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Exemestane With Celecoxib as Neoadjuvant Treatment in Postmenopausal Women With Stage II, III, and IV Breast Cancer

The safety and scientific validity of this study is the responsibility of the study sponsor and investigators. Listing a study does not mean it has been evaluated by the U.S. Federal Government. Read our disclaimer for details. Identifier: NCT00201773
Recruitment Status : Completed
First Posted : September 20, 2005
Results First Posted : June 30, 2015
Last Update Posted : June 30, 2015
Information provided by (Responsible Party):
Stephen Povoski, Ohio State University Comprehensive Cancer Center

Brief Summary:
To test whether the addition of the COX-2 inhibitor, celecoxib, will decrease the gene expression of CYP19 in breast cancers collected from postmenopausal women that receive neoadjuvant exemestane.

Condition or disease Intervention/treatment Phase
Breast Cancer Drug: Exemestane Drug: Celecoxib Other: Correlative studies Phase 2

Detailed Description:

Rationale: In postmenopausal women, the main source of estrogen is through the conversion of androgens, or sex hormones produced by the adrenal glands. An enzyme called aromatase carries out this process. Exemestane, an aromatase inhibitor, blocks production of estrogens. Research indicates that the gene responsible for aromatase activity is CYPO19. Therefore, exemestane helps to inhibit aromatase activity through CYP019. Along with CYP019, another gene associated with breast cancer is an overexpression of COX-2 enzymes. Research suggests that COX-2 overexpression can cause cancer cell division, increased blood flow to tumors, and metastases. Celecoxib blocks COX-2 activity and produces fewer side effects compared with other non-steroidal inflammatory drugs (NSAIDs). This study builds on previous research to test the combination of exemestane and celecoxib for breast cancer.

Purpose: This study is evaluating the safety and efficacy of exemestane and celecoxib before surgery for stage II, III, and IV breast cancer in postmenopausal women. Tests will analyze the CYP019 gene after these treatments.

Treatment: Patients in this study will receive exemestane and celecoxib. Both drugs will be given to patients as oral pills. Exemestane will be taken daily for sixteen weeks. Starting in week 9, celecoxib will be taken twice daily for eight weeks. Therefore, during weeks 9-16, patients will be taking both exemestane and celecoxib. Several tests and exams will be given throughout the study to closely monitor patients, including a biopsy performed after the first 8 weeks on exemestane. After sixteen weeks on exemestane and celecoxib, patients will have breast surgery.

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Study Type : Interventional  (Clinical Trial)
Actual Enrollment : 22 participants
Allocation: Non-Randomized
Intervention Model: Single Group Assignment
Masking: None (Open Label)
Primary Purpose: Treatment
Official Title: A Phase II Trial of Exemestane (Aromasin) in Combination With Celecoxib (Celebrex) as Neoadjuvant Treatment in Postmenopausal Women With Stage II, III, and IV Breast Cancer
Study Start Date : July 2003
Actual Primary Completion Date : November 2007
Actual Study Completion Date : June 2011

Resource links provided by the National Library of Medicine

MedlinePlus related topics: Breast Cancer

Arm Intervention/treatment
Experimental: Exemestane & Celecoxib
Patients will receive exemestane 25 mg orally per day for 8 weeks. Starting in the 9th week, patients will receive celecoxib 400 mg orally twice per day for 8 weeks in addition to exemestane.
Drug: Exemestane
25 mg orally once per day for 16 weeks.
Other Name: Aromasin

Drug: Celecoxib
given orally at two 200 mg capsules (400 mg) twice per day. Patients assigned to receive 400 mg twice per day should be instructed to take the drug with food.
Other Name: Celebrex

Other: Correlative studies
Other Names:
  • biopsy
  • tissue specimens
  • tissue samples

Primary Outcome Measures :
  1. Number of Patients With Decreased Gene Expression of CYP19 in Breast Cancer by Adding COX-2 Inhibitor to Exemestane [ Time Frame: up to 16 weeks ]
    Collected from postmenopausal women that receive neoadjuvant exemestane.

Secondary Outcome Measures :
  1. Evaluate Response Rate of Neoadjuvant Exemestane and Celecoxib in Postmenopausal Women. [ Time Frame: up to 16 weeks ]
    Response Evaluation Criteria In Solid Tumors Criteria (RECIST v1.0) for target lesions and assessed by MRI: Complete Response, Disappearance of all target lesions; Partial Response, >=30% decrease in the sum of the longest diameter of target lesions; Stable Disease, <30% decrease in the sum of the longest diameter of target lesions; Progressive Disease, 20% increase in the sum of the longest diameter of target lesions, or a measurable increase in a non-target lesion, or the appearance of new lesions.

Information from the National Library of Medicine

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Ages Eligible for Study:   18 Years and older   (Adult, Older Adult)
Sexes Eligible for Study:   Female
Accepts Healthy Volunteers:   No

Inclusion Criteria:

  • Must be female with histologically confirmed breast cancer
  • Stage II-IV disease
  • ER and/or PR positive
  • ECOG Performance Status 0-1
  • Tumor must be present following core needle biopsy as determined by physical exam or radiographic evaluation.
  • Postmenopausal
  • No prior treatment for current breast cancer. No other active malignancy is allowed.Adequately treated basal cell, squamous cell skin cancer, in situ cervical cancer, or any other cancer from which the patient has been disease-free for 5 years is permitted. Biphosphonates and palliative radiation for bone metastasis is permitted while on study.
  • Hormone replacement therapy must be discontinued. It is not permitted during the time on study.

Exclusion Criteria:

  • Known history of aspirin or NSAID induced asthma, urticaria or allergic reactions; or allergy to sulfonamides severe enough in nature to require emergency room treatment or hospitalization.
  • History of myocardial infarction or other thrombotic events.
  • Inflammatory breast cancer (edema or ulceration of the skin of the breast).
  • Significant renal dysfunction (serum creatinine > 1.5 x upper limit of normal).
  • Significant hepatic dysfunction (serum bilirubin > 1.5 x upper limit of normal or AST, ALT > 3 x upper limit of normal)
  • ANC <1.5, platelets <100,000 K/uL, and hemoglobin < 9 g/dL.
  • Use of other COX-2 inhibitors such as rofecoxib (Vioxx®, aspirin, trisalicylate (Trilisate®), is not permitted during the time on study. No washout period is required. Baby aspirin, 81 mg po daily, is permitted.
  • Use of NSAID's such as ibuprofen (Advil® or Motrin®), naproxyn (Aleve® Naprosyn®, or Anaprox®), etodolac (Lodine®), oxaprozin (Daypro®), difusanil (Dolobid®), nabumetone (Relafin®), or tolmetin (Tolectin®) is not permitted during the time on study.

Information from the National Library of Medicine

To learn more about this study, you or your doctor may contact the study research staff using the contact information provided by the sponsor.

Please refer to this study by its identifier (NCT number): NCT00201773

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United States, Ohio
Ohio State University
Columbus, Ohio, United States, 43210
Sponsors and Collaborators
Ohio State University Comprehensive Cancer Center
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Principal Investigator: Stephen Povoski Ohio State University
Additional Information:
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Responsible Party: Stephen Povoski, Principal Investigator, Ohio State University Comprehensive Cancer Center Identifier: NCT00201773    
Other Study ID Numbers: OSU-0245
First Posted: September 20, 2005    Key Record Dates
Results First Posted: June 30, 2015
Last Update Posted: June 30, 2015
Last Verified: June 2015
Keywords provided by Stephen Povoski, Ohio State University Comprehensive Cancer Center:
Neoadjuvant Therapy
Additional relevant MeSH terms:
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Breast Neoplasms
Neoplasms by Site
Breast Diseases
Skin Diseases
Anti-Inflammatory Agents, Non-Steroidal
Analgesics, Non-Narcotic
Sensory System Agents
Peripheral Nervous System Agents
Physiological Effects of Drugs
Anti-Inflammatory Agents
Antirheumatic Agents
Cyclooxygenase 2 Inhibitors
Cyclooxygenase Inhibitors
Enzyme Inhibitors
Molecular Mechanisms of Pharmacological Action
Antineoplastic Agents
Aromatase Inhibitors
Steroid Synthesis Inhibitors
Estrogen Antagonists
Hormone Antagonists
Hormones, Hormone Substitutes, and Hormone Antagonists