) to a maximum of 5900 cGy to lymph nodes.

Experimental: Arm 3 - 5900cGy to the lymph nodes
5900Gray (cGy) to the lymph nodes
Radiation: Radiation
Radiation will be given in dose escalations from 5040 Gray (cGy) to a maximum of 5900 cGy to lymph nodes.




Primary Outcome Measures :
  1. Number of Participants With Any Grade 2 Toxicity Using Intensity Modulated Radiation Therapy (IMRT) to Treat the At-risk Lymph Nodes in Prostate Cancer ( up to First 10 Patients) [ Time Frame: At one week, one month, 2 months, 3 months, 6 months, 9 months, 1 year, 18 months, 2 years, 30 months, and 3 years after radiation therapy ]
    Radiation side effects were assessed by the Radiation Oncology Group (RTOG) Acute/Late Toxicity Grading Gastrointestinal and Genitourinary criteria. Acute Grade 0 - no symptoms, Grade 1 is mild, Grade 2 is moderate, Grade 3 is severe, Grade 4 is life threatening, and Grade 5 is death directly related to radiation side effects. Late toxicity is defined as occurring after 90 days.

  2. Maximum Tolerated Dose (MTD) of External Beam Radiation to Pelvic Lymph Nodes of Interest in Patients Receiving Radiation Therapy for Prostate Cancer (After the First 10 Patients) In Arm 1, Arm 2, and Arm 3 [ Time Frame: Completion of Treatment, an average of 8.5 weeks ]
    Maximum tolerated dose (MTD) is defined as the dose level immediately below the dose level at which 2 or more in a cohort of either 3 or 6 patients experiences a dose limiting toxicity (DLT) attributed to radiation therapy. An acute DLT will be defined as Radiation Therapy Oncology Group (RTOG) grade 3 or greater, acute gastrointestinal or genitourinary toxicity within 3 months after the completion of radiation.


Secondary Outcome Measures :
  1. Number of Participants With Grade 2 Late Gastrointestinal or Genitourinary Toxicity Assessed by the Radiation Oncology Group (RTOG) Criteria [ Time Frame: At median follow-up, approximately 28 months following radiation ]
    Long-term effects and toxicity following intensity modulated radiation therapy (IMRT) dose escalation to the pelvic nodes were measured by the Radiation Oncology Group (RTOG) Criteria. Lower GI/Pelvis grade 2 toxicity Diarrhea requiring parasympatholytic drugs (e.g. Lomotil)/mucous discharge not necessitating sanitary pads/rectal or abdominal pain requiring analgesics and Genitourinary grade 2 defined as Frequency of urination or nocturia that is less frequent than every hour. Dysuria, urgency, bladder spasm requiring local anesthetic (e.g. Pyridium).

  2. Number of Participants With a Dose Limiting Toxicity (DLT) [ Time Frame: Within 3 months after completion of radiation ]
    An acute Dose Limiting Toxicity (DLT) will be defined as Radiation Therapy Oncology Group (RTOG) grade 3 or greater, acute gastrointestinal or genitourinary toxicity within 3 months after the completion of radiation.

  3. Number of Participants With Serious and Non-serious Adverse Events Assessed by the Common Terminology Criteria in Adverse Events (CTCAE v4.0) [ Time Frame: Date treatment consent signed to date off study, approximately 8 years and 3.5 months. ]
    Here is the count of participants with serious and non-serious adverse events assessed by the Common Terminology Criteria in Adverse Events (CTCAE v4.0). A non-serious adverse event is any untoward medical occurrence. A serious adverse event is an adverse event or suspected adverse reaction that results in death, a life threatening adverse drug experience, hospitalization, disruption of the ability to conduct normal life functions, congenital anomaly/birth defect or important medical events that jeopardize the patient or subject and may require medical or surgical intervention to prevent one of the previous outcomes mentioned.

  4. Number of Participants With Grade 3 or 4 Acute and/or Late Gastrointestinal or Genitourinary Toxicity Assessed by the Radiation Oncology Group (RTOG) Criteria [ Time Frame: At median follow-up, approximately 28 months following radiation ]
    Long-term effects and toxicity following intensity modulated radiation therapy (IMRT) dose escalation to the pelvic nodes were measured by the Radiation Oncology Group (RTOG) Criteria. Grade 3 toxicity Lower GI/Pelvis is Diarrhea requiring parenteral support/severe mucous or blood discharge necessitating sanitary pads/abdominal distention (flat plate radiograph demonstrates distended bowel loops), Grade 3 toxicity Genitourinary Frequency with urgency and nocturia hourly or more frequently/dysuria, pelvis pain or bladder spasm requiring regular, frequent narcotic/gross hematuria with/without clot passage.



Information from the National Library of Medicine

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Ages Eligible for Study:   18 Years to 90 Years   (Adult, Older Adult)
Sexes Eligible for Study:   Male
Accepts Healthy Volunteers:   No
Criteria
  • INCLUSION CRITERIA:

Eastern Cooperative Oncology Group (ECOG) performance status of 0, 1, or 2

Pathology report confirming adenocarcinoma of the prostate

Risk of lymph node metastasis greater than or equal to15% as defined by the Partin tables or biopsy proven positive lymph nodes

Tumor visible on magnetic resonance imaging (MRI)

No prior surgery, radiation, or chemotherapy for prostate cancer, with the exception of hormone therapy which may be given neoadjuvantly for up to four (4) months.

Age greater than 18 years old and less than 90 years old.

EXCLUSION CRITERIA:

Cognitively impaired patients who cannot give informed consent.

Patients with metastatic disease beyond the pelvis

Contraindication to biopsy

  • Bleeding disorder
  • Prothrombin time (PT)/partial thromboplastin time (PTT) greater than or equal to 1.5 times the upper limit of normal
  • Platelets less than or equal to 50K
  • Artificial heart valve

Contraindication to MRI

  • Patients weighing greater than136 kgs (weight limit for the scanner tables)
  • Allergy to magnetic resonance (MR) contrast agent
  • Patients with pacemakers, cerebral aneurysm clips, shrapnel injury or implantable electronic devices.

Pre-existing and active prostatitis or proctitis

Other medical conditions deemed by the principal investigator (PI) or associates to make the patient ineligible for protocol investigations, procedures, and high-dose external beam radiotherapy.


Information from the National Library of Medicine

To learn more about this study, you or your doctor may contact the study research staff using the contact information provided by the sponsor.

Please refer to this study by its ClinicalTrials.gov identifier (NCT number): NCT00214422


Locations
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United States, Maryland
National Institutes of Health Clinical Center, 9000 Rockville Pike
Bethesda, Maryland, United States, 20892
Sponsors and Collaborators
National Cancer Institute (NCI)
Investigators
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Principal Investigator: Kevin A Camphausen, M.D. National Cancer Institute (NCI)
  Study Documents (Full-Text)

Documents provided by Kevin Camphausen, M.D., National Cancer Institute (NCI):
Informed Consent Form  [PDF] July 22, 2011


Publications:
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Responsible Party: Kevin Camphausen, M.D., Principal Investigator, National Cancer Institute (NCI)
ClinicalTrials.gov Identifier: NCT00214422     History of Changes
Obsolete Identifiers: NCT00278356
Other Study ID Numbers: 050241
05-C-0241
First Posted: September 21, 2005    Key Record Dates
Results First Posted: March 1, 2019
Last Update Posted: July 19, 2019
Last Verified: July 2019
Individual Participant Data (IPD) Sharing Statement:
Plan to Share IPD: No

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Studies a U.S. FDA-regulated Drug Product: No
Studies a U.S. FDA-regulated Device Product: No

Keywords provided by Kevin Camphausen, M.D., National Cancer Institute (NCI):
Prostate
Radiation
Cancer
Prostate Cancer

Additional relevant MeSH terms:
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Prostatic Neoplasms
Genital Neoplasms, Male
Urogenital Neoplasms
Neoplasms by Site
Neoplasms
Genital Diseases, Male
Prostatic Diseases