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Prazosin Alcohol Dependence IVR Study

The safety and scientific validity of this study is the responsibility of the study sponsor and investigators. Listing a study does not mean it has been evaluated by the U.S. Federal Government. Read our disclaimer for details. Identifier: NCT00167687
Recruitment Status : Completed
First Posted : September 14, 2005
Last Update Posted : February 15, 2008
US Department of Veterans Affairs
Information provided by:
University of Washington

Brief Summary:
This double-blind placebo controlled pilot trial will test the hypothesis that prazosin, an alpha-1 adrenergic receptor antagonist, reduced alcohol consumption and alcohol craving in alcohol dependent individuals without Post Traumatic Stress Disorder (PTSD). The intervention period is six weeks.

Condition or disease Intervention/treatment Phase
Alcoholism Drug: prazosin Phase 4

Detailed Description:

The objective of the project is to determine whether prazosin, an alpha-1 adrenergic receptor antagonist, decreases alcohol consumption and/or the subjective experience of alcohol craving in individuals without post-traumatic stress disorder (PTSD) who are seeking treatment for alcohol dependence.

The study hypotheses are: (1) Subjects treated with prazosin will report fewer drinking days and fewer drinks per drinking day than subjects treated with placebo, (2) subjects treated with prazosin will report decreased craving for alcohol as compared to subjects in the placebo condition, and (3) prazosin will be well-tolerated at the proposed dosage by subjects in the prazosin condition compared to subjects in the placebo condition.

This project is a double-blind, randomized, placebo-controlled trial of prazosin in subjects who are dependent on alcohol and have used alcohol within the last 30 days prior to randomization. The treatment phase will last 6 weeks and will include 40 subjects; 20 randomized to each experimental condition (prazosin and placebo). Participants in both the groups will be provided the same behavioral treatment for alcohol dependence throughout the course of the study. Participants in both groups will also use daily Interactive Voice Response (IVR) symptom monitoring technology to track daily fluctuations in alcohol use and craving, as well as medication compliance.

The study will be conducted at the Addiction Treatment Center (ATC) at VAPSHCS, Seattle division.

Participants will include 40 alcohol-dependent adults presenting for chemical dependency treatment at the VA Puget Sound Health Care System (VAPSHCS) Addiction Treatment Center as well as subjects recruited from the general public via advertisements in local weekly newspapers.

Study Procedures: Once potential study participants have undergone an initial screen to insure basic eligibility they will provide informed consent and will undergo a 2-hour baseline assessment that will include completing a diagnostic interview, paper-and-pencil packet of measures, and providing urine and blood specimens. After completion of these assessments, a final determination will be made within three business days as to whether the potential participant meets inclusion but not exclusion criteria. Eligible participants will then be randomized to one of the two treatment groups. The participants will be prompted three times each day by text messaging pages reminding them to take their study medications.

The behavioral treatment to be used in this study is the Medication Management protocol adapted from the procedure used in Project COMBINE. A clinical rescue strategy will be in place such that any participants who evidence severe clinical deterioration including consuming more than 140 standard equivalent drinks in any 7 day period will be removed from the protocol and offered inpatient treatment at VA PSHCS.

During the first two weeks of the study, participants will have twice-weekly orthostatic vital sign and adverse events monitoring by the study nurse or physician, then weekly thereafter. All serious or unexpected adverse events will be reported to the FDA and UW Human Subjects Committee in accordance with requirements. When participants have completed their medication treatment at 6 weeks post-randomization, they will repeat all the baseline measures and laboratory tests (urine and blood samples will be requested) except for the PCL and the California Verbal Learning Test.

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Study Type : Interventional  (Clinical Trial)
Actual Enrollment : 23 participants
Allocation: Randomized
Intervention Model: Single Group Assignment
Masking: Triple (Participant, Care Provider, Investigator)
Primary Purpose: Treatment
Official Title: A Double-Blind Placebo-Controlled Trial of Prazosin for the Treatment of Alcohol Dependence
Study Start Date : September 2005
Actual Primary Completion Date : October 2007
Actual Study Completion Date : October 2007

Resource links provided by the National Library of Medicine

Arm Intervention/treatment
Placebo Comparator: 2 Drug: prazosin

Pharmacological treatment: In order to prevent the possible side effect of first-dose hypotension, all participants will receive only 1mg of study medication or placebo nightly for the first two days of study participation. Titration will proceed according to the following schedule:

Prazosin Dosing: 9 AM 3 PM 9 PM Days 1-2 1 mg (one capsule) Days 3-4 1 mg 1 mg 1 mg Days 5-7 2 mg 2 mg 2 mg Day 8-10 2 mg 2 mg 6 mg Day 11-14 4 mg 4 mg 6 mg Day 15-42 4 mg 4 mg 8 mg

Primary Outcome Measures :
  1. Number of days drinking during the six week intervention [ Time Frame: 6 weeks ]
  2. Number of drinks per drinking day consumed [ Time Frame: 6 weeks ]

Secondary Outcome Measures :
  1. Daily craving intensity over the six week intervention [ Time Frame: six weeks ]

Information from the National Library of Medicine

Choosing to participate in a study is an important personal decision. Talk with your doctor and family members or friends about deciding to join a study. To learn more about this study, you or your doctor may contact the study research staff using the contacts provided below. For general information, Learn About Clinical Studies.

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Ages Eligible for Study:   18 Years and older   (Adult, Older Adult)
Sexes Eligible for Study:   All
Accepts Healthy Volunteers:   No

Inclusion Criteria:

  • age 18 years of age or older
  • current DSM-IV diagnosis of alcohol dependence with some use in last 30 days
  • capacity to provide informed consent
  • no planned absences during six week active treatment period that would prevent weekly check-in wiht the study psychiatrist
  • English fluency

Exclusion Criteria:

  • Score 50 or greater on the PTSD Check List which suggests a current diagnosis of PTSD
  • Psychiatric disorder requiring any medication other than anti-depressants
  • Current diagnosis of opiate dependence or abuse, chronic treatment with any opiate-containing medications during the previous month, or urine positive for opioids
  • Significant acute or chronic medical illness, including unstable angina, recent myocardial infarction, history of congestive heart failure, preexisting hypotension (systolic lower than 110) or orthostatic hypotension (systolic drop greater than 20mmHg after two minutes standing or any drop with dizziness), insulin-dependent diabetes mellitus; chronic renal or hepatic failure, pancreatitis, gout, Meniere's disease, benign positional vertigo, narcolepsy
  • Concomitant use of trazodone, tadalafil or verdenafil
  • History of prazosin-sensitivity
  • Women who are pregnant, nursing infant(s), or of childbearing potential and not using a contraceptive method judged by the investigator to be effective
  • Signs or symptoms of alcohol withdrawal at the time of randomization

Information from the National Library of Medicine

To learn more about this study, you or your doctor may contact the study research staff using the contact information provided by the sponsor.

Please refer to this study by its identifier (NCT number): NCT00167687

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United States, Washington
VA Puget Sound Health Care System
Seattle, Washington, United States, 98108
Sponsors and Collaborators
University of Washington
US Department of Veterans Affairs
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Principal Investigator: Tracy Simpson, PhD VA Puget Sound Health Care System
Principal Investigator: Andrew Saxon, MD VA Puget Sound Health Care System
Principal Investigator: Charles Meredith, MD VA Puget Sound Health Care System
Additional Information:
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Responsible Party: Tracy Simpson, Ph.D., Seattle VA Medical Center Identifier: NCT00167687    
Other Study ID Numbers: 05-5895-V 02
First Posted: September 14, 2005    Key Record Dates
Last Update Posted: February 15, 2008
Last Verified: February 2008
Keywords provided by University of Washington:
Randomized Controlled Trial
Additional relevant MeSH terms:
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Alcohol-Related Disorders
Substance-Related Disorders
Chemically-Induced Disorders
Mental Disorders
Antihypertensive Agents
Adrenergic alpha-1 Receptor Antagonists
Adrenergic alpha-Antagonists
Adrenergic Antagonists
Adrenergic Agents
Neurotransmitter Agents
Molecular Mechanisms of Pharmacological Action
Physiological Effects of Drugs