COVID-19 is an emerging, rapidly evolving situation.
Get the latest public health information from CDC:

Get the latest research information from NIH: Menu

EWISE: Study of Eplerenone in Women With Chest Pain, Coronary Vascular Dysfunction and Evidence of Myocardial Ischemia

The safety and scientific validity of this study is the responsibility of the study sponsor and investigators. Listing a study does not mean it has been evaluated by the U.S. Federal Government. Read our disclaimer for details. Identifier: NCT00187889
Recruitment Status : Completed
First Posted : September 16, 2005
Results First Posted : October 14, 2013
Last Update Posted : October 14, 2013
National Heart, Lung, and Blood Institute (NHLBI)
Information provided by (Responsible Party):
University of Florida

Brief Summary:
Some women have chest pain even without having a blockage in one of the major blood vessels that supplies blood to the heart. In many of these women the microscopic (small) blood vessels in the heart do not function normally. This study seeks to determine if treatment with eplerenone, a commercially available diuretic, can improve the function of these microscopic blood vessels and, possibly, improve the chest pain.

Condition or disease Intervention/treatment Phase
Ischemic Heart Disease Drug: Eplerenone Drug: Placebo or sugar pill Phase 4

Detailed Description:

INDICATION: Coronary Vascular Dysfunction (Endothelial Dysfunction and/or Microvascular angina).

OBJECTIVES: To investigate effects of aldosterone blockade (eplerenone) on coronary vascular function.

PATIENT POPULATION: Women who meet the National Heart, Lung and Blood Institute-sponsored WISE (Women Ischemia Syndrome Evaluation) study criteria of chest discomfort, coronary vascular dysfunction and undergoing evaluation for myocardial ischemia in the absence of significant coronary artery stenosis.

STUDY DESIGN: A prospective, randomized, double blind placebo-controlled, comparative trial of eplerenone, given in the presence of a renin-angiotensin blocker (ACE-I or ARB in the case of ACE-I intolerance).

TREATMENT: Eplerenone 25mg titrated to 50mg as tolerated per day versus placebo for four months

PRIMARY EFFICACY PARAMETER(S): Epicardial coronary artery endothelial function at Week 16 (adjusted for baseline treatment group and site by treatment interaction variables) comparing the eplerenone group to the placebo group.

SECONDARY EFFICACY PARAMETERS: Microvascular coronary endothelial function at Week 16 (adjusted for baseline treatment group and site by treatment interaction variables) comparing the eplerenone group to the placebo group.


  • Coronary flow reserve
  • Chest discomfort as measured by the Seattle Angina Questionnaire
  • DASI

SAFETY PARAMETERS: Blood pressure, pulse rate and frequency and occurrence of adverse events. The latter will include serum K and Creatinine.

STATISTICAL RATIONALE AND ANALYSIS: A statistical rationale for the number of patients in the study has been provided. Interim analyses are planned after 10 patients have completed treatment in each group.

ANTICIPATED TOTAL NUMBER OF PATIENTS: 50 (25 per treatment group).


PARTICIPATING SITES: University of Florida (Carl Pepine, MD), Emory University (Arshed Quyyumi, MD), Rhode Island Hospital (Barry Sharaf, MD), and Mayo Clinic (Amir Lerman, MD). There is an existing relationship between the first 3 sites and the Mayo Clinic site is familiar with all necessary protocol procedures and is anxious to participate. The University of Florida will serve as the main contracting site.

Layout table for study information
Study Type : Interventional  (Clinical Trial)
Actual Enrollment : 70 participants
Allocation: Randomized
Intervention Model: Parallel Assignment
Masking: Double (Participant, Investigator)
Primary Purpose: Treatment
Official Title: A Double-Blind, Multicenter, Placebo Controlled Study of Aldosterone Blockade (Eplerenone) in Women With Chest Pain, Coronary Vascular Dysfunction and Evidence of Myocardial Ischemia in the Absence of Significant Epicardial Coronary Artery Disease
Study Start Date : August 2004
Actual Primary Completion Date : February 2009
Actual Study Completion Date : December 2011

Resource links provided by the National Library of Medicine

Drug Information available for: Eplerenone

Arm Intervention/treatment
Active Comparator: Eplerenone
Eplerenone 25 mg (1 pill)daily for 1 week then uptitrated to 50 mg (2 pills)daily for 15 weeks.
Drug: Eplerenone
Eplerenone 25 mg (1 pill) daily for 1 week then uptitrated to 50 mg (2 pills) daily for 15 weeks.

Placebo Comparator: Placebo or sugar pill
Placebo blinded as 25 mg tablet once daily for 1 week then uptitrated to 2 pills daily for 15 weeks.
Drug: Placebo or sugar pill
Placebo blinded as 25 mg tablet(1 pill) once daily for 1 week then uptitrated to 50 mg (2 pills) daily for 15 weeks.
Other Name: Placebo

Primary Outcome Measures :
  1. Epicardial Coronary Artery Endothelial Function (Adjusted) at Week 16 Comparing the Eplerenone Group to the Placebo Group [ Time Frame: 16 weeks ]
    The primary measure was the relative change in coronary diameter to acetylcholinem (ACH) at 16 weeks adjusted for baseline reactivity to acetylcholine. Change in coronary artery diameter after ACH was measured in mm at baseline and 16 weeks. Percent change at 16 weeks - percent change at baseline was the outcome.

Secondary Outcome Measures :
  1. Microvascular Coronary Flow Reserve(Adjusted) at Week 16 Adjusted for Baseline Coronary Flow Reserve Comparing the Eplerenone Group to the Placebo Group [ Time Frame: 16 weeks ]
    Coronary flow reserve is a ratio of coronary blood flow velocity before and after adenosine. The outcome measure is the difference between the coronary flow reserve at 16 weeks adjusted for coronary flow reserve at baseline.

Information from the National Library of Medicine

Choosing to participate in a study is an important personal decision. Talk with your doctor and family members or friends about deciding to join a study. To learn more about this study, you or your doctor may contact the study research staff using the contacts provided below. For general information, Learn About Clinical Studies.

Layout table for eligibility information
Ages Eligible for Study:   21 Years to 75 Years   (Adult, Older Adult)
Sexes Eligible for Study:   Female
Accepts Healthy Volunteers:   No

Inclusion Criteria:

  • Non-pregnant women with chest discomfort who are 21 to 75 years of age and from diverse racial/ethnic groups.
  • Suspected ischemic heart disease (IHD) but no severe coronary stenosis (> 50% diameter reduction) on coronary angiography used to qualify for WISE.
  • Endothelial dysfunction, defined as failure to dilate to intracoronary acetylcholine (< 5% increase in mean lumen diameter).
  • If possible, patients should be taking stable, maximally tolerated dose of either an angiotensin-converting enzyme inhibitor [ACEI] (or an angiotensin II receptor blocker [ARB] if ACEI intolerant)

Exclusion Criteria:

  • Women who are breast-feeding or who are pregnant. Women of childbearing potential may be enrolled but must agree not to become pregnant during the course of the study and must practice a method of birth control considered reliable by the investigator. If established on hormonal contraceptives for more than 3 months, patients will be allowed to participate provided that this therapy remains constant throughout the study. If a patient becomes pregnant or begins breast-feeding during the study, she must be withdrawn immediately.
  • Acute ischemic syndrome defined as acute myocardial infarction [MI] (by enzyme or electrocardiogram [ECG] criteria) or unstable angina within 1 month of entry.
  • Uncontrolled moderate hypertension: sitting blood pressure > 160/95mmHg with measurements recorded on at least 2 occasions (for blood pressure control patients must first be stabilized, preferably with a diuretic, and remain on that dosing regimen throughout participation in the study).
  • Severe heart failure defined as New York Heart Association (NYHA) Class III or IV on treatment.
  • Coronary revascularization by either coronary artery bypass grafting (CABG) or percutaneous transluminal coronary angioplasty (PTCA) or stent placement.
  • Conditions likely to influence outcomes independent of IHD: severe lung, renal (creatinine >1.8 or creatinine clearance [CrCl] ≤ 50ml/min) or hepatic disease; surgically uncorrected significant congenital or valvular heart disease; and other diseases likely to be fatal or require frequent hospitalizations within the next six months.
  • Adherence or retention reasons: recent alcoholism or drug abuse; psychiatric illness including severe depression; dementia; active participation in any other research trial other than WISE; or unwilling to complete follow-up evaluations including repeat testing.
  • Hypersensitivity to any medications to be used in the study
  • Documented obstructive hypertrophic cardiomyopathy.
  • Aortic stenosis (valve area < 1.5cm).
  • Left ventricular (LV) dysfunction (ejection fraction <= 35%).
  • History of significant cocaine or amphetamine abuse.
  • Serum potassium > 5.0meq/l at baseline
  • Taking potent CYP3A4 inhibitors (ketoconazole, itraconazole, nefazodone, troleandomycin, clarithromycin, ritonavir, nelfinavir)
  • Intolerance to ACEI and ARB medications
  • Use of potassium supplements or potassium sparing diuretics

Information from the National Library of Medicine

To learn more about this study, you or your doctor may contact the study research staff using the contact information provided by the sponsor.

Please refer to this study by its identifier (NCT number): NCT00187889

Layout table for location information
United States, Florida
University of Florida
Gainesville, Florida, United States, 32610
Sponsors and Collaborators
University of Florida
National Heart, Lung, and Blood Institute (NHLBI)
Layout table for investigator information
Principal Investigator: Carl J Pepine, MD University of Florida
Publications automatically indexed to this study by Identifier (NCT Number):
Layout table for additonal information
Responsible Party: University of Florida Identifier: NCT00187889    
Other Study ID Numbers: EWISE
R01 H267173-01
First Posted: September 16, 2005    Key Record Dates
Results First Posted: October 14, 2013
Last Update Posted: October 14, 2013
Last Verified: October 2011
Keywords provided by University of Florida:
Microvascular Disease
Ischemic Heart Disease
Additional relevant MeSH terms:
Layout table for MeSH terms
Heart Diseases
Myocardial Ischemia
Coronary Artery Disease
Chest Pain
Pathologic Processes
Cardiovascular Diseases
Vascular Diseases
Coronary Disease
Arterial Occlusive Diseases
Neurologic Manifestations
Mineralocorticoid Receptor Antagonists
Hormone Antagonists
Hormones, Hormone Substitutes, and Hormone Antagonists
Physiological Effects of Drugs
Diuretics, Potassium Sparing
Natriuretic Agents
Antihypertensive Agents