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Evaluation of the Safety and Immune Responses of the Towne Strain of CMV in Seronegative Women

The safety and scientific validity of this study is the responsibility of the study sponsor and investigators. Listing a study does not mean it has been evaluated by the U.S. Federal Government. Read our disclaimer for details. Identifier: NCT00201448
Recruitment Status : Terminated (Suspended due to lack of funding)
First Posted : September 20, 2005
Results First Posted : May 30, 2016
Last Update Posted : May 30, 2016
CMV Research Foundation Inc
Information provided by (Responsible Party):
Virginia Commonwealth University

Brief Summary:
The purpose of this study is to evaluate the safety and effectiveness of a vaccine given to women ages 18-45 to prevent cytomegalovirus (CMV), which they may catch from their children who attend daycare centers. Cytomegalovirus does not usually cause serious illness in adults and children. However, CMV can be a cause of deafness and mental retardation in a child born from a mother who has the infection during pregnancy. Women in the study will be given either cytomegalovirus or Hepatitis A vaccine. A blood sample will be taken before the vaccination is given. After vaccination, urine, saliva, and blood will be collected every 1-6 months for up to 3 years. Information regarding any reaction to the vaccination will be collected. All family members will be asked to provide urine and saliva to test for CMV every few months for up to 3 years. All children born to women who have been vaccinated will be tested for CMV infection. 180 women who are not infected with CMV will be vaccinated.

Condition or disease Intervention/treatment Phase
Cytomegalovirus Infections Biological: Hepatitis A Vaccine Biological: Towne CMV Vaccine Phase 2 Phase 3

Detailed Description:
This is a randomized, double-blind, placebo controlled, phase II-III trial conducted to assess safety and efficacy of the live attenuated Towne CMV vaccine in seronegative women who have children in daycare. Only one dosage and one route of administration will be used. The primary objective of the study is to evaluate safety and efficacy of the Towne vaccine in preventing CMV infection in seronegative women with children in daycare. The secondary objective is to define the antibody response to CMV, specifically neutralizing, avidity, isotype response, antigen specificity, and cellular responses which are markers for protection against infection or viremia. The primary study endpoint is the percentage of people who develop evidence of a primary CMV infection. Each participant, after providing consent, will be screened for evidence of previous CMV infection (CMV antibody). Seronegative participants will be randomized 1:1 to receive a single immunization with either the CMV vaccine (SC) or one dose of Havrix (hepatitis A vaccine, IM), which will act as the control. A second Havrix dose will be offered at the termination of the study. All subjects will be offered a dose of Havrix if exposed to hepatitis A. Although only seronegative women will be enrolled, women will not be told their serologic status. An explanation will be given for this action. Participants receiving the CMV vaccine will receive 6000 PFU and participants receiving the hepatitis A vaccine will receive the standard licensed dose of 1440 EL.U. for adults at enrollment and will be offered another dose of 1440 EL.U. at the end of study participation. Participants and study personnel will be unaware of the route of administration and will be blinded as to whether the participants receive vaccine or placebo. A total of 180 women between the ages of 18 and 45 will be enrolled. Subjects who discontinue prematurely will not be replaced. The duration of each individual's participation after enrollment will be 36 months or less. In order to determine a subject's household exposure to CMV, all family members are asked to provide urine and saliva for CMV culture every 3 months for up to 3 years. Seronegative fathers or sexual partners provide sera every 3 to 6 months to determine the infection rate among male spouses or partners since they may be a source of maternal infection. Safety data will include local and systemic reactogenicity after the dose of vaccine collected in a systematic format. For 30 minutes after vaccine administration subjects will under continuous observation by the study nurse with local and systemic assessment. Subjects will be monitored for vaccine associated illness as follows: (1) subjects will maintain a temperature chart for two weeks following vaccination. (2) subjects will be contacted by the research nurse every three days for two weeks following vaccination. If any local pain, swelling, or delayed hypersensitivity reaction develops, these symptoms will be inspected by the research nurse who will then measure the degree and duration of swelling. In addition, the nurse will determine the degree of severity of local reaction on a scale of 1 - 4, 1 being very mild and 4 being very severe. (3) At the time of each follow-up visit, a written interval history will be obtained from the participant regarding acute illnesses, hospitalization, drug or medications, or any changes in medical history or problems. Urine, saliva, will be collected every 2 months for 12 months and serum will be collected 1,2,4,6, 9, 12, 18, 24, 30 and 36 months after vaccination. All children born to vaccinees will be tested for congenital CMV infection to determine if reactivated vaccine virus is transmitted transplacentally. The investigators will use PCR analysis of the DNAs of all viral isolates.

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Study Type : Interventional  (Clinical Trial)
Actual Enrollment : 82 participants
Allocation: Randomized
Intervention Model: Parallel Assignment
Masking: Double (Participant, Investigator)
Primary Purpose: Prevention
Official Title: Epidemiology of Cytomegalovirus -- Evaluation of the Immunogenicity and Efficacy of the Towne Strain of CMV in Seronegative Women: A Phase II-III Study
Study Start Date : June 2007
Actual Primary Completion Date : October 2009
Actual Study Completion Date : October 2009

Arm Intervention/treatment
Active Comparator: Placebo (hepatitis A)
Placebo group
Biological: Hepatitis A Vaccine
Single dose give IM

Experimental: Towne vaccine
Towne vaccine given at 3000 pfu/subject
Biological: Towne CMV Vaccine
Single dose given subcutaneously

Primary Outcome Measures :
  1. Participants With Adverse Events [ Time Frame: One year ]
  2. Immunology Response [ Time Frame: Urine, saliva, will be collected every 2 months for 12 months and serum will be collected 1,2,4,6, 9, 12, 18, 24, 30 and 36 months after vaccination. ]
    The primary objective of the study is to evaluate safety and immune responses induced by the Towne vaccine in in seronegative women with children in daycare

Information from the National Library of Medicine

Choosing to participate in a study is an important personal decision. Talk with your doctor and family members or friends about deciding to join a study. To learn more about this study, you or your doctor may contact the study research staff using the contacts provided below. For general information, Learn About Clinical Studies.

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Ages Eligible for Study:   18 Years to 45 Years   (Adult)
Sexes Eligible for Study:   Female
Accepts Healthy Volunteers:   Yes

Inclusion Criteria:

  1. Women between 18 and 45 years of age
  2. Good general health without significant physical examination findings
  3. With children < 2 years old attending daycare centers
  4. Willingness to sign informed consent for screening and before enrollment
  5. Available to participate for the entire study period of 36 months
  6. Negative cytomegalovirus (CMV) serology
  7. Negative serum pregnancy test within two days prior to vaccination
  8. Willingness to have blood stored for future evaluations
  9. Willingness to have children provide saliva and urine samples
  10. Able to complete a demographic profile
  11. Agreement to practice effective contraception. Contraception is defined as using any of the following methods:

    1. Condoms (male or female)
    2. Diaphragm or cervical cap with spermicide
    3. Intrauterine device (IUD)
    4. Hormone contraception
    5. Abstinence
    6. Successful vasectomy in male partner
    7. Hysterectomy, bilateral oophorectomy, or tubal ligation
    8. Infertility confirmed by a gynecologist will also be acceptable

Exclusion Criteria:

  1. Acute febrile illness (>/=38C / 100.4F) within 72 hours preceding the vaccination (vaccination may be deferred until febrile illness is resolved, but a repeat pregnancy test will be required if deferred more than 48 hours.)
  2. Positive pregnancy test
  3. Breastfeeding
  4. Venous access deemed inadequate for the phlebotomy demands of the study
  5. Receipt of any vaccine, blood products, or investigational agents within 30 days prior to enrollment
  6. History of serious adverse reactions to any vaccine, including anaphylaxis and related symptoms such as hives, respiratory difficulty, angioedema or abdominal pain
  7. History of immunodeficiency, autoimmune diseases, or malignancy
  8. History of severe cardiopulmonary diseases or serious metabolic disorders
  9. Psychiatric condition that precludes compliance with the protocol. Specifically excluded are persons with history of psychosis within the past 3 years or history of suicidal attempt or gesture within the past 3 years
  10. Any acute or chronic condition (including alcohol or drug use) which in the opinion of the principle investigator would limit the volunteer's ability to complete the study

Information from the National Library of Medicine

To learn more about this study, you or your doctor may contact the study research staff using the contact information provided by the sponsor.

Please refer to this study by its identifier (NCT number): NCT00201448

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United States, Virginia
Virginia Commonwealth University
Richmond, Virginia, United States, 23298
Sponsors and Collaborators
Virginia Commonwealth University
CMV Research Foundation Inc
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Principal Investigator: Stuart Adler, M.D. Virginia Commonwealth University
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Responsible Party: Virginia Commonwealth University Identifier: NCT00201448    
Other Study ID Numbers: 94-078
First Posted: September 20, 2005    Key Record Dates
Results First Posted: May 30, 2016
Last Update Posted: May 30, 2016
Last Verified: May 2016
Keywords provided by Virginia Commonwealth University:
CMV, cytomegalovirus, vaccine, Towne strain
Additional relevant MeSH terms:
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Cytomegalovirus Infections
Herpesviridae Infections
DNA Virus Infections
Virus Diseases
Immunologic Factors
Physiological Effects of Drugs